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-I 994-96 

On the Cover 

The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis linne, 
is a fitting symbol for the waterfront home of the 
Eckerd College Tritons. 


Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors .... 27 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 109 

Campus and Student Life 110 

Admission 115 

Financial Aid 118 

Expenses 127 

Faculty 134 

Administration 138 

Board of Trustees 139 

Index , 142 

Calendar of Events 144 

Correspondence Directory 149 



The basic mission of Eckerd College is to aid the personal development 
of humane and competent persons of all ages to learn, lead and serve 
in the local, national, and even international realms of a pluralistic 
and increasingly complex society. In so doing, Eckerd College has as its 
ultimate aims to assist persons to fulfill their God given potential, to 
improve the quality of life in our society at large and, more specifically, 
to contribute to the vitality of congregations which are the local ex- 
pressions of the Christian Church. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the 
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor 
of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. A coeducational college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, it is related by covenant to the Presbyterian 
Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located on 267 acres of tropical water- 
front property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College, and 
admitted its first students in 1960. In 1972 the college's name was 
changed to honor Jack M. Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and 
businessman whose gifts and commitments to the institution have 
helped to insure its continuing excellence. More than 4,500 graduates 
are seeking to lead lives of leadership and service in communities 
throughout the world. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational ad- 
venture. As you read this document, you should 
be aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history and planning. These 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them 
have enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive 
among the 3,000 colleges and universities in the 
United States. 


The primary purpose of the educational program 
is to foster the personal development of each stu- 
dent. We seek to prepare students for the basic 
responsibilities of life, and especially for compe- 
tent, humane leadership and service. We are vi- 
tally concerned with the development of whole 
persons, and therefore encourage the intellectual, 
spiritual, cultural, social, emotional and physi- 
cal growth of each student. While education is a 
lifelong process the Eckerd experience is designed 
to assist students to go beyond the limitations 
imposed by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, 
self-centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct; and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian com- 
mitment, the college maintains an active covenant 
relationship with the Presbyterian Church, 
(U.S.A.); however, the college community is not 
narrowly sectarian. It includes among its faculty, 
students and staff individuals of many denomi- 
nations, faiths and points of view. 

As a church-related college commimity, we seek 
to give the Christian faith a full hearing in a 
setting where students are free to accept or re- 
ject, but not ignore it. Confident in the belief 
that all truth is of God, we seek to develop an 
atmosphere of free and open inquiry into all as- 
pects of faith and knowledge. Our aim is to as- 

sist students to clarify their beliefs, assess their 
values, and learn to act responsibly on the basis 
of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and fac- 
ulty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty academic 
adviser, known as a "Mentor," who seeks to fa- 
cilitate the total growth of students and helps 
them to get the most out of their college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a repu- 
tation for excellence in the teaching of under- 
graduates. Many Eckerd College faculty members 
are engaged in primary scholarship and artistic 
creativity and wherever possible seek to involve 
students in these enterprises. The intention of 
the faculty is to provide an educational environ- 
ment characterized by high expectation, personal 
attention and enthusiasm for learning. 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field 
of study, it is equally committed to general edu- 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by help- 
ing students to develop a love for learning, ac- 
quire an informed awareness of the major ele- 
ments of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for 
their own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn term pro- 
ject, composition, computation, foreign language, 
and the Western Heritage sequence in the first 
year; one course in each of four value-oriented 
perspectives in the second and third year; and a 
course in the Judaeo-Christian perspective and 
an integrating issue-oriented seminar in the Se- 
nior year. 


The commitment to individual development in- 
cludes a commitment to helping students pre- 
pare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of con- 
centration, students are encouraged to supple- 
ment and adapt the formal curriculum to their 
particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, 
jobs, and other offcampus learning experiences 
both in this country and abroad enable students 
to integrate theory and practice, and help them 
to clarify their values and career choices. Faculty 
in all disiplines are committed to a participatory 
educational process in which students engage as 
active learners. The aim is to assist each student 
to become a self-directed, competent, humane per- 
son capable of making a significant contribution 
to society. 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Stu- 
dents come to campus from more than 40 states 
and 30 foreign countries. They enroll from ur- 
ban, suburban and rural areas; from developed 
and developing countries; and from a variety of 
cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus en- 
riches the total educational experience as students 
learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the ba- 
sis for a sense of community, which is enhanced 
by worship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students re- 
side on campus, they have the enriched experi- 
ences that occur when people are learning both 
how to learn and how to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown 
the will to improve education, and the vision 
and courage to take steps that will facilitate the 
growth of students. Many of its programs of in- 
terdisciplinary study, independent study, inter- 
national education, values inquiry, and student 
orientation and advising have become models for 
other educational institutions. Within the con- 
text of its objectives as a church-related college of 
the liberal arts and sciences, it continues to seek 
better ways of meeting its commitments. 


Every student upon entering Eckerd College is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following, 
statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the val- 
ues embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and sci- 
ences. Inherent in this commitment is the re- 

1 . To use one's abilities and opportunities to pur- 
sue personal and academic growth and excel- 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in atti- 
tudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen of the college commu- 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a col- 
lege of distinction with a student body of high 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals obli- 
gates that student to abide by college regulations 
and to work with others to prevent the following 
behaviors that threaten the freedom and respect 
that members of the Eckerd community enjoy: 

1 . Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation of a college community 
in which they can take pride. 


Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been con- 
sistently rated among the foremost of American 
colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of edu- 
cating its students, not in order to be different, 
but to offer a more rewarding and useful educa- 
tional experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter term." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
terms of an academic year with a one month pe- 
riod of study on a single topic.) The winter term 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation 
was created and tested first on the Eckerd Col- 
lege campus; then other colleges found it so ex- 
citing that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1 960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eck- 
erd student, you will receive material about se- 
lection of a Mentor. The original Mentor was 
the guide and companion of Odysseys. As you 
are, in a sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is 
fitting that you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional fac- 
ulty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and personal 
growth. You choose your own Mentor before you 
enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors 
and projects. In your Freshman year you will take 
at least one course from your Mentor, and to- 
gether you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you 
may choose a new Mentor— a specialist in your 
area of academic concentration. The two of you 
will continue to plan your academic program, 
including independent and directed studies, in- 

ternships, off-campus programs, work experience, 
career planning, foreign study, and the many 
other options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks 
in length, and are each followed by examination 
periods. Courses during the semester are offered 
for the full fourteen weeks, and ordinarily a 
full-time student will enroll for four of these 
courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen oc- 
curs prior to the beginning of the fall semester, 
while the four week winter term (January) falls 
between the two regular semesters. During these 
shorter terms, students will enroll for no more 
than one academic project at a time. This format 
provides for independent investigation of a topic 
in a concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd Col- 
lege experience in mid-August, when you enroll 
for autumn term. In contrast to the usual Fresh- 
man orientation of two or three days, autumn 
term lasts three weeks. It is designed for Fresh- 
men only, and provides an intensive foretaste of 
college living and academic work. 

During autumn term you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary na- 
ture of learning. The course will give you a clear 
idea of what is expected of you at Eckerd. Au- 
tumn term provides an excellent opportunity for 
certain kinds of interest and competency testing 
that will allow you to begin your academic pro- 
gram in courses that are best suited to your cur- 
rent stage of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, work- 
ing and playing in a college community. The stu- 
dent Resident Adviser in your residence hall will 
be on hand during autumn term to help you make 
the transition into college life. In fact, the entire 
staff of the college and the autumn term faculty 
will participate with you in periods of inquiry, 
reflection and fun. The sense of community that 
develops will assist you to take full advantage of 
the opportunities and resources available on cam- 
pus. By the time the upperclass students return 
in September, you will be well established in cam- 
pus life. For more information see page 1 09. 


An important part of your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called West- 
ern Heritage I and II that will explore the cul- 
tural riches of the past. Your discussion sections 
in these courses will be led by your Mentor. In 
addition you will be expected to demonstrate 
writing competency by assembling a portfolio of 
your collegiate writing for evaluation by the fac- 
ulty; take one college level computation course 
or demonstrate competency by examination; and 
take one year of a foreign language or demon- 
strate competency at the first year by evaluation 
of the language faculty. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years you will 
choose four courses, one from a list of options in- 
each of four broad perspectives on human exist- 
ence: the aesthetic, cross-cultural, environmen- 
tal and social relations. The courses will be dis- 
tributed over four collegia so as to provide in- 
volvement with significantly different modes of 

Seniors will take a course that will focus on con- 
temporary issues from the Judaeo-Christian per- 
spective, and a Senior seminar focusing on the 
search for solutions to important issues that they 
are likely to face during their lifetimes. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in Janu- 
ary that emphasizes independent study. You may 
enroll in projects designed by professors, or de- 
sign your own with sponsorship of a professor. 

All winter term projects must have strong aca- 
demic merit A typical project requires you to 
select a subject, gather information, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a paint- 
ing, a performance, or a piece of equipment. 
Freshmen may take a winter term in addition to 
autumn term, and substitute a fifth winter term 
for one of the 32 courses required for gradua- 
tion. The winter term in the Senior year is usu- 
ally spent working on a comprehensive examina- 
tion or senior thesis or project required for 
completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's ex- 
ample in adopting a winter term program, mak- 
ing it possible to exchange students and to in- 
crease the range of projects offered. Eckerd Col- 
lege also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges in 

sponsoring winter term projects abroad or in 
major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many winter term projects include 
at least eight contact hours per week, which meets 
the Veteran's Administration standards for full 
tuition benefits. For more information see page 


During the past few years, educators have become 
aware that the traditional division of learning into 
academic "departments" is not necessarily the best 
way to organize the educational process. Increas- 
ingly popular among colleges is the interdiscipli- 
nary major, in which the student combines 
courses from two or more departments to form 
an individual academic program. At Eckerd, we 
have established interdisciplinary "collegia," 
which encourage new combinations of studies and 
demonstrate the interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; per- 
sons communicating without artificial obstacles 
to discourse) pursuing a common objective (which 
in Eckerd's case is learning). The word vividly 
describes what we are trying to do: to bring you 
(the student) together with a highly knowledge- 
able person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one 
another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according 
to the intellectual discipline required to master 
them. You learn mathematics and physics in simi- 
lar ways, for example; but you learn dance differ- 
ently, and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with 
a particular collegium, depending upon their ap- 
proach to their subject. You will do the same. At 
the end of your Freshman year you will focus 
upon a major or area of concentration and affili- 
ate with the collegium that best suits your per- 
ception of that study. Your concentration does 
not have to lie in a single field, such as history or 
biology. You can create your own concentration 
by combining those studies that will help you 
achieve your career or professional goal. For ex- 
ample, if you wish to become an environmental 
economist, you can combine economics and bi- 
ology, thus creating your own concentration to 
fit your own goal. The collegium concept makes 
this interdisciplinary approach to learning a natu- 
ral one that is easy to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium— stu- 
dents and faculty alike— as partners in learning. 
Professors bring high expectation to the learn- 
ing process; students are expected to become in- 
dependent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own 
decision-making group, composed of professors 
and students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps 
unique, program for all Freshmen through the 
Foundations Collegium. This is the first-year 
home for students, helping them to establish a 
foundation for their upper-level studies. The 
collegium's program includes four important 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid-Au- 
gust to take a three-week course before the open- 
ing of the fall semester early in September. Dur- 
ing this time, they also complete their testing, 
orientation, and registration. Freshmen choose 
from 18 projects limited to about 20 students 
each. The professor for that course will be the 
Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has ex- 

panded the notion of the academic adviser to 
allow more help, care, and encouragement to its 
students. Each Freshman has a Mentor from the 
faculty who helps to guide him or her through 
the Freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage. All freshmen are required 
to take Western Heritage I (fall) and Western 
Heritage II (spring). These courses explore cen- 
tral concepts and materials of Western civiliza- 
tion and introduce Freshmen to the themes of 
Eckerd College's general education program, the 
aesthetic, cross-cultural, environmental, and so- 
cial relations perspectives. Western Heritage 
courses are interdisciplinary, using lecture and 
discussion formats. The discussion sections are 
the same groups, with the same instructor, as 
the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must dem- 
onstrate proficiency, or take courses to develop 
skills, in composition, computation and foreign 
language. For more details see page 16 under 
Degree Requirements, and under Composition 
in the course listings. Foundations also provides 
a Writing Center to assist students with their 

At the end of the Freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 

Author James Michener is a member of the 
Academy of Senior Professiormls at Eckerd College (ASPEC) 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today— rac- 
ism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime— are problems of human 
behavior. Therefore, there is much to be gained 
by developing methodological and conceptual 
tools to understand better both individual and 
collective behavior. Students will take introduc- 
tory courses in psychology or sociology as well as 
a course in statistical methods. In addition, 
courses are available in the fields of economics, 
sociology, psychology, management, political sci- 
ence, business administration, finance, account- 
ing and marketing. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks 
to promote an understanding of the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through languages, 
area studies, anthropology, international busi- 
ness, and related disciplines. The Collegium 
serves as both a window and a gateway to the 
cultures of the world: a window for those who 
learn in the classroom from professors who have 
lived and studied in other cultures; a gateway for 
those who wish to visit these cultures after pre- 
paratory study on campus. Language study in 
French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, or 
Russian can be integrated into a major program, 
an interdisciplinary concentration with another 
discipline (such as management, political science, 
or comparative literature), or it may simply serve 
to round out a student's liberal arts program. 
Anthropology allows students to learn about the 
peoples and cultures of the world, past and 
present, while becoming well-versed in the re- 
search methods, theoretical perspectives (such 
as culture change) and practice applications of 
anthropology in today's world. Some students 
may decide to plan their studies around a par- 
ticular area of the world. In such cases, the Inter- 
national Education office gives assistance in plan- 
ning appropriate study abroad experiences. Com- 
parative Cultures graduates have chosen careers 
in teaching, interpreting, foreign service, religious 
vocations or international business. 


Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated to 
promoting the development of creativity in each 
person and the integration of the physical, emo- 
tional, intellectual, and spiritual dimensions of 
the self. Sharing a belief in the value of experien- 
tial learning, members of the Collegium recog- 
nize that students learn as much through experi- 
encing the creative process as in the completion 
of a product. In addition to the programs in art, 
music, theatre, and creative writing, where stu- 
dents are encouraged to explore and express their 
talents within the context of freedom with 
responsibility, the Collegium includes the human 
development discipline where learning to help 
others realize their full potential is the primary 
goal. Interdisciplinary study, independent work, 
and application of knowledge in the community 
are fostered in the Creative Arts Collegium. 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present— their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. The study of who we are by looking 
at what we are doing and the works and institu- 
tions created by our predecessors provides the 
relevance, vitality, and excitement of our program. 
This humane interest has value in and of itself. 
In addition, it provides a fundamental back- 
ground for a wide variety of futures— vocational 
or through professional and graduate schools— 
as the experience of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings to- 
gether biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer sci- 
entists, mathematicians, physicists, and those 
interested in the health professions, including 
medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry and 
medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research and 
the study of the principles and concepts that are 
necessary to successful scientific investigation. 

The programs in the natural sciences are geared 
to provide students with information and tech- 
niques that can be applied to the problems of a 
changing society. 


The library supports the educational mission of 
the college by providing facilities, resources and 
services designed to enhance the student's learn- 
ing experience. The primary goal of the library 
staff is to help students achieve competency in 
making use of available knowledge. In this con- 
stantly changing and increasingly complex world 
the ability to locate and use needed information 
has become a crucial skill. Instruction in the ef- 
fective use of library resources begins in the au- 
tumn term, and progresses through upperclass 
levels where students are encouraged to make 
use of sophisticated computerized technology by 
searching in databases. During all four years the 
emphasis is on providing, through frequent inter- 
action between student and librarian, the per- 
sonal attention that makes for a quality learning 

Conveniently located in the center of campus, 
the library provides an open and inviting en- 
vironment for study and leisure reading. Quiet 
carrels and carpeted lounge areas are interspersed 
throughout the open stack book collection. For 
those desiring personal copies of printed or mi- 
crofilm materials, coin and card operated copy- 
ing machines are available. 

Designed to meet the basic needs of under- 
graduate students, the library's book collection 
contains approximately 1 20,000 volumes. A com- 
puter catalog allows enhanced access to the li- 
brary collection. Computer indexes give added 
access to about 1 ,000 periodical subscriptions and 
20,000 bound periodical volumes. New materi- 
als designed to meet both the curricular and rec- 
reational reading needs of students are constantly 
being acquired. Each year over 3,000 books are 
carefully selected by instructors and librarians 
for inclusion in the collection. To augment the 
college's own holdings, the library participates 
in the On-line Computer Library Center (OCLC) 
Network which provides computerized interli- 
brary loan access to several thousand libraries 
throughout the United States. In addition, the 
library has a reciprocal lending agreement with 
the University of South Florida-Bayboro library. 



Exploring Cocurricular Experiental Learning 

The cocurricular program recognizes the fact that 
some of the most valuable learning experiences 
happen outside the classroom. Students have the 
opportunity to get involved in organizations and 
activities guided by themselves. 

The program offers something other colleges are 
now only beginning to emulate. Graduates have 
not only a transcript of academic work at Eckerd, 
but also a transcript of what they have done out- 
side of the classroom. The Cocurricular Tran- 
script can be a valuable supplement to the aca- 
demic transcript when applying for jobs, gradu- 
ate work, fellowships, and other post-graduate 
opportunities. To begin this transcript, stop by 
Campus Activities, located in Lindsey Hall. 

There are five major cocurricular areas in which 
you can be involved. It is expected that you 
will document your involvement in all the 
areas while at Eckerd. 


You will have the opportunity to engage in sig- 
nificant service activities on and off campus that 
help you develop interpersonal skills, make a sig- 
nificant contribution to the welfare of others, and 
develop a lifelong commitment to service. 

Career Exploration 

You will have the opportunity to explore the re- 
lationship of your undergraduate experience to 
the world of work and your occupational skills 
and interests; to apply and enhance acquired 
knowledge in career-related situations; and to 
establish enduring beneficial relationships with 
persons engaged in occupations or professors 
related to your interests. 

Physical/Personal Development 

You will have the opportunity to engage in ac- 
tivities that help you to develop an awareness of 
the importance of personal and physical well 
being and to acquire skills that contribute to a 
sense of well-being. 


You will have the opportunity to develop the 
skills and abilities necessary to be an effective 
leader and contributor to the larger society. 

Honors and Awards 

You will have the opportunity to document the 
recognition you receive from the college or other 
groups and organizations. 



Eckerd College's Human Resource Institute in- 
cludes the Personnel and Global Human Re- 
sources Management program which studies the 
activities organizations and societies use to gen- 
erate behaviors directed toward their objectives; 
the Human Resources Measurement program 
which studies the processes used to evaluate hu- 
man resource management; and the Human Re- 
sources Association which facilitates cooperative 
relationships between the Institute and organi- 
zations interested in advancing human resources 
management and measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan in 1969 by William Pyle. It 
moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when Dr. Pyle 
joined the faculty as professor of management 
and Director of the Human Resource Institute. 
Dr. Pyle is currently the Harold D. Holder Pro- 
fessor of Management and International Busi- 
ness at Eckerd College. 

Since its inception, over one hundred Fortune 
500 and other major firms in the U.S. and abroad 
have sought to advance personnel and human 
resources management and measurement research 
through their financial support of the Institute. 


Eckerd College regards liberal education as es- 
sential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for law 
and medical school, medical technology, the min- 
istry, engineering, management, business admin- 
istration, and selected public service, human 
development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 
ships rather than by professional and pre-profes- 
sional courses that tend to limit the scope and 
quality of liberal education. Students in man- 
agement take certain specialized courses, such as 
accounting, and prepare themselves through in- 
ternships carefully planned with the Mentor of 
the management program. Similarly, human re- 
lations occupations involve a thorough liberal arts 
base, to which are added supervised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet the 
particular interest and need of the student. 


The Institute works closely with Eckerd College's 
academic programs including the college's con- 
centration in Personnel and Human Resource 
Management by involving students in its indus- 
try research projects and encouraging its busi- 
ness and industry association members to pro- 
vide students with work experience, internships, 
and career opportunities. 


The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one 
of many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in many engineer- 
ing disciplines (for example: aerospace, biomedi- 
cal, chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, nuclear, 
textile). Students complete all requirements for 
majors at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular ad- 
mission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the Jim- 
ior level. In general, students take Calculus I, II, 
and III; Differential Equations; Beginning Chem- 
istry; Physics I and II; and Introduction to Com- 
puter Science, along with the general education 

requirements and the requirements of an Eckerd 
College major. Some of the courses required for 
the Eckerd College major may be completed at 
the other institution. The detailed curriculum 
depends on the student's choice of engineering 
college and specific degree program. Students 
may attend an engineering winter term before 
they transfer to the engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year por- 
tion of the program (requirements of grade point 
average vary somewhat) and recommendation of 
Eckerd College, a student is admitted to an engi- 
neering college, where the dual-degree require- 
ments may normally be completed in two years. 
The student is then awarded degrees from both 
Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree pro- 
grams in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn Uni- 
versity and Columbia University. Students may 
also apply to engineering schools with which we 
do not have formal agreements. Many engineer- 
ing schools accept transfer students. Several such 
schools have supplied us with advice and infor- 
mation on which courses would best prepare stu- 
dents to transfer into engineering at the Junior 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, 
it is vital for dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their career at Eckerd Col- 



Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and 
Army ROTC program through cross-enrollment 
agreement with the University of South Florida 
in Tampa. 

Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which con- 
sists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and guar- 
anteed a position in the active Air Force. Comple- 
tion of 12-16 course hours of instruction and 
enrollment in a weekly, non-credit leadership labo- 
ratory are required of all students. 

Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which con- 
sists of four courses in military science, a weekly 
leadership laboratory, and one summer camp, are 
commissioned in the United States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, 
and scholarships are available on a competitive 
basis to qualified students. See ROTC under the 
course description section of this catalog. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
learning by helping students to become more 
organized in investigating and more articulate in 
formulating ideas. Working closely with the Foun- 
dations Collegium, the staff and tutors of the 
Writing Center aid students who wish to improve 
writing skills and competence in research. Assis- 
tance is offered to all Eckerd students, with spe- 
cial workshops on preparation of Writing Com- 
petency portfolios, tutoring for non-native writ- 
ers, consulting on Senior theses, and individual 
help on all writing tasks. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
desktop publishing, CD-ROM databases, soft- 
ware for collaborative writing, word processing, 
data graphics, design, page layout, hypermedia; 
a library of composition theory and pedagogy; 
professional and peer consultants. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures, and 
tries to give every student the chance to study 

abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 
overseas programs, including short terms in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Programs 
are led by Eckerd faculty members who have ex- 
pertise in the history, culture and language of 
the country visited. Projects vary each year, but 
typically programs are available in such places as 
Italy, England, Greece, Austria, Mexico, Russia, 
South America, Asia, and the Caribbean. 

Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available 
in Aix-en-Provence or Avignon, Madrid, Freiburg, 
and in London where the Eckerd College Study 
Centre is staffed by both American and British 
faculty. Eckerd also has exchange arrangements 
with two universities in Japan - Kansai Gaidai 
near Osaka and Nanzan University in Nagoya- 
and with Ewha Womans University in Seoul, 
Korea. Through our affiliation with the Interna- 
tional Student Exchange Program (ISEP) and with 
the Council on International Educational Ex- 
change (CIEE) many exchange opportunities 
worldwide are available, and recently students 
have spent a year or semester in locations such 
as Sweden, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, 
Australia, Hungary, Argentina, Uruguay, and 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to their 
particular academic needs. 

Summer Term Abroad 

Opportunities are available for a summer term 
abroad. Programs led by Eckerd faculty, such as 
the Summer in Florence program, as well as pro- 
grams sponsored by other colleges are available. 
The International Education office provides cata- 
logs and resource materials for students to re- 

Summer projects are also planned for students 
in the Program for Experienced Learners at the 
London Study Centre and other locations such 
as Greece, Mexico and the Caribbean. 



Our academic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month Oanuary), one semes- 
ter (14 weeks), and up to a full academic year. 
Upperclass students are encouraged to take ad- 
vantage of programs and facilities not available 
at Eckerd through off-campus programs. It is pos- 
sible to participate in group projects with a fac- 
ulty leader or to contract independent studies of 
the student's own design. During winter term 
Oanuary), group projects such as an archaeologi- 
cal dig in the southwest, government operations 
in Washington, D. C, or urban problems in 
Chicago are possible. Independent projects for 
individual students have been undertaken in in- 
dustry, the Argonne Laboratories, marine re- 
search, and at an Indian reservation. The winter 
term, through cooperation with other schools 
having a similar calendar, provides for intensive 
projects on other campuses throughout the 
United States. 

The Off Campus Programs office assists students 
in making arrangements, preparing contracts, 
and providing information and ideas related to 
various choices. The subject of the project deter- 
mines the particular offcampus location. 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for quali- 
fied students to earn a semester of credit in an 
academic, scientific and practical experience lead- 
ing to a realistic understanding of the sea, spon- 
sored by the Sea Education Association, Inc. 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, Mas- 
sachusetts, receiving instruction in oceanography, 
nautical science and maritime studies. They then 
go to sea for the second half of the semester (the 
six-week sea component) for a practical labora- 
tory experience. For course descriptions see page 
98. Eckerd College tuition and scholarship aid 
can often be applied toward the cost of Sea Se- 
mester and additional aid may be available from 
S.E.A. For more information, contact the Office 
of International Education and Off-Campus Pro- 


Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students 
to enrich their education abroad (see Interna- 
tional Education page 12) one need go no fur- 
ther than the campus itself to experience a truly 
cosmopolitan environment. The Multicultural 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 
55 different nations to pursue a variety of stud- 
ies here. There are two distinct groups of inter- 
national students at Eckerd College: those who 
study in the ELS Language Center and those who 
are degree seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to-face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in class- 
room and other settings. The breadth of this ex- 
perience is celebrated annually during the Festi- 
val of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment and 
ethnic delicacies from around the world. 


A liberal education should not he considered sepa- 
rate from the economic, social and political re- 
alities of life. With increasing insistence, employ- 
ers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range plans. 
Further, they stress the value of a solid liberal 
arts background for business or professional ca- 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Career Services Program offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group di- 
agnostic career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences of observation either 
with a professional person or in a special social 
environment; paid work experiences related to 
current academic studies and long-range career 
goals; discipline internships such as human de- 
velopment, international relations, or manage- 
ment; and placement services to assist you in find- 
ing part-time and summer employment while in 


school, but primarily to enable you to select ei- 
ther the appropriate post-graduate education or 
the vocational career that fits your personal apti- 
tudes, desires, and objectives. 


The summer term is an eight-week term consisting 
of two four-week sessions. Courses are available 
in June (Session A), July (Session B), and through 
the full eight-week summer term. A preliminary 
announcement of courses and fees is published 
in April. Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and 
students enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for admis- 
sion. High school students who have completed 
their Sophomore year and present evidence (usu- 
ally a transcript and a recommendation from a 
principal or counselor) of their ability to do in- 
troductory level college work, are eligible for ad- 
mission with a scholarship which covers 50 per 
cent of the regular tuition. Students entering Eck- 
erd in the summer with the intention of becom- 
ing degree candidates must make formal applica- 
tion for admission to the Dean of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed dur- 
ing the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional information about summer term 
courses may be obtained from the Summer 
School office. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is 
a degree-completion program designed specifi- 
cally for adult learners who are strongly moti- 
vated, yet have career or personal obligations 
which keep them from enrolling in a more tradi- 
tional degree program. Because of the flexible 
and personal nature of the program, most stu- 
dents are able to continue working full-time while 
pursuing the bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning is 
not necessarily limited to a formal classroom set- 
ting. Credit may be awarded when experiential 
learning is comparable to academic coursework, 
relevant to academic goals, and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for suc- 
cess in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1 . Applicants must be at least 25 years of age. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for "C" 
or better grades will be awarded when 
coursework is appropriate for a liberal arts 
and sciences education and is relevant to ca- 
reer goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, in- 
cluding an essay, and demonstrate goals con- 
sistent with program objectives and the abil- 
ity and motivation to benefit from the pro- 

4. Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning and Vocation 
course with a "C" or better grade. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Bachelor's degree requires successful comple- 
tion of a minimum of 36 courses. Students may 
meet degree requirements through transfer credit, 
experiential learning, formal courses, directed or 
independent study, tutorials, travel/study pro- 
grams and residential program courses. PEL of- 
fers courses in St. Petersburg, North Pinellas 
County, Tampa and Sarasota. 

Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of 
Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same de- 
grees conferred in the residential program. Stu- 
dents pursue a variety of majors or con- 
centrations, including business management, 
human development, organizational studies, 
American studies, interdisciplinary humanities, 
and others. The degree preserves the basic fea- 
tures of the Eckerd College program by empha- 
sizing the liberal arts as part of each student's 
education, but also recognizes the importance of 
relating general knowledge to special career con- 
cerns. A Certificate in Management is available 
to students who combine a major in a traditional 
liberal arts discipline with a series of manage- 
ment courses. 


Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to quali- 
fied students, including the Pell Grant, Florida 
Tuition Voucher, Federally Insured Student 
Loans and VA benefits. 

Another popular form of financial assistance is 
through tuition reimbursen^ent programs spon- 
sored by private corporations and government 
agencies. Many PEL students have found that 
their employers are very cooperative in helping 
to meet their college expenses. 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, ad- 
missions requirements, and the Program for Ex- 
perienced Learners may be obtained by writing: 
Program for Experienced Learners, Eckerd Col- 
lege, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
FL 33711. Or call: (813) 864-8226. 



The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College (ASPEC) is an integral unit of the col- 
lege devoted to the promotion of 
intergenerational learning, scholarly activity, 
writing, study, and the development of individual 
or group projects of importance to members, to 
the college, and to the community. 

ASPEC is a unique organization composed of a 
group of mature men and women who have had 
distinguished careers in education, religion, busi- 
ness, the arts and sciences, government service, 
the armed forces, medicine, dentistry, law, archi- 
tecture, social services and similar professional 
endeavors. By means of publications, lectures, 
coUoquia, convocations, and the like, members 
continue to share and to contribute to human 
knowledge. Through frequent association with 
faculty members and with students, members 
contribute their knowledge and experience, and 
receive in return fresh viewpoints and ideas. 
Some ASPEC members participate as resource 
persons in the classroom on the invitation of fac- 
ulty members. 

ASPEC is designed for those who wish, during 
their retirement, to expand their intellectual 
horizons, enrich their cultural experiences, make 
constructive contributions to society, or pursue 
their own interests in association with congenial 
colleagues within the multigenerational educa- 
tional community of Eckerd College. 

Some members live in housing units in College 
Harbor, the retirement center on the college cam- 
pus. Others reside within commuting distance 
of the campus. Inquiries should be addressed to: 
Director, Academy of Senior Professionals, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33711. 



In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a stu- 
dent must spend at least four semesters and two 
short terms, including the Senior year, in the col- 
lege or in an approved offcampus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemp- 
tion from or a modification of an all-college re- 
quirement may petition the Dean of Faculty us- 
ing forms available in the Office of the Registrar. 

Petitions must include detailed reasons for the 
request, and receive prior approval from the 
student's Mentor and coUegial chairperson. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of 
the Dean of Faculty, the following requirements 
must be fulfilled by all students in order to qualify 
for formal recommendation by the faculty for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of a minimum 
of 32 courses, plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and a winter term project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 courses. 

b.The winter term project in the Senior year 
normally consists of the preparation for 
comprehensive examinations, theses or 

2. Writing Competency: students must submit 
a portfolio of their own compositions to be 
evaluated. Specifications for the contents of 
the portfolios are available from the Direc- 
tor of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are es- 
says, reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit their portfolio for evaluation before 
the second semester of the Junior year. 

Students may not register for senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations with- 
out having received writing competency for 
their portfolio. 

Composition courses and the Writing Cen- 
ter provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; students whose port- 
folios are judged inadequate must take a com- 
position course before resubmitting their 

Since portfolio evaluation is conducted only 
twice each year, students are strongly urged 
to consult with their Mentors and the Writ- 
ing Center staff well before the March and 
October deadlines, and to submit their port- 
folios before completing eighteen course cred- 

3. Computation (normally in the Freshman 
year): one college level mathematics, com- 
puter science, formal logic or statistics course, 


or one course that uses the computer as a 
major learning tool, designated by an M fol- 
lowing the course number. Competency may 
also be satisfied by passing an appropriate 
proficiency examination administered by the 

4. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the col- 
lege level, or the equivalent as demonstrated 
by a college administered proficiency exami- 
nation or the equivalent as determined by 
the language faculty. 

5. Western Heritage I and II, WHF 181 and 
182. Students for whom English is a sec- 
ond language and who have not resided in 
the mainland U.S. for more than two years 
may substitute WHF 183C U.S. Area 
Studies for Western Heritage 1, which shall 
also fulfill the requirement for a course 
within the Cross-Cult ural Perspective. There 
is a special section of Western Heritage 11 
for international students. 

6. Four courses (normally in the Sophomore 
and Junior years), one each from a list of 
options in the following four areas: the Aes- 
thetic Perspective, the Cross-Cultural 
Perspective, the Environmental Perspec' 
tive, the Social Relations Perspective, dis- 
tributed over four different upper division 
Collegia. A term of study abroad also ful- 
fills the Cross-Cultural Perspective. Courses 
fulfilling these requirements are indicated 
by the appropriate letter following the num- 
ber. See the course descriptions for a listing 
of these courses. 

7 . One course in the Senior year in the Judaeo- 
Christian Perspective. 

8. One Senior seminar within the collegium of 
the student's major focussing on the search 
for solutions to important issues that stu- 
dents are likely to confront during their life- 
times, at the discretion of the disipline. 

9. The completion of a major (from the list of 
35 majors formally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved by three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the 
Registrar's office no later than fall semester 
of the Junior year. 

10. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, the- 
sis, or creative project in the major or area 

of concentration with a grade of C or better. 
(This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effec- 
tiveness of the college's academic programs). 

Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the course and 
all college requirements as outlined in sec- 
tions 1-10 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified by 
each discipline, including not more than one 
of the four required perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts de- 
gree by completing at least twelve but fewer than 
sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline, in- 
cluding not more than one of the four perspec- 
tive courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement 
for courses within the Collegium. Interested stu- 
dents should consult their Mentors for informa- 
tion on gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
Sophomores are considered exempt from West- 
ern Heritage, the computation and foreign lan- 
guage requirements. Students transferring as 
Juniors are also considered exempt from any two 
of the four Sophomore/Junior perspectives. 

More than 60 percent of entering freshmen (in- 
cluding athletes) eventually graduate from Eckerd 
College (based upon the 1 988-89 entering fresh- 
man class). For more information on graduation/ 
retention rates, please contact the Office of Ad- 



The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the pQrd Foun- 
dation, provides opportunity for 20 selected Jun- 
iors each year to participate in a two year en- 
hanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars, and to en- 
courage them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the Junior 
year in the history of ideas, and do optional re- 
search with their Faculty Sponsor during the 
summer. In the Senior year they work closely with 
the Faculty Sponsor in an enhanced major, and 
take a Senior CoUoquim. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. 

The new Galhraith Marine Science Labora- 
tory provides undergraduate students with 
research opportunities usually found at the 
graduate school level. 


The Honors program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study 
and research to students of outstanding ability. 
Selected students are brought together for close 
interaction and advanced work, such studies re- 
ceiving permanent recognition on the students' 

A special brochure is available from the Dean of 
Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special ses- 
sions of the college's two Freshman core courses, 
Western Heritage I and II, for which an extra 
course credit is awarded. The second and third 
years of the Honors program center around Hon- 
ors courses in four areas or perspectives, these 
being the Aesthetic, the Cross-Cviltural, the En- 
vironmental, and the Social Relations Perspec- 
tives. Seniors in the Honors program participate 
in a colloquium in which they present their Se- 
nior thesis research, creative projects, or their 
work for comprehensive examinations. 

Students who wish to be considered for the Hon- 
ors program in the Freshman year must file an 
acceptable application for admission to Eckerd 
College by February 15. In addition, interested 
students must file an application for the Presi- 
dential Scholarship competition by March 1 . The 
students selected as Presidential Scholars will be 
the group invited to the Freshman Honors pro- 
gram. Presidential Scholars are chosen by a com- 
mittee of faculty and students on the basis of 
high school academic records, personal essays, 
teacher recommendations, standardized test 
scores, and evidence of leadership and service to 
others. Interested students are encouraged to 
write the Dean of Admissions for additional in- 

New transfer students and students already en- 
rolled in the college, including students who may 
have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors pro- 
gram earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper lev- 
els. Students who are interested in making appli- 
cation to the Honors program after they are en- 
rolled in the college should contact the Director 
of the Honors Program. 


On campus with visiting professor and Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel 


The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 
3.0 average in German courses and 2.5 overall; 
new members must be elected unanimously. The 
Society meets monthly, sponsors German related 
events, off campus speakers and a weekly kaffee 
klatch for all German students. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses. The 
Society recognizes the accomplishments of eco- 
nomics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing with 
high grade point average, selected on the basis 
of exemplary character, responsible leadership 
and service in campus life. The purpose is to 
encourage good campus citizenship by recogniz- 
ing significant achievement in the various aspects 
of college life. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at lest two years of mathematics 
including Calculus I and II with at least a B aver- 
age. The purpose is to promote scholarly activity 
in mathematics among students in academic in- 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, of 
college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Span- 
ish courses, and rank in upper 35 percent of class 
with a minimum of 2.75. The purpose is to pro- 
mote scholarly activity in Spanish among students 
in academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scien- 
tific research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presen- 
tation at a scientific meeting, or a senior theses. 
The purpose is to advance scientific research, 
encourage interdisciplinary cooperation, and as- 
sist the wider understanding of science. 



At Eckerd College efforts are made to tailor pro- 
grams of study to the particular needs and inter- 
ests of individual students. To help guide stu- 
dents with the selection of courses, the faculty 
has approved a number of disciplinary and inter- 
disciplinary majors. 

Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course description 
section of this catalog. Students desiring more 
specific information about major programs 
should consult their Mentors, coUegial chairper- 
sons and discipline coordinators. A list of the 
faculty-approved majors follows. 

American Studies 

Comparative Literature 
Computer Science 
Creative Writing 
Environmental Studies 


Human Development 
International Business 
International Studies 
International Relations 
and Global Affairs 



Marine Science 


Modern Languages 





Political Science 
Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 
Women's and 

Gender Studies 

A major must require at least eight but no more 
than 12 courses in one discipline, and no more 
than 1 6 courses altogether. 

Students desiring to design their own programs 
of study are encouraged to develop an individ- 
ualized area of concentration in cooperation with 

their Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately be approved and have identified with 
it a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must be filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the Junior year. 



Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study projects, 
directed study programs, academic work certified 
by another accredited degree-granting institution, 
and proficiency demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn term in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent 
study by students who exhibit both the self-dis- 
cipline and mastery of the methodologies de- 
manded by the subject matter selected by the 
student. An independent study project is de- 
signed by a student in consultation with the pro- 
fessor who is to supervise and evaluate the work. 
An academic contract, drawn in advance, speci- 
fies the subject and method of inquiry, the texts, 
the purpose of the project, and the basis of evalu- 
ation and credit. Each contract must be approved 
by the Director of Independent Study. Indepen- 
dent study options are available for both on and 
off-campus opportunities. Freshmen are not per- 
mitted to take off campus independent studies. 
Independent study forms are available from the 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instruc- 
tor and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in di- 
rected study the instructor is responsible for sup- 
plying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from the Reg- 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. 
A student entering Eckerd College should request 
that a transcript of work done in other institu- 
tions be sent to the Registrar. When the tran- 
script has been evaluated, the applicant is noti- 
fied of the credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd 
College students who wish to enroll for part of 
their programs at other institutions should have 
the approval in advance of their Mentors, appro- 
priate discipline faculty, and the Registrar. For 
more information on transfer credit, please see 
page 116. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate examina- 
tions. College Level Examination Programs are 
recognized for both advanced placement and aca- 
demic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
see page 117. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a stu- 
dent's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may 
be accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course 
or independent study project. 


^. p 


The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). All courses in which a grade of C or higher 
has been earned shall count toward fulfilling 
degree requirements. A course in which a D grade 
is earned may fulfill degree requirements only 
when a grade of B or higher is earned in another 
full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all 
course requirements are not complete by the end 
of the term and that, in the judgment of the in- 
structor, extension of deadline is appropriate. 
Unless an earlier deadline is set by the instructor, 
a student will have thirty days into the next regu- 
lar semester to complete the required work. If 
the work is not completed by that time, or the 
shorter deadline imposed by the instructor, the 
Incomplete will automatically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before 
the end of the eighth week of a semester, a grade 
of W is recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that 
point, a grade of F is recorded. A W that results 
from an involuntary withdrawal must be validated 
with the Registrar at the time of withdrawal or 
as soon thereafter as possible. 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is available 
in each course/project for students who are at 
least second semester Freshmen. Students desir- 
ing this grading option must petition for the ap- 
proval of the course instructor, the Mentor, and 
the Dean of Faculty. Petitions must be submitted 
prior to the beginning of a semester or term. 
Grades of Credit and No Credit cannot be sub- 
sequently changed to letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered 
on the official record of the college. Grades of F 
will not be removed from the transcript. A nota- 
tion will be recorded on the transcript of any 
substitute grade earned. Students may not repeat 
a course for credit unless they receive a D, need 
to repeat the course in order to progress in se- 
quence, and have the approval of the instructor 
and academic dean. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is 
no college-wide attendance requirement, but in- 
dividual instructors may impose attendance re- 
quirements in particular courses. 




Normal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each semester and a 
short term each year with grades of C or better. 


At the close of each semester the Academic Re- 
view Committee reviews the progress of every 
student who fails a course, receives a voluntary 
withdrawal (referred to hereafter by W), has more 
D than grades of B or better, is on academic pro- 
bation, or is otherwise identified as not making 
satisfactory academic progress. Mentors, instruc- 
tors and student personnel staff may be consulted. 
The Committee may place on probation or dis- 
miss any student who in its judgment is not mak- 
ing satisfactory academic progress. In making 
such judgments the Committee is guided by the 
following standards and notifies the Financial Aid 
office of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results 
in falling behind normal progress by two to five 
courses, or one more D than B or better grades, 
is placed on academic probation. 

Students placed on academic probation are noti- 
fied of this action by the Academic Review Com- 
mittee and advised of how to remove the proba- 
tionary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have no 
more than two F or W grades in their first se- 
mester and must have at least one C or better in 
order to enroll for a second semester. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by six courses, or 
four more D than B or better grades, in addition 
to being placed on probation, will be notified 
that he or she is subject to dismissal for any addi- 
tional F, D or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 




A student placed on probation or subject to dis- 
missal as a result of F and W grades for a second 
consecutive semester, or as a result of D grades 
for a fourth consecutive semester, is suspended 
from participation in college sponsored extra- 
curricular activities, and the directors of the ac- 
tivities notified, so that the student may devote 
full time to study. 


Probationary status remains in effect until the 
student completes four courses in Eckerd Col- 
lege in one semester with C or better grades and 
the overall number of B or better grades at least 
equals the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results 
in falling behind normal progress by seven 
courses or more, or five or more D than B or 
better grades, is dismissed for at least one semes- 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are no- 
tified in advance of the next regular semester by 
the Academic Review Committee. This notice 
also advises the student whether and, if so, when 
and how to be considered for readmission. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a stu- 
dent should write to the Dean of Students, who 
shall obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty 
as chair of the Academic Review Committee be- 
fore authorizing readmission. 


A student who is readmitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for aca- 
demic reasons shall be admitted on probation, 
but is dismissed again if he or she accumulates 
an additional two F grades, or a combination of 
F and W grades that results in falling behind 
normal progress by more than two courses, or 
three more D than B or better grades. 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better grades 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is offi- 
cial only upon the completion of the withdrawal 
form available in the Registrar's office. Requests 
for readmission following withdrawal should be 
sent to the Dean of Students. Students may with- 
draw to enroll in another college for courses not 
available here but important to the student's to- 
tal program. Such courses may be transferred 
upon the student's return, but must be approved 
in advance by the Mentor, discipline faculty and 
Registrar. Students requesting a withdrawal 
should consult with the Registrar. 


The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a grade 
point average of 3.75. Students with incomplete 
grades at the time of publication are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with honors to 
a few students in each graduating class. The cri- 
teria and designation for graduation with Hon- 
ors are: High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or 
above; Honors - 3.6 to 3.7 grade point average 
for courses taken at Eckerd College. To be eli- 
gible for Honors a student must have completed 
at least 18 Eckerd College courses. Students 
graduating with fewer than 18 Eckerd College 
course credits with a grade point average of 3.66 
or above, will graduate with the designation of 


Registration dates are listed in the calendar at 
the back of this catalog. Upon completion of pro- 
cedures as outlined in registration materials, the 
student's registration is approved by the business 
office and the Registrar. Students who preregis- 
ter late will be charged a $30 fee. Proof of pay- 
ment must accompany the registration. 

All courses for which the student wishes to reg- 
ister for credit must be listed on the official regis- 
tration form. The student is responsible for 
every course listed and can receive no credit 
for courses not listed on this form. After reg' 
istration day, official changes in registration 
may be made only through official drop/add 
cards approved by the instructors whose 
courses are involved. Unless a course is offi- 
cially dropped, a grade of F will be incurred if 
the student fails to meet the obligations of the 
course. No course may be added after the drop/ 
add deadlines which are printed in the calendar 
in the back of this catalog. 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission 
of the instructor. Part-time students or students 
not registered for credit may attend courses as 
auditors subject to formal permission of the in- 
structor and payment of an auditor's fee of $405. 
Entry is made on the student's permanent record 
concerning audited classes. A course taken for 
audit may be changed to credit with the 
instructor's permission, if the change is filed with 
the Registrar by the end of the eighth week of a 



Eckerd College accords all of its students their 
full rights under the Family Educational Rights 
and Privacy Act of 1974, as amended. This Act 
provides that the institution will maintain the 
confidentiality of student education records. It 
establishes the right of students to inspect and 
review their education records, and provides 
guidelines for the correction of inaccurate or mis- 
leading data through formal and informal hear- 

No one outside Eckerd College shall have access 
to nor will the college disclose any information 
from students' education records without the 
written consent of students except to personnel 
within the institutions in which students seek to 
enroll, to persons or organizations providing stu- 
dents financial aid, to accrediting agencies carry- 
ing out their accreditation function, to persons 
in compliance with a judicial order, and to per- 
sons in an emergency in order to protect the 
health and safety of students or other persons. 

Within the Eckerd College community, only 
those members individually or collectively, act- 
ing in the students' educational interests with a 
demonstrated need to know are allowed access 

to student education records. Information may 
be released to parents of students since Eckerd 
College considers all students as "dependent" 
unless they specifically inform the college within 
a reasonable period of time that they consider 
themselves to be "independent" and so prove that 
status with a certified copy of the parents most 
recent Federal Income Tax form. 

Eckerd College may, at its discretion, provide 
Directory Information to anyone requesting it in 
accordance with the provisions of the Act, to 
include: student name, address, telephone num- 
ber, date and place of birth, major field of study, 
dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, 
the most recent previous educational agency or 
institution attended by the student, participation 
in officially recognized activities and sports, and 
weight and height of members of athletic teams. 
Students may request that Directory Information 
be withheld by notifying the Registrar in writing 
by the end of add/drop period of the fall semes- 
ter. Request for nondisclosure will be honored 
by the institution for one academic year only; 
therefore, authorization to withhold Directory 
Information must be filed annually in the Office 
of the Registrar. 




(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

1. The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

2. The third letter indicates the collegium. A- 
Creative Arts; L'Letters; C-Comparative 
Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural 
Sciences; F-Foundations; I-International 
(offered abroad). 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
collegial designations: CRA-Creative Arts, 
BEB-Behavioral Science, CUC'Comparative 
Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN-Natural 
Sciences, FDF-Foundations, INI-a course 
offered abroad, and JCP indicates Judaeo- 
Christian Perspective. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 

course at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 
3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or 
Senior level. 

5. The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331'332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by a letter 
after the third digit: A-Aesthetic, C'Cross- 
Cultural, E-Environmental, S-Social 
Relations. Courses which meet the 
computation requirement are indicated by M 
after the digits. 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different collegia. 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts 
are negotiated between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract forms 
are available in the Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced 
Learners only. Please consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor consists of five 
courses from a single major, to be determined by the faculty in charge of the major. A minor may 
be earned only in those courses in which a major exists. 



Courses in this perspective are designed to pro- 
vide an introduction to a major area of artistic 
endeavor. Whether in creative expression or aes- 
thetic appreciation, all focus on providing stu- 
dents with the ability to make informed value 
judgments in the artistic area under consider- 

AHL 101 A Introduction to Art History to 

AHL 102A Introduction to Art History: 
1400 to Present 

AHL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

AHL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 

For descriptions see Art History. 

ARA 3 29 A The Art Experience 
For description see Art. 

ARI 321 A British Painting 1760 -1960 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, archi- 
tecture, dance, and film correlated with the his- 
tory of Western civilization for a deeper under- 
standing and appreciation of the arts of the West- 
ern world. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Immersion in the performing and visual arts of 
the Tampa Bay area, and an exploration of the 
creative process from the perspective of artist, 
performer, and audience. Field trips. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

Moral, ethical and religious questions in work- 
ing life, as seen in the novel. Discussion of the 
books with practitioners of the professions. 

CRA 203A Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social 
and economic uses it serves in different cultures. 
Visits to museums and performances. 

CRA 225A Music and Architecture 

Fundamentals of art criticism applied to various 
"multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theories ex- 
tracted. Freshmen discouraged from enrolling. 

CRA 3 84 A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1 935 to the present. Works by women 
in dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, photog- 
raphy, etc. Offered alternate years. 

HIC 341 A Cukural History of Russia 

For description see History. 

KSA 201 A Models, Myths, and Music 

Transformation, conflict, status quo: are these 
perhaps the phenomena which underlie all myths, 
all models of the universe in their abstract or 
concrete expressions, all the important musical 
forms? This is the question to be addressed fo- 
cusing on primary texts in natural science, litera- 
ture and music. 

KSA 202A Autobiography, Memory, and 

Autobiography as recalled experience, and the 
continuities and discontinuities between recalled 
experience and the self. Enter into conversations 
with great artists, writers, and thinkers through 

close readings of the texts. How identity is formed 
and the varied forces which shape and give mean- 
ing to life such as family, education, religion, 
apprenticeships, and sense of place. Compare pat- 
terns of the lives read with your own life. 

KSL 206A Truth and Narrative 

The relationship of truth to the medium of nar- 
rative. Is it possible to tell the truth? How would 
one know? What criteria are used in judging one 
story true and another "false?" Do criteria for 
scientific narratives differ from those for histo- 
riographic, religious, or literary narratives? Schol- 
arly exchange of ideas in intellectual discussion, 
reasoned argumentation, clear well thought out 

KSL 207A The Decisive Moment: Self, 
Myth, and Imagination 

Explore the development of the hero against a 
background of myth in a variety of works, read- 
ing chronologically and concluding with Lessing's 
speculative novel which bridges the real and tran- 
scendent worlds. Marriage Between Zones Three 
Four and Five, bringing the discussion to full circle 
from the mythic bridges between worlds of ad- 
venture and reality in The Odyssey. Develop an 
understanding of how we grow and evolve, and 
how myth and religion work for us in an evolv- 
ing world. 

KSN 202A Quid est Veritas? Reflections 
on Reality 

Basic epistemological questions such as the rela- 
tion between knower and known, the certainty 
of human knowledge, using writing of philoso- 
phers, scientists, and artists. Differing view such 
as skepticism, rationalism, empiricism. 
Kantianism, existentialism, seminal thinkers from 
Plato to Heidegger. Reflections of scientists on 
science and reality in works ranging from 
Descartes to Heisenberg. Influences of prevail- 
ing philosophies on art and literature using the 
works of Raphael, the Expressionists, Eliot, and 

LIL 205A Woman as Metaphor 

LIL 206A Men and Women in Literature 

LIL 210A Human Experience in 

LIA/L 226A Literary Genres: Short 


American Studies 

LIA 228A The American Short Story: 
Fiction into Film 

LIA 241 A Major American Novels 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native 
American Literature 

LIL 25 2 A AfrO' American Literary 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel 

LIL/REL 342A The Art of Biblical 

LIL 3 49 A Fiction from Around the 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

LIA 3 80 A Images of the Goddess 

LIA 382A Contemporary American 

For descriptions see Literature. 

LTR 300A The Ancient Greek World 
Through Literature 

Greek attitudes and aesthetics revealed through 
poetry, drama, prose, art and archaeology using 
readings, slides, and artifacts. 

LTR 301A A Nation of Poets and 
Thinkers: Art and Philosophy in Modern 
German Culture 

Art and philosophy in German culture from the 
classical period of Hegel and Goethe to the 
present. Interrelationship between art and think- 
ing. Prerequisite: at least one course in history, 
literature or philosophy, or permission of instruc- 

MUA 120A The Well-Tempered Listener 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music 

MUA 3 26 A American Music and Values 
For descriptions see Music. 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 

PLL 263 A Aesthetics 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

RELA^IL 342A The Art of Biblical 

For description see Religious Studies. 

SPC 301 A Survey of Spanish Literature 

SPC 302A Survey of Spanish American 


For descriptions see Modern Languages, 


THA 102 A The Living Theatre 

THA 261 A Video Practicum 

THA 265A CAD: Applications for the 

THA/LIA 3 62 A Film and Literature 

For descriptions see Theatre. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

For description see International Education, 

London Offerings. 

WWA 302A Rhetoric of Film 
For description see Creative Writing. 


A broad, interdisciplinary major in American civi- 
lization built around the core disciplines of his- 
tory, political science, and literature. The pro- 
gram may also include courses in such fields as 
philosophy, religion, art, economics, and sociol- 
ogy. The student's program, developed in con- 
sultation with the Mentor and supervised by a 
three-member faculty committee, should form a 
consistent pattern of courses in American cul- 
ture and institutions. 

Students who complete the American studies 
major demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of American history, institutions, 
and culture, within an interdisciplinary per- 
spective, demonstrated by the ability to talk 
and write intelligently about these fields. 

— ability to define and evaluate the myths and 
values of American culture. 

— knowledge of the development of the field of 
American studies as an academic discipline. 

— understanding of some of the characteristic 
methodologies of the field of American stud- 

— understanding of a sub-field in American stud- 
ies (e.g., American history, American litera- 
ture, American government, minorities stud- 
ies) and how it relates to the larger field of 
American studies. An understanding of how 
the study of the sub-field is enriched by the 


American Studies 

interdisciplinary approach of American stud- 

— ability to relate together the various courses 
and approaches that have been taken as a part 
of the major program, and to defend the in- 
terdisciplinary approach to the study of 

— familiarity with some of the classic works in 
American studies that relate the fields of 
American literature and history and the abil- 
ity to evaluate the author's methodology. 

— demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methodology and interpretation 
of American studies. 

The program includes a minimum often courses, 
with at least five from one discipline. Six of the 
ten courses must be beyond the introductory 
level. One of the seminars listed below, which 
also meet the Social Perspective course require- 
ment, should be included in the major. 

AML 3068 American Myths, American 

Myths in American history, literature, and reli- 
gion which shape Americans' understanding of 
their identity and history. 

AML 3078 Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries, and Reformers 
(Directed Study available) 

Reform and radical ideology of the 19th and 20th 
centuries. Populism, progressivism; nationalist, 
civil rights, peace, feminist, environmental move- 

AML 3088 Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 
(Directed Study available) 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be 
male or female in the U.S. Historical origins and 
sources of values concerning masculinity and 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in 
American Studies 

Integrating, capstone course for American stud- 
ies majors. Develop an understanding of the field 
as an academic discipline and the relationship 
between the various disciplines that make up the 


Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity, human origins, lin- 
guistics, and the application of knowledge to cur- 
rent social problems. 

Those completing the anthropology major dem- 
onstrate the ability to: 

— define and discuss the differences between the 
biological and the cultural aspects of human- 
kind, and the interdependence of these two 

— conduct literature research and engage in schol- 
arly writing that is logically cohesive and prop- 
erly documented. 

— explain the concept of cultural relativity and 
discuss the implications for intercultural rela- 
tions. ' 

— distinguish arguments or positions based on 
sound data and logically reasoned, from those 
which lack sound supporting data and/or rest 
on questionable assumptions. 

— knowledge and experience in the fundamen- 
tals of empirical research, including anthro- 
pological methods and techniques of gather- 
ing data, data analysis, and the writing of a 
research report. 

— familiarity with a variety of topical, regional 
and applied fields of inquiry. 

— preparedness for graduate programs in the 
field of anthropology and in related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major include successful 
completion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthro- 
pological Theory, Physical Anthropology, Statis- 
tical Methods, Linguistics or Field Archaeology, 
plus completion of five other courses in anthro- 
pology, two of which must be applied courses, 
and an oral comprehensive examination, with a 
C or better in all courses. In addition, anthro- 
pology majors must participate in at least one 
overseas study experience during their time at 
Eckerd College, ideally in a non-Western culture. 
Exceptions can be made only after consultation 
with the anthropology faculty. 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in 
the Freshman year or as the foundation course 
on which the succeeding courses are built, and 



all other anthropology courses, with the excep- 
tion of Introduction to Anthropological Research 
Methodology and Anthropological Theory, 
which are taken in the Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses 
in anthropology. 

ANC 201 Introduction to Anthropology 

Explore such areas as language, ecology, economy 
and exchange, domestic organization and kinship, 
political organization, stratification in societies, 
religion, sex roles, as applied to anthropology. 

ANC 202 Introduction to Field 

Participation in a field experience. Prerequisite: 
ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 203C Cultures of the Middle East 
Islamic cultures and changes that have taken place 
through contact with the West. Environment, 
religion, social organizations, rural and urban 
factors, status of women, development of nation- 

ANC 205 Introduction to Primate 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, 
social relationships, communication, intelligence 
of primates; conservation and biomedical re- 
search. Observation techniques through field 
project. Prerequisites: ANC 201 and/or 240; bi- 
ology majors with permission of instructor. 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 
Family, child-raising, position of women; nurser- 
ies, schools, clinics; Revolutionary Committees. 
China's politics since the death of Mao. 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 
Overview of human sexuality, including cross- 
cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range of 
sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by hu- 
mans, to help put one's own sexuality in per- 

ANCA^IA 230 Linguistics 

The scientific study of language and its context: 
the elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and 

ANC 240 Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the 
study of homo sapiens: evolutionary theory, pri- 
mate behavior, fossil evidence, human adaptation, 
sociobiology, and aggression. 

ANC 282C East Asian Area Studies 
Examination of the more enduring features of 
China and Japan, through art, architecture, lit- 
erature, customs, religious beliefs and intellec- 
tual traditions. Prerequisite: Sophomore stand- 

ANC 285 C Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

ANCABC/MNB 260 The Cultural 
Environment of International Business 

Challenge of conducting business operations suc- 
cessfully in a cultural environment distinct form 
one's own. 

ANCABC/MNB 261 International 

Management practices in Taiwan, Japan, North 
America, Europe, China, Africa, Latin America. 
Based on Harvard Case Studies involving Ameri- 
can corporations in foreign cultures. Solve cross- 
cultural management problems. 

ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan 

Africa's geography, topography and cultural pat- 
terns: politics, economics, language, adaptation. 
Comparisons of cultural heritages for selected so- 

ANC 305S Culture and Personality 

Major theoretical and conceptual tools utilized 
by anthropologists in the study of personality in 
culture; data-gathering techniques. Offered ev- 
ery third year. 

ANC 333 Introduction to 
Anthropological Research Methodology 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environment and cultural 




ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 
Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non-as- 
similation of minorities, intercultural understand- 
ing, communication and interaction. 

ANC 337 Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in formal and nonformal education in 
the Third World and in minority groups. Meth- 
ods of conducting ethnological fieldwork in edu- 
cation. Major trends in role of education in de- 
velopment. Prerequisite: ANC 201. 

ANC 338 Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society. Fieldwork in local churches. Prerequisite: 
ANC 201 (exceptions made for religion and other 
interested majors). 

ANC 339 Developmental Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, agri- 
cultural development, role of cultural factors such 
as economic decision-making, risk-taking, gender 
roles. Prerequisite: Sophomore or better or per- 
mission of instructor. ANC 201 recommended. 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, gen- 
der, family, education, corporate, xenophobia, 
prejudice. Methods of resolution such as third 
party, negotiation, mediation, arbitration. Prereq- 
uisite: Sophomore or better or permission of in- 
structor. ANC 201 recommended. 

ANC 350 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to Museum Work 

Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and construct- 
ing an exhibit based on research. Minimum 1 20 
hours. Prerequisite: at least one anthropology 
course and consent of instructor. 

ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar for anthropology majors. Schools 
of thought on evolution, diversity, diffusionism, 
culture and personality. 


The visual arts major is process and project ori- 
ented. Students develop their own area of em- 
phasis, focusing on imagery and content through 
their chosen media. The major should be seen as 
the central part of the student's education, with 
other college requirements and electives serving 
to shape the young artist as a whole person. 

Specific focus and courses for the major are 
worked out with a visual arts Mentor. Every pro- 
gram must consist of a minimum of ten studio 
courses, including ARA 101,102, and 320, plus 
two approved courses in art history from out- 
side the discipline. Every student must pass the 
required Sophomore show review in the catego- 
ries of drawing and design before undertaking 
the Senior thesis exhibition. The Senior thesis 
exhibition is required of all majors for gradua- 
tion, and must demonstrate technical competence 
and a developed artistic vision, the ability to work 
in a sustained way with a visual problem or prob- 
lems, and to organize gallery space coherently. A 
required Senior seminar in the final semester 
concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 

A student transferring from another college at 
the Junior level and electing to major in art must 
submit a portfolio of work demonstrating com- 
petency in drawing and design as a substitute for 
the required Sophomore show. Students unpre- 
pared to submit a portfolio or who do not dem- 
onstrate competency in both areas may not ex- 
pect to graduate in two years with a major in 
visual arts. 

The normal four year program moves from struc- 
tured courses, to greater freedom, to the inde- 
pendently executed Senior thesis show. 


Visual Problem Solving 
Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 


Choice of workshop courses 
Sophomore show 
Art History 


Art History 

Choice of workshop courses 

Studio Critique 




Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 

An art minor consists of AR A 1 01 ,1 02, and one 
approved course in art history, plus three other 
studio courses approved by the art faculty for 
qualification for the minor. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal ap- 
proach to solutions, even within narrow, arbi- 
trarily prescribed bounds. 

ARA 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in 
new ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self 
discovery, and self-expression through varied 
drawing media, using as sources the figure, still- 
life, nature, and imagination. 

ARA 205 Calligraphy I 

The calligraphy styles of England, Europe and 
America. Introductory survey open to all stu- 
dents regardless of major. 

ARA 206 British Calligraphy 

Learning two British styles of alphabet letter 
forms. Weekly writing assignments and five fin- 
ished, formal examples of each style, matted or 
shrink-wrapped. Not open to Freshmen. 

ARA 207 American Calligraphy 

Learn to write in two American alphabet styles. 
Course-long journal, final five calligraphy works, 
matted or shrink-wrapped. Prerequisites: ARA 
101 and 102 and ARA 205 or 206. 

ARA 222 Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic ma- 
terials, handforming, recycling, glazing, firing. 
Laboratories with supervised working time and 
lectures on technical knowledge. 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

In-depth investigation of one of the oldest print 
mediums, using linoleum as the primary matrix 
to explore design and graphic imagery in both 
black and white and color. Prerequisite: ARA 101 
or 102. 

ARA 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and 
soft grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, 
embossing, and color printing. Experimentation 
and an imaginative approach is expected. Pre- 
requisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 227 Language of the Concrete: 
Magic, Mythology and Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with empha- 
sis on each student finding hisAier own imag- 
ery, exploring technical means. Any medium or 
combination allowed. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 

ARA 229 Photography as Image 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 
prerequisites, but the student should have access 
to a camera with adjustable aperture and shutter 

ARA 241 Intermediate Drawing 

A variety of traditional and non-traditional draw- 
ing media. Visit museums and galleries. Prereq- 
uisite: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 250 (Directed Study) History of the 

A survey of the history and development of the 
print medium, intended primarily for art students 
with some background in the graphic arts. Counts 
as one art history credit. 

ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Production of two-and three-dimensional objects 
and images, employing various materials, explor- 
ing the interface between painting and sculptur- 
ing. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 303 Oriental Art and Techniques 

Learn oriental art appreciation. Explore and prac- 
tice the forms, styles, techniques and materials 
of oriental art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisites: 
ARA 101 or 102 or permission of instructor by 
portfolio review. 



ARA 305 Design and Techniques of 

Fine letterpress printing through a studio course 
in the techniques of platen and cylinder press. 

ARA 306 Calligraphy II 

Further development of skills in one particular 
British or American alphabet, with its history and 
various uses. Prerequisite: ARA 206 or 207 and 
permission of instructor 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prereq- 
uisite: ARA 222 or permission of instructor. Of- 
fered alternate semesters. 

ARA 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through sur- 
face finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from 
prehistoric through contemporary use, with an 
overview of history. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 


ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in me- 
dia of the student's choice. Class used for review 
of work, field trips and discussion. Prerequisites: 
art majors only who have completed the Sopho- 
more show requirement. 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious 
work in various drawing media, developing a per- 
sonal mode of expression. Emphasis on experi- 
mentation with new materials and ideas. Must 
be capable of working independently. Prerequi- 
sites: ARA 101,102 and permission of instruc- 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography 

Intensive independent projects designed to en- 
courage imaginative examination of the local en- 
vironment Class critiques weekly. Evaluation on 
final portfolio of at least 20 finished mounted 
prints exhibiting technical excellence and creative 
insight. Prerequisite: ARA 229 and permission 
of instructor. 

ARA 325 Monoprinting 

Use etching press to explore ways of achieving 
single-impression images through use of oil, wa- 
tercolor and printing inks. Demonstrations, cri- 
tiques, individual supervision, culminating in 
exhibition at end of semester. Prerequisites: ARA 
101 and 102. 

ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 

ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in ARA 228. In- 
dividual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical ap- 
propriateness. Prerequisites: ARA 228 for 327; 
327 for 328. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and 
research on the life and times of that artist, and 
make a presentation on both the art works and 
the facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sophomores 
with instructor's permission. 

ARA 342 Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photogra- 
phy in advertising, publishing, mass media. For 
Juniors and Seniors; others by permission. 

ARA 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential of computer art. Become familiar with 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. 

ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interviews 
with artists, visits to off-campus art events, gradu- 
ate school concerns, larger art issues. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings, 
critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing 
shows. Personal, individual discussion time with 
instructor. Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 



ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) History of 
English Architecture 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics: 

Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 



AHL 101 A Introduction to Art History 
to 1400 

Survey of the history of art from the prehistoric 
period through Middle Ages. 

AHI 102 A Introduction to Art History: 
1400 to Present 

Development of Renaissance, mannerist, realis- 
tic, impression and post-impressionistic, modern- 
ist and postmodernist styles in painting, sculp- 
ture and architecture, related to the culture of 
the times in which they grew. 

AHL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

European painting from Cezanne through World 
War II. Analyzing and appreciating painting, lives 
and personalities of painters, schools of art, rela- 
tionship with events of period. Permission of in- 
structor required for Freshmen. Offered alternate 

AHL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art 
and Architecture 

Art and architecture of Medieval and Renaissance 
periods in western Europe and the character of 
the change in vision and artistic product. Films 
and slides. Permission of instructor required for 
Freshmen. Offered alternate years. 

ARI 321 A Art History: British Paintings 
For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure. 


BEB 160M Statistical Methods 

Quantitative techniques for data analysis in the 
behavioral sciences; univariate and bivariate de- 
scription, and inference. Credit will be given for 
only one of MAN 133 or BEB 160M, but not 


The biology major is designed to give a broad 
pre-professional background for students inter- 
ested in careers in biology, marine biology, bio- 
medical science, environment, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate 
basic knowledge in seven areas of the life sci- 
ences (invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, ge- 
netics, physiology and ecology). They learn how 
to develop experiments to test appropriate hy- 
potheses, use skills and laboratory techniques 
necessary for investigative research, gather and 
analyze data , and evaluate and synthesize infor- 
mation thus obtained. They gain an appreciation 
of the history of the life sciences and see their 
connection to study areas included in the biol- 
ogy major curriculum, and the relationship of 
information gained from a scientific perspective 
to values-oriented issues in their lives. Through 
this program, students also have the opportu- 
nity to improve and perfect their listening, writ- 
ing and speaking abilities. 

Students demonstrate achievement of the biol- 
ogy program by satisfactory completion of a Se- 
nior comprehensive or thesis exam, and ordinarily 
the following courses: Biodiversity I and II (or 
equivalent). Cell Biology, Genetics, Physiology, 
Ecology, and two acceptable electives. Each stu- 
dent must also satisfactorily complete Biology 
Seminar, and Organic Structure and Chemical 
Reactivity I and II. 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 
Students must meet the major and general edu- 
cation requirements (including prerequisites) by 
including in their program BIN 303, 304 (the 
"investigative" courses), MAN 131M, MAN 133 
or BEB 160M (calculus and statistics), CHN 111, 
112 and CHN 211, 212 (organic, inorganic and 
analytical chemistry), and PHN 241, 242 (phys- 
ics). Students participating in off-campus pro- 
grams may petition for alternatives to these speci- 



For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be 
taken in the Junior year to accommodate the early 
completion or prerequisite course in chemistry 
and mathematics. 

For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 
Students must meet the major and general edu- 
cation requirements in the context of a more di- 
verse program than that specified for the B.S. At 
least 12 (8 core biology courses, plus 4 more 
courses in the natural sciences and mathemat- 
ics) are required. BIN 305 and BIN 306 may be 
substituted for the "investigative courses." 

A possible sequence for the B.S. or B.A. degree 
in biology: 


Biodiversity I and II 

Calculus I for the B.S., a mathematics course 

for the B.A. 
Organic Structure and Chemical 

Reactivity I and II 
Statistics for the B.S. 


Cell Biology 

Inorganic Chemistry and Analytical 

Biology Elective 

Genetics with laboratory for the B.S., 

without for the B.A. 
Physics I and II 
Physiology with laboratory for the B.S., 

without for the B.A. 
Biology Seminar 



Advanced Biology course or 

Biochemistry I and II 
Senior Seminar 
Senior Comprehensive Examination or 


Students who major in biology may not also major 
in marine science (biology track). 

A minor requires five biology courses, not includ- 
ing more than two at the 100 level, perspective 
courses, or directed or independent studies. At 
least one of the five courses must be at the 300 or 
above level. 


BIN 100/101 Biodiversity I and II 

Survey of all living organisms, variability in struc- 
ture and function, environmental roles and evo- 
lutionary relationships. Provides solid foundation 
for organismic biology for beginning students. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, 
their place in the ecosystem and responses to 
environmental conditions. Vascular, non-vascu- 
lar marine, freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environ- 
ment. A survey of all plant groups will be in- 
cluded. Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 189 Marine Invertebrate 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, bio- 
logical functions and environmental interactions 
of animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, 
neo-Darwinian evolution and evolutionary fea- 
tures as seen in anatomy of aquatic and terres- 
trial chordates. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as 
the unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration and expenditure 
of energy by the cell. Prerequisites: CHN 111, 
112 and Sophomore standing. 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological tech- 
niques, isolation and identification of unknown 

BIN 250 (Directed Study) Exploration in 
Human Nutrition 

Available through summer term or Special Pro- 
grams only. Suitable for non-science majors. For 
students curious about their own nutritional 
needs, who may be confused by the many myths 
currently perpetuated in popular literature. 

BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: Junior or Se- 
nior standings. Corequisite: BIN 303 or 305 or 
permission of instructor. 


BIN/MSN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology and 
behavior of fishes. Laboratory includes field col- 
lecting, trips to local institutions, examination 
of anatomical features and systematic character- 
istics. Prerequisite: BIN 200, and Junior stand- 

BIN 303 Genetics: Investigative 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from his- 
torical perspective. Experimental approach em- 
phasized. Small lab groups participate in experi- 
mental design, and develop research skills in 
molecular biology. Prerequisite: CHN 111, 112, 
BIN 202 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: 
CHN 211. Marine science majors may substi- 
tute MSN 301 for CHN 221/2. 

BIN/MSN 304 Comparative Physiology: 

Physiological mechanisms of animals and gen- 
eral principles revealed through application of 
comparative methods. Creative project lab to de- 
velop research skills. Prerequisite: CHN 111,112, 
211, BIN 202, 303. 

BIN 305 Genetics: Interpretive 

See BIN 303. Library research project in place of 
investigative lab. Prerequisite: CHN 111, 112. 

BIN 306 Comparative Physiology: 

See BIN 304. Library research project or inde- 
pendent alternative in place of investigative lab. 
Corequisite: CHN 122. 

BIN 307 Ecology of Amphibians and 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through am- 
phibians and reptiles. Meets ecology requirement 
for biology, marine science and environmental 
science majors. Evaluation on three lab reports, 
and two written and one lab exam. 

BIN 310 Techniques in Electron 

Research techniques such as tissue preparation, 
sectioning with an ultramicrotome, filming ob- 
servations. Prerequisites: Junior standing, science 
major, permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

Marine mammal systematics, status, economic 
value, behavior, physiology, population dynam- 
ics, evolution, management. Prerequisite: BIN 
200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 350 (Directed Study) Human 

Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, reproduc- 
tive, excretory systems; metabolic integration. 
Suitable for biology majors off campus unable to 
take scheduled physiology courses. Prerequisites: 
CHN 122, BIN 202 and permission of instruc- 

BIN/MSN 402 Marine Ecology 

Selected aspects of marine systems. Prerequisites: 
BIN 301 or 307. 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 
Subjects investigated determined by student in- 
terest. Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188. 

BIN 407 Paleobotany 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips. Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188, at least Jun- 
ior standing and permission of instructor. 

BIN 408/410 Biology Seminar (2-year 

Topical concerns in biology especially those not 
fully explored in other areas of the biology cur- 
riculum. Junior, Senior biology majors participate 
for one course credit; Sophomores invited to 

BIN 420 Advanced Ecology and 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and con- 
duct a semester-long independent field research 
project on selected topic. Prerequisites: B or bet- 
ter in BIN 301 and permission of instructor. 

BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of ge- 
netics. Gene regulation, oncogenes, immunoge- 
netics, genetic engineering, human genetics. Bio- 
logical and social implications. Prerequisite: BIN 
303 or 305 or permission of instructor. 



BIN 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry 
out a creative research program, usually result- 
ing in a written dissertation which is defended 
in the spring. 

NAN 222 Fundamentals of Cell Biology and 

Concepts and techniques relevant to ecology. 
How organisms and species exist and change. 
Does not count toward the biology or marine 
science majors. Students taking this course may 
not receive credit for Cell Biology or Genetics, 
and vice-versa. Prerequisite: at least one semester 
of college biology and chemistry. 

NAN 385E Genetics: A Human 


For description see Environmental Perspective 


See also Marine Science and Sea Semester. 


The capabilities and skills that chemistry majors 
are expected to attain include knowledge of chemi- 
cal synthesis, analysis, and theory. In addition, 
students acquire competence in laboratory tech- 
niques, the use of chemical instrumentation, writ- 
ten and oral communication, and the ability to 
use the chemical literature. 

Students entering Eckerd College after 1 992 may 
select from three degree programs which include 
the following course requirements: 

For the B.A. degree: 
CHN 111, 112, 211, 212, 312, 321, 326, and 
one upper level chemistry elective. 

For the B.S. degree: 
CHN 111, 112, 211, 212, 312, 321, 322, 326, 
424 and one upper level chemistry elective. 

For the B.S. degree (Certified): 

CHN 111, 112, 211, 212, 312, 321, 322, 326, 
415, 424, 429 or 499, and one upper level 
chemistry elective. 

The B.S. (Certified) degree has been approved 
by the American Chemical Society. 

For any degree, students must also take MAN 
131/2, PHN 241/2 and CHN 428/410 Chemis- 
try Senior Seminar. Additionally, students must 
satisfy the collegium requirement of 1 2 courses 

for the B.A. degree and 16 courses for either of 
the B.S. degrees. A working knowledge of com- 
puters is strongly recommended for all courses 
beyond CHN 212. Finally, students must main- 
tain a C average or better in courses within the 
chemistry discipline and supporting courses. 

Students entering Eckerd in 1993 or later may 
obtain a minor in chemistry by earning at least a 
C in CHN 111 and any four of the following: 
CHN 211, 212, 312, 321/323, 322/324, 415, 

Because the introductory courses for the Eckerd 
chemistry curriculum (CHN 111, 112, 211 and 
212) are different from most other programs, stu- 
dents are advised to take all introductory courses 
from the same institution, or to consult closely 
with the chemistry faculty before seeking to trans- 
fer chemistry credits to Eckerd College. 

CHN lOlE Chemistry and the 

Development of mathematical, conceptual and 
problem-solving skills. Examples from current 
environmental and energy issues. Not recom- 
mended for students who have taken CHN 1 lOE, 
111, or 121. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CHN 11 OE Introduction to Chemistry 

Chemical principles and problem-solving skills. 
Biweekly labs. Not open to students who have 
completed CHN 111 or 1 21 with a grade of C or 
better. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CHN 111 Organic Structure and 
Reactivity I 

First of two-part sequence of active involvement 
in acquiring an understanding of chemical change 
for carbon-containing compounds. Laboratory. 
Prerequisite: high school chemistry or CHN 1 lOE 
with grade of C or better. 

CHN 112 Organic Structure and 
Reactivity II 

Continuation of part I above. Laboratory. Pre- 
requisite: CHN 111 with a C or better. 

CHN 209E Astronomy and 

For non-science majors. Planets, stars, galaxies, 
celestial motion. Some night observing sessions. 
Recommended prerequisite: two years of high 
school math and a year of high school physics or 



CHN 211 Inorganic Chemistry 

Atomic structure, chemical bonding, periodic 
relationships, reactions and properties of repre- 
sentative inorganic compounds, introduction to 
quantitative aspects of thermodynamics and ki- 
netics. Prerequisite: CHN 111 with a grade of C 
or better. Corequisite: MAN 131M. 

CHN 212 Analytical Chemistry 

An extensive treatment of chemical equilibria in- 
cluding acid-base, redox, solubility, and complex- 
ation with applications to chemical analysis. Pre- 
requisite: CHN 211 with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 312 Intermediate Organic 

Course to be introduced in 1995. 

CHN 320 Analytical Chemistry 

Modern analytical measurements, separations, 
and instrumentation including acid-base, redox, 
solubility, complexation equilibrium and their 
applications. Prerequisites; CHN 222 or permis- 
sion of instructor, and MAN 132. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I: 

Laws of thermodynamics, free energy, and chemi- 
cal equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, non-elec- 
trolytes; electrochemistry, chemical kinetic 
theory. Prerequisites: CHN 212, MAN 132, PHN 
242 or permission of instructor. 

CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II: 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy, statistical thermodynam- 
ics and some molecular symmetry. Prerequisite: 
CHN 321. 

CHN 323 Physical Chemistry I: 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 321, 

CHN 324 Physical Chemistry II: 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 322. 

CHN 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modern experimental tech- 
niques and modern chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry majors, normally in the 
Junior year. Prerequisites: CHN 320 and 321. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Seminar 
See CHN 428 below 

CHN 415 Biochemistry I 

The study of structures, functions, the dynamics 
of proteins, the role of genetic biomolecules, and 
some of the metabolic cycles in the body as re- 
lated to the chemistry of these molecules. Prereq- 
uisites: CHN 112, CHN 212, and class standing 
of Junior or Senior, or by permission of instruc- 

CHN 417 Biochemistry II: Investigative 

A continuation of CHN 415. Biosynthesis of 
macromolecular precursors, in-depth study of 
genetic functions, and interactions between the 
conformation of the macromolecules and their 
roles in metabolism and physiological processes. 
Prerequisite: CHN 415. 

CHN 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 417. 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic resonance 
and mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic meth- 
ods, elucidation of reaction mechanism, stere- 
ochemistry, molecular rearrangements and orbital 
theory. Prerequisites: CHN 222 and 322. 

CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Electronic structure and properties of the atom, 
among them covalent bond, stereochemistry, solid 
state, acid-base, thermodynamics; reaction mecha- 
nisms, non-aqueous solvents, borron hydride 
chemistry. Prerequisite: CHN 322. For Senior 
chemistry majors. 

CHN 428/410 Chemistry Seminar (2- 
year sequence) 

For Junior and Senior chemistry majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two 
years of participation. Continuation in seminar 
contingent on satisfactory progress in upper divi- 
sion courses. 

CHN 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the 
major areas of chemistry. Elective for B.A. or B.S. 
in Senior year, required for non-thesis B.S. (Cer- 
tified) chemistry majors. Prerequisite: CHN 326 
and permission of instructor. 



CHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may be 
invited to do independent research with a mem- 
ber of the chemistry staff during their Senior year, 
and write and defend a research thesis before a 
thesis committee, 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry 
and Society 

NAN/LTL 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

For descriptions see Environmental 
Perspective Courses. 


REL 101/102 New Testament Greek 
For description see Religious Studies. 

LAC 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, develop 
a vocabulary of approximately 500 words and the 
ability to read moderately difficult prose. English 
word derivation heavily stressed. LAC 101 is pre- 
requisite for 102. 


CRA 140 Mass Communications 

The role of the media in society with focus on 
newspapers, magazines, radio and television, and 
the ways in which the media shape our thinking 
and behavior. 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three 
areas: five courses in a literature (commonly En- 
glish and/or American), three courses in a for- 
eign language (such as French, German or Span- 
ish), of which at least two are literature courses, 
and two courses in a second foreign language (at 
any level), or in another discipline (such as his- 
tory, religion, philosophy, etc.), or in an approved 
specialty (world literature in translation, myth, 
the Don Juan tradition, etc.). Students should 
have one course using comparative methodology. 
Linguistics and literary criticism are recom- 

Students develop competencies in comparative 
techniques, literary analogues and influences, 
research methods, and interdisciplinary work. 
Coursework is shaped to individual student pro- 
grams, typically moving from introductory lev- 
els to advanced work, often culminating in a the- 


Composition courses emphasize the ways differ- 
ent writing processes lead to successful learning 
and communication. All address the conventions 
of expository writing, standard English usage, 
documentation, and preparation of portfolios for 
competency evaluation. Students in composition 
courses are urged to complete their assignments 
using the word processing facilities in the college's 
computer laboratories. The Writing Center, a 
service of the writing excellence program, supple- 
ments composition courses and provides assis- 
tance to students regarding any writing task. 

Credit for FDF 121, 122, and 123 is limited: 
students whose native language is English may 
take only two for credit; students with other na- 
tive languages may take three for credit Students 
may take advanced composition courses for addi- 
tional credit. 

FDF 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: pre-writing, 
drafting, revising, editing. Development of a per- 
sonal voice to express ideas and values. Journal, 
academic essays, proper use of resources, includ- 
ing documentation. 


Computer Science 

FDF 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with atten- 
tion to audience, organization, evidence, persua- 
sion. Collegiate research report: research ques- 
tions, writing from sources, presenting evidence 
logically. Theme sections announced at preregis- 

FDF 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, 
editing, research skills. Audience awareness, 
broadening student's repertoire, enriching lan- 
guage use. Usually requires major research pa- 
per. Theme sections announced at preregistra- 

FDF 321 Composition Theory and 

The role of writing in learning, theories of com- 
position, analysis of writing processes, design- 
ing units of instruction. Group inquiry tech- 
niques and collaborative writing assignments. 
Practicum in tutoring. Prerequisite: Junior stand- 
ing, completion of writing competency require- 
ment, or instructor's permission. 

FDF 322 Researching and Writing in the 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, 
with ongoing evaluation of researching and writ- 
ing techniques. Participate in writing groups, keep 
a research notebook. Prerequisite: Sophomore 

FDF 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer 
mediated communication in the context of mo- 
dem business practice. Prerequisite: Junior stand- 
ing or instructor's permission. 


Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm de- 
sign and programming, as well as the underlying 
principles, design, and implementation of the 
major components of computing systems. 
Achievement of the required competencies is dem- 
onstrated by successful completion of a Senior 
comprehensive examination or thesis and by the 
successful completion of the four required com- 
puter science courses (CSN 143, CSN 221 , CSN 
222, and CSN 301) and a minimum of four com- 

puter science elective courses numbered CSN 310 
or greater. 

The course requirements for the computer sci- 
ence major are composed of two parts: the pro- 
gram core, and the program specialization. The 
core is a structured sequence of four computer 
science courses (Introduction to Computer Sci- 
ence, Data Structures, Computer Systems, 
Theory of Computing) and four mathematics 
courses (Calculus 1 , Discrete Mathematics, Sta- 
tistics, Linear Algebra). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of 
four computer science electives numbered 310 
or greater pursued during the Junior and Senior 
years, is less structured, allowing the student to 
emphasize his or her special interests. At least 
one of these is required to be CSN 310 or CSN 
411. The Computer Science Seminar is required 
in the Junior and Senior years. This is a total of 
12 courses (not including the seminar) for the 
Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced computer 
science (300 level or above), mathematics or phys- 
ics, are required for the Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics). Combinatorial Math- 
ematics may be substituted for Discrete Math- 
ematics, and Probability and Statistics I for Sta- 

A minor in computer science requires comple- 
tion of CSN 143M, 221, 222 and two computer 
science courses numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

History of computing: overview of the elements 
of a computer system; problem solving and algo- 
rithm development; Pascal programming for nu- 
meric and non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: 
mathematics placement at the H level. For stu- 
dents in all majors who want to acquire program- 
ming and computer skills. 

CSN 201 Fortran Programming 

Problem solving using the Fortran language. Pre- 
requisites: CSN 143M or permission of instruc- 


Computer Science 

CSN/MNB 202 Cobol Programming 
Problem solving using the Cobol language. Pre- 
requisites: CSN 143M, MNB 21 OM or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

CSN 21 OS Computers and Society 
History of computing; social, ethical and legal 
impact of computers on society; overview of the 
operation, use, and programming of a computer. 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes 
of problems solvable through well-defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, re- 
cursion, lists, linked lists, trees, searching and 
sorting. Prerequisite: CSN 143M. 

CSN 222 Computer Systems: Unix/C 

A laboratory course in assembly language and 
basic concepts of computer systems including ar- 
chitecture, operating systems, translators and digi- 
tal logic. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and lan- 
guages; introduction to finite automata, formal 
languages, Turing machines, and complexity 
theory. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and MAN 143. 

CSN 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of comput- 
ing machines; central processing unit including 
micro-machine, registers, data paths, arithmetic 
logic unit, control unit, microprogramming; 
memory including implementation; virtual 
memory, content addressable memory, cache; in- 
put/output including disks, tapes, serial commu- 
nications and networks. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 320 Programming Languages 
Nature and implementation of programming lan- 
guages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; survey of program- 
ming languages. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 321 Software Engineering 
Properties of software systems; software system 
design and development principles; specifica- 
tions; models; software tools, monitoring meth- 
ods; group programming project for a large soft- 
ware system. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 330 Analysis of Algorithms 
Theoretical and mathematical basis of algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CSN 301, 
CSN 221 and MAN 143 or consent of instruc- 

CSN/MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 
For description see Mathematics. 

CSN/MNB 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organiza- 
tion of database systems; storage and retrieval of 
data in the database; database design and admin- 
istration. Prerequisite: CSN 221 or MNB 272 or 
permission of instructor. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Seminar 

See CSN 439 below. 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory man- 
agement, virtual systems, interprocess commu- 
nication, scheduling algorithms, protection and 
security, deadlocks; case studies of operating sys- 
tems. Prerequisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level lan- 
guage virtual machines including assemblers, 
macro expansion, compilers and interpreters; 
syntactic and semantic models. Prerequisite: CSN 

CSN 438/410 Computer Science Seminar 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. 
One course credit on satisfactory completion of 
two years of participation. Continuation in semi- 
nar contingent on satisfactory progress in upper 
division courses. 

CSN 450 Computer Graphics 

Theory and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and 
MAN 131 or instructor's permission. 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; 
rule-based deductions; searching methods; appli- 
cations of understanding; programming languages 
and databases for artificial intelligence. Prerequi- 
site: CSN 222. 


Creative Writing 

CSN 462 Neural Networks 
Philosophical, biological and architectural under- 
pinnings of this alternative, parallel, distributed 
model of computing inspired by the human brain. 
Prerequisite: CSN 222 or consent of instructor. 

CSN 449 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, upon 
invitation of the computer science faculty, do re- 
search and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of the faculty. The submission of the 
resulting written thesis and an oral defense will, 
upon approval of the computer science faculty, 
satisfy the comprehensive examination require- 
ment for graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in 
computer science courses through the Junior year 
and invitation by the faculty. 

KSN 20 IE Models of Reasoning 

For description see Environmental Perspective 



The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers-students who think of themselves prima- 
rily as writers and students for whom writing 
will be an important avocation. Workshop stu- 
dents learn the craft of fiction, non-fiction and 
poetry and develop individual voices. They also 
learn to articulate and defend reasoned critical 

Coursework varies considerably, but normally 
must include six courses in literature (while this 
is a minimum, creative writing majors usually 
elect to take more than this). At least three work- 
shops are required-fiction, poetry and one of the 
following: playwriting, screenwriting, journal 
writing, or the personal essay. In consultation 
with the Mentor, in special cases (involving a 
writing interest best served by study outside the 
literature track) students may substitute for one 
literature course, two courses from another dis- 
cipline. Seniors are required to complete a the- 
sis. The thesis committee will include two full- 
time creative writing faculty and a third member 
from any other discipline. 

In the first year, students take Introduction to 
Creative Writing and 100 or 200 level literature 
courses. In subsequent years, students build upon 
this foundation by, 1) taking advanced courses 

in fiction and poetry, and courses in playwriting, 
travel writing, journals, etc., and, 2) developing 
a cluster of literature courses defined by a par- 
ticular interest (e.g., modern and contemporary 
British and American poetry and fiction), and/ 
or supported by courses from other disciplines 
(e.g., American studies or history of modern 

Graduates of the Writing Workshop are required 
to take fiction workshop and poetry workshop 
from the residential Writing Workshop faculty. 
Profs. Watson and Ward, or their designated re- 

Students wishing to double major in literature 
and creative writing need to complete all courses 
for each major program, independent of courses 
taken to fulfill requirements for the other major. 
However, literature courses taken for a major in 
literature may be counted for a minor in creative 

To minor in creative writing, students must take 
three writing workshop courses, and two litera- 
ture courses. One workshop and one literature 
course must be 300 level or above. The three 
Writing Workshop courses must be in at least 
two genres (fiction, poetry, playwriting, etc.) and 
must be Eckerd College courses. 

WWA 100 Introduction to Creative 

An introduction to two genres of writing: po- 
etry and fiction. Lectures, frequent in-class writ- 
ing, small group work. 

WWA 201 Writing Workshop: The 
Personal Essay 

Writing the literary essay. Study non-fiction prose 
by well-known writers, and write multiple drafts 
of essays. 

WWA 202 Journalism 

Basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, 
editorials, editing, layout, social and legal issues 
facing the press. Students should have previous 
experience in high school or college journalism 

WWA 2/3/428 Writing Workshop: The 
Short Story 

Students' stories read aloud and discussed in 
class. Emphasis on rewriting, critical principles 
and development of works through several phases 
of composition. Can be repeated for credit 


Creative Writing 

WWA 2/3/429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

Forms and techniques in poetry. Students sub- 
mit their poems for discussion, review, and re- 
writing. Familiarity with current poetry is en- 
couraged. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 2/3/430 Poetry Workshop: The 
Forms of Poetry 

Concentrates exclusively on formal poetry: son- 
net, blank verse, sestina, rhymed forms. Permis- 
sion of the instructor required. 

WWA 248 Writing Workshop: 
Feature Writing 

Writing magazine articles for publication: travel 
writing, public affairs reporting, in-depth person- 
ality features. Also write two analytical pieces 
incorporating a thoughtful critique of award-win- 
ning magazine features. Instructor's permission 

WWA 261 Writing Workshop: 
Travel Writing 

Reading and writing about travel. Students will 
read classics in travel writing by authors like 
McPhee, Fussell, Hoagland, etc. and write their 
own articles to be discussed in the workshop. 
Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 300 Writing Workshop: Tutorial 

Daily meetings with instructor to discuss progress 
in all genres. Periodic group discussions. Prereq- 
uisite: one writing workshop and permission of 

WWA 302A Rhetoric of Film 

Film as an art form, its history, typology, tech- 
nology and symbology. How films are made, by 
whom, and out of what visions of the world. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the cre- 
ative process. Practice and discuss various 
journaling techniques, writing our own journals. 
Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 328 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

See WWA 228. 

WWA 329 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 330 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

WWA 333 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Fiction 

At least two student works written, revised and 
discussed in seminar setting. Discussions of short 
stories by masters, articles on writing. Visits by 
local writers. Prerequisite: WWA 228 and per- 
mission of instructor. 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: 
OnC'Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, includ- 
ing traditional and experimental forms. Each stu- 
dent writes at least two plays, to be read and 
discussed in class. Production of original plays 
encouraged. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 335 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Poetry 

Read and discuss poetry and commentary, as well 
as original student poems. Write formal poems 
or in free verse. Suggestions for submitting po- 
etry to journals and editors. Prerequisite: WWA 
229 or 230 and permission of instructor. 

WWA 336 Writing Workshop: 

Write one full-length and two one-hour film 
scripts. View movies, discuss scripts. Tell com- 
plex and intellectually challenging stories by 
means of visual rhetoric. 

WWA 428 Writing Workshop: The Short 

See WWA 228. 

WWA 429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 430 Writing Workshop: The 
Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 


CrosS'Cultural Perspective Courses 


Courses in this perspective are designed to pro- 
vide an introduction to a culture or cultures dif- 
ferent from the student's own, to increase knowl- 
edge of the richness and diversity of human so- 
cial existence and, in so doing, provide greater 
insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the 
student's own cultural perspective. A semester 
of study abroad may also satisfy this require- 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 
ANC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

ANC 285C Latin American Area Studies 

ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CUCAVHF 183C United States Area 


For description see Western Heritage. 

ECB 283C International Economic 

ECB 284C Soviet and Chinese Economic 

For descriptions see Economics. Available in PEL 

FRC 202C Intermediate French II 

For description see Modern Languages, French. 

HIL 203C Europe in Transition: 1200- 

HIL 204C Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe: 1815-Present 

HIL 324C Native American History 

HIC 23 2C World History to Columbus 

HIC 233C Global History in the Modern 

HIC/HIL 234C Twentieth Century 
World History 

HIL 301C Columbus and the American 

HIC 344C The History of the Two St. 


HIL 369C The French Revolution 

HIC 380C Japanese Cultural History 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 389C British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 

London Offerings. 

MUA 356C World Music 

For description see Music. 

POB 103C Introduction to International 

POB 104C Introduction to Comparative 

POB 21 IC Inter- American Relations 

POB 23 IC Politics: East Asian Nations 

POB 32 IC Comparative European 

For descriptions see Political Science. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 

REL 204C New Testament Christianity 

REC 240C Non-Western Religions 

REL 244C Western Religions 

REC 32 IC Confucian and Taoist 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

RUC 283C Russian Area Studies 

For description see Russian Studies. 

SPC 202C Intermediate Spanish II 
For description see Modern Languages, Span- 


For descriptions, see the appropriate discipline. 
Copies of directed study syllabi are available in 
the Registrar's office. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

ARA 250 History of the Print 

ARI 351 A History of English 

Architecture (available in England only) 


Directed Study Courses 

BIN 250 Explorations in Human 
Nutrition (available in summer term and 
PEL only) 

BIN 350 Human Physiology 

ECB 387 Urban Economics (available PEL 

ECI 250 Introduction to Economic Ideas 

(available in England only) 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 

(available in England only) 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 250/1 Intermediate German: 
Grammar Review I, II 

GRA^IC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

GRA^IC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

HDA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
and Holistic Health 

HDA 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIL 253 United States History 

HILA 310 History of England to 1688 

HIL/I 311 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1688 

HIL/I 312 History of London 

HIL 321 Women in America 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historian's View of our Times 

HIL 351 The Industrial Revolution 

HIL 352 The Progressive Movement 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of 

JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues (by academic petition 
only for Seniors) 

LIA 250 Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare 

LIL 300A The Ancient Greek World 

Through Literature 

(available in PEL only) 

LI/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

LIA 350 Modern American Novel 

LIA 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

LI/GRC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

MNB/SLB 251 Work and Occupations 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 

MSN 20 IE The Marine Environment 

MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 

NAN 150 The Universe 

NAN 151 The World of Life 

NAN 25 1 Futures of Humanity: Worlds 

of Science Fiction 

For descriptions see Physics. 

PLI 351 History of Science in Great 

POL 350 Florida Politics 

POL 450 The Supreme Court in 
American Politics 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 


REL 21 OS Introduction to Christian 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

SLB/MNB 251 Work and Occupations 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLB/MNB 405 Human Ecology 

SPC 401 Modern Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 


A track in East Asian Area Studies may be 
planned through a supervising committee of 
three faculty members. 



ANC 282C East Asian Area Studies 
For description see Anthropology. 


See Biology. 


The competencies achieved in the economics 
major are the ability to: 

— understand and explain general economic phe- 

— analyze and evaluate economic policy propos- 

— analyze, synthesize and integrate economic 

— communicate effectively, in both oral and writ- 
ten form. 

— do quantitative research, using a statistical com- 
puter package. 

— engage in library research. 

— conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

In addition to the coUegial requirement of statis- 
tics, students majoring in economics are required 
to take a minimum of eight economics courses, 
the Senior Seminar in Economics, and Calculus 
I. All students will take Principles of 
Microeconomics, Principles of Macroeconomics, 
Intermediate Microeconomics, Intermediate 
Macroeconomics and History of Economic 
Thought. In addition, students choose three eco- 
nomics electives from a list of approved courses 
at the 300 level or above. Students must main- 
tain a C average in upper level courses to suc- 
cessfully complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to 
take calculus and statistics (second semester). In 
addition, students can start the economics ma- 
jor proper with Principles of Microeconomics or 
Principles of Macroeconomics. The next appro- 
priate courses are Intermediate Microeconomics 
and Intermediate Macroeconomics. Beyond this 
students can branch out to choose electives. Eco- 
nomics electives are available with a simple pre- 

requisite of either of the Principles courses. In 
their Senior year students take History of Eco- 
nomic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, and 
three upper level economics electives, including 
one upper level macro course (ECB 382 or 386) 
or one upper level micro course (ECB 381 or 

ECB 2818 Principles of Microeconomics 
Price theory, operation of market system. Indus- 
trial structure and pricing under different com- 
petitive structures. Required of all students ma- 
joring in economics. 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, busi- 
ness and government) focusing on policy. Mon- 
etary and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, bal- 
ance of payments. Required for all students ma- 
joring in economics. 

ECB 283 C International Economic 
Relations (offered in PEL only) 
The international economy since World War II. 
Japanese, European, African, Asian, Latin Ameri- 
can, role of multinational corporations. The poli- 
tics shaping economic relations between coun- 

ECB 284C Soviet and Chinese Economic 

Systems (offered in PEL only) 
Central planning organizations and property 
rights structures, performances, forces promot- 
ing and hindering economic reform, compared 
to a market, private ownership economy. 

ECB 30 IS Leadership: the Human Side 
of Economics 

How humans and community groups interact, 
the methods they create to bring shared values 
to fruition. The creation and operation of insti- 
tutions as they affect social and economic envi- 

ECB 370 Industry, Labor and 

Examine various models of firm behavior in vari- 
ous industrial organization structures (competi- 
tion, monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both 
foreign and domestic. Prerequisite: ECB 281 S. 



ECB 371 The Economics of Gender 

The role of gender in the economic system. Sexual 
division of labor, job segregation, relationship 
among work, family, household production. Pre- 
requisites: ECB 281 S and permission of the in- 

ECB 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in com- 
munity, origins and appropriate roles of the state, 
justice in the behavior of the state. Models of 
voting behavior through simulation. Prerequisite: 
ECB 281 S or permission of instructor. 

ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 

Continuation of ECB 281S. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of industries 
and firms using simple mathematical and geo- 
metric models; price and output adjustments. 
Prerequisite: ECB 281 S. Required for all students 
majoring in economics. 

ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of ECB 282S. Determinants of ag- 
gregate demand and supply, using dynamic and 
static models of analysis. How to use an under- 
standing of economic analysis to achieve policy 
objectives and understand trade-offs. Prerequi- 
sites: ECB 282S and BEB 160M. 

ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surround- 
ing regulation of marine resource use. The role 
of economic theory in development of marine 
resource policy. Prerequisites: ECB 281 S or ECB 
282S, and BEB 160M. 

ECB/MNB 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and sta- 
tistics in business decision making. Optimization 
techniques under conditions of uncertainty. Se- 
lecting the "best" solutions to business problems. 
Prerequisites: ECB 281 S and BEB 160M. 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies com- 
pared to show how different institutional arrange- 
ments lead to different ways of making economic 
decisions. Former Soviet Union, Eastern Euro- 
pean nations. People's Republic of China in- 
cluded. Prerequisite: ECB 281 S or 282S. 

ECB/MNB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

History and development of monetary system and 
financial structure. Money creation and influ- 
ence on macroeconomic activity. Monetary policy 
implications of regulatory agencies. Prerequisite: 

ECB 282S. 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

(Directed Study available in PEL only) 
Urban growth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimina- 
tion and segregation, and the urban financial cri- 
sis. Prerequisite: ECB 281 S. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and po- 
litical as well as economic aspects of development 
Prerequisites: ECB 281 S or 282S. 

ECB 389 Natural Resource and 
Environmental Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and evalu- 
ating natural resource and environmental policy 
issues. Developing models of optimal use of re- 
sources: land, water, energy, their development, 
allocation, pricing. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic 
ideas as developed and expounded by Western 
economists. The teachings of the mercantilists, 
physiocrats, Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, 
Mill, Marx, Marshall, German and American 
schools of thought. 

ECB 480 International Economics: 
Foreign Exchange 

Theory, operation, government policies, balance 
of international payments, exchange-rate adjust- 
ments, interrelationship between macroeconomy 
and international economy. Prerequisite: ECB 


ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, protec- 
tionism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, 
US-Japan-EEC trade issues, developing countries, 
solutions for international trade problems. Pre- 
requisite: ECB 281 S. 


Environmental Perspective Courses 

ECB 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: ECB 281 S and 
282S and permission of instructor. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

For description see Social Relations Perspec- 


Students who wish to pursue a dual-degree pro- 
gram should consult with Professor Edmund 
Gallizzi as early as possible in their academic pro- 

For description see page 1 1 . 


Courses in this perspective are designed to en- 
hance knowledge of the physical and biological 
world, to help the student make informed value 
judgments concerning the environmental conse- 
quences of personal and social actions. 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 
For description see Anthropology. 

BIN 12 IE General Biology 
For description see Biology. 

CHN lOlE Chemistry and the 

CHN llOE Introduction to Chemistry 

CHN 209E Astronomy and 

For descriptions see Chemistry. 

HDA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 

and Holistic Health 

For description see Human Development. 

KSL 205E Plato and Aristotle's Science 

Positive and negative contributions of Plato and 
Aristotle's physical science to medieval and mod- 
ern science, and interrelationship between sci- 
ence, politics and religion. 

KSN 20 IE Models of Reasoning: the 
Rationalist/Empiricist Conflict 
Historical, philosophical and scientific roots of 
this clash of views. The nature of intelligence, 
reasoning and awareness, and how they are per- 
ceived by scientists and philosophers. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 
For description see Literature. 

LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The As- 
cent of Man amplified by lectures, demonstrations, 
laboratory work, discussions, research and supple- 
mentary reading. 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

The 1 7th century Scientific Revolution as a redi- 
rection of Western society from theocentrism to 
scientific secularism. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, 
Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, Newton. 

MSN 20 IE The Marine Environment 

MSN 208E Environmental Geology 
For descriptions see Marine Science. 

NAN 272E Environmentalism and 

Explore the environment from a scientific per- 
spective, emphasizing the issues necessary in one's 
personal life and as a voting citizen to make knowl- 
edgeable decisions that may impact environmen- 
tal quality. 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry 
and Society 

Issues such as air and water pollution, pesticides, 
residues and nuclear energy. Social, economic and 
legal considerations. Minimal scientific back- 
ground expected. 

NAN/UTL 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

For description see LTL/NAN 283E above, 

NAN 385E Genetics: A Human 

Basic genetics, emphasizing human applications 
and aspects of genetic engineering, incorporat- 
ing value and ethical questions. Prerequisite: high 
school biology and chemistry; Sophomores or 


Environmental Studies 

PHN 209E Our Environment: 
The Universe 

PHN 244E Energy and Environment 
For description see Physics. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 
For description see Philosophy. 

REL 103E Cosmos and Creation 

For description see Religious Studies. 

See also Sea Semester 


The environmental studies major will provide 
students with an educational specialty grounded 
in the subjects and issues related to the natural 
environment, and the relationship of the human 
being to the natural environment. The major 
offers the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary 
inquiry, integrating knowledge across the natu- 
ral sciences, behavioral sciences, and humanities. 
Environmental studies develops analytical tools 
and skills for understanding the environment, 
while emphasizing the role of beliefs, values, eth- 
ics and aesthetics in shaping human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analy- 
sis, social, historical and global awareness; philo- 
sophical and ethical inquiry; writing and com- 
position; oral presentation; educational tech- 
niques and strategies; legal research; and group 
enterprise. This will prepare students for careers 
in such diverse fields as environmental and ur- 
ban planning, natural resource management, sci- 
entific journalism, environmental law and policy 
making, parks and recreation, landscape and ar- 
chitecture, public health, education, the arts, and 
many more. 

Students will graduate with a B.A. degree, and 
will complete a series of core courses, and then 
must choose from among two specialized tracks 
to major in: 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 

-complete core requirements and environmental 
policy track 


Environmental Studies: Environmental 


<omplete core requirements and environmental 

humanities track 

Each track reflects a different orientation which 
matches the student's abilities and interests with 
their coursework. The policy track emphasizes 
courses in economics, political science, other 
social sciences, and writing, orienting students 
toward policy analysis, planning, administration, 
education, communication, and related fields. 
The humanities track emphasizes courses in phi- 
losophy, religion, history and literature, with an 
orientation toward values, and the integration of 
differing modes of reason and discourse. 

Core requirements (completed by all students 
in the major) 

Introduction to Environmental Studies 
Two introductory science courses: either 
Introduction to Environmental Biology 
Introduction to Chemistry (offered during 

winter term) 
Introduction to Earth Science 
One upper-level science course: either 

Applied Environmental Geology (Prerequi- 
site: Introduction to Earth Science) 
Applied Environmental Biology (Prerequisite: 
Introduction to Environmental Biology) 
Principles of Hydrology (Prerequisite: Fun- 
damental Physics I or permission of 
Two social science courses: either 
Environmental Policy and Politics 
Natural Resource and Environmental 
Economics (Prerequisite: 
Cultural Ecology 

Total Quality Environmental Management 
The City: An Environmental Art Form 
Two humanities courses: either 
Environmental Ethics 
Environmental Theology 
Literature and Ecology 
Environmental History 
Ideas of Nature 
Environmental Studies Internship (recom- 
mended, but not required) 
Research Seminar and Senior Comprehensive in 
Environmental Studies. 

Environmental Studies 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 
Policy Track 

Statistical Methods 

One of either: 

Thinking, Researching and Writing Science 
Writing Environmental Policy 

One of either: 

another introductory or upper level science 
course in the core 

Introduction to Computer Science 

Wide World of Computing 

Two of either: 

another social science course in the core 
Marine Resource Policy (Prerequisite: 
Microeconomics and Statistics) 

Environmental Computer Modeling 
(prerequisite: Statistics) 

For students interested in environmental law: 

The Constitution and Government 

The Constitution and Individual Rights 

For students interested in the political 

Political Parties and Interest Groups 

For students interested in urban planning: 

Urban Economics (Prerequisite: 
M icroeconomics) 

For students interested in less developed 

Economic Development (Prerequisite: 
Microeconomics and Macroeconomics) 

For students interested in international 
environment organizations: 

International Organizations 

(Prerequisite: Introduction to 
International Relations and one 
other political science course) 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 
Humanities Track 

At least one additional core course in the social 
or natural sciences. At least one of the natu- 
ral science core courses must be in the bio- 
logical sciences. 

Two additional core courses in the humanities. 
The four core courses selected should repre- 
sent three disciplines. 

Two or more additional courses in the humani- 
ties drawn primarily from the following list At 
least four of the total of six humanities courses 
must be upper division courses. Students are 
strongly urged to take one of the writing (FDF) 
courses in the track list 

Ethics: Tradition and Critique, The Scientific 
Revolution and Human Values, Introduction 
to Native American Literature, The Roman- 
tic Age in British Literature, Native Ameri- 
can History, Rebels with a Cause, Research 
and Writing in the Humanities, Writing En- 
vironmental Policy, Thinking, Researching 
and Writing Science. 

Depending on the student's area of interest, other 
courses in the humanities not included on 
the above list may be approved by the Men- 
tor and coordinators of the major prior to 
enrolling in the course. 

Reading requirement: all students will take a di- 
rected study, Readings in Environmental 
Studies and the Humanities, during the win- 
ter term of their Senior year, and demonstrate 
completion of a reading list of major works in 
the field by taking an examination given by 
environmental humanities faculty. 

Students planning to attend graduate school are 
strongly urged to develop additional depth 
and coverage in philosophy, history, religious 
studies, or literature. 


FIH 301 The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning meth- 
ods. Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection 
as a Ford Scholar. Fulfills one perspective require- 



FIH 302 The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on students' knowledge of his- 
tory to address a significant intellectual problem 
of the future. Prerequisite: FIH 301 and selec- 
tion as a Ford Scholar. Fulfills one perspective 

FSS 410 Ford Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Schol- 
ars program. Shared reflections on issues per- 
taining to research, teaching, and other aspects 
of teaching as a career. Participation in both fall 
and spring semesters for a total of one course 


See Modern Languages. 


See Women's and Gender Studies. 


GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 
Concepts, theories and substantive material of 
modern geography. Relationship between mate- 
rial environment and human cultural systems. 

GEC 350 (Directed Study) World 
Regional Geography 

Relationship of human activities to natural envi- 
ronment on world-wide basis. Soils, land forms, 
climate, vegetation, minerals and the cultural 
systems of different areas of the world. 


For description see Marine Science. 


See Modern Languages. 


Students majoring in history are expected to be 
familiar with the fields of American and Euro- 
pean history and have awareness of world his- 
tory. Students who complete this major demon- 
strate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields. 

— ability to think historically with regard to is- 
sues such as causation, cultural diffusion, the 
role of the individual in history, geographic 
and demographic influences in history, and 
gender and minority issues in the past, citing 
examples from both the Western tradition and 
the wider global experience. 

— awareness of the historical method and histo- 
riography generally, and knowledge of the his- 
toriography of at least one field with some thor- 

— ability to locate bibliographical information 
on historical topics, and to engage in schol- 
arly writing such as book and film reviews, 
annotated bibliographies, and historical and 
historiographical essays. 

— ability to do historical research based on pri- 
mary source material. 

Students take ten courses, one of which may be 
a winter term project, including three in Ameri- 
can and three in European history, at least one 
course in world history or a non- Western history 
course, and HIL 400. At least six of these courses 
must be at or above the 300 level. Students in- 
terested in history begin with any 200 level 
course in American or European history, if they 
have not received AP credit for these fields. Jun- 
ior and Senior level courses in history build on 
the foundation of the survey courses, and may 
be taken only with the appropriate prerequisites, 
or permission of the instructor. 

A minor in history consists of sbc history courses, 
two in American, two in European, one in glo- 
bal or non-Western history, and HIL 400. At least 
four of the courses must be at the 300 level or 

HIL 203C Europe in Transition: 

Medieval roots of modern Europe, Renaissance, 
Reformation, economic and geographic expan- 
sion, scientific revolution, Enlightenment, French 
and Industrial Revolutions. 



HIL 204C The Foundations of 
Contemporary Europe: 1815 to the 

Nationalism and liberalism, industrial revolution, 
imperialism, World War I and its consequences, 
Russian Revolution, depression, rise of dictator- 
ships. Intellectual developments of the period. 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 
History (Directed Study available) 

History of student's own family in context of 
American history. Research in family records, 
interviews with family members, background 
reading in recent American social history. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 
Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, development 
of a democratic society, slavery. Civil War, Re^ 
construction. Various interpretations of the 
American experience. 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 
Transformation from an agrarian to an indus- 
trial nation. Industrial Revolution, urbanization, 
rise to world power, capitalism. New Deal, world 
wars, cold war, recent developments. Social, cul- 
tural, political and economic emphasis. 

HIC 23 2C World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of ma- 
jor Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with emphasis 
on the evolution of the "Great Traditions," cul- 
tural diffusion, interaction of cultures. 

HIC 233C Global History in the Modern 

History of the world since 1 500 with emphasis 
on the interaction of Western ideas and institu- 
tions with the rest of the world. Contributions 
of geography, and demography to understanding 
the world today. 

HIC/HIL 234C Twentieth Century 

Events, issues, concerns of the world: two world 
wars, "cold war," struggles of colonial areas for 
independence and development, world interde- 
pendence, scarcities. 

HIL 253 (Directed Study) United States 

Colonial foundations, American Revolution, 19th 
century democracy, slavery. Reconstruction, In- 
dustrial Revolution, New Deal. Social, economic 
and political developments shaping contempo- 
rary American society. 

HIL 30 IC Columbus and the American 

History and consequences of Columbus's voyages 
to America. European and American civilizations 
on the eve of the age of discovery, life and voy- 
ages of Columbus, encounter between European 
and indigenous American cultures, long-range 
consequences of European conquest of the West- 
ern Hemisphere. 

HILA 310 (Directed Study) History of 
England to 1688 

History of England from Roman occupation to 
George I, and it's significance for Americans. 
Norman Conquest, federalism, growth of com- 
mon law. Parliament, Tudor revolution, Angli- 
can Reformation, 1 7th century revolutions, and 
triumph of parliamentary oligarchy. 

HILA 311 (Directed Study) History of 
Modern Britain Since 1688 
Modern Britain from George I to present. In- 
dustrial Revolution, empire, cabinet system of 
government, transformation from agrarian to 
industrial, welfare state, loss of imperial power. 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

HILA 312 (Directed Study) History of 

Urban history of London as the first truly mod- 
ern city. Visit historical sites, museums, librar- 
ies. Exposure to one of world's great cultural, 
financial and political centers. Prerequisite: HIL 
310 or permission of instructor. 

HIL 321 Women in Modern America: the 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 
(Directed Study available) 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women 
in literature and film. Changes in women's posi- 
tion in America. 



HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, interna- 
tionalism, isolationism, pacifism, collective secu- 
rity, "New Left" anti-imperialism. Controversies 
over Cold War. 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 

History of American women and the family, im- 
ages of women in popular culture and literature, 
impact of the Great Depression and World War 
II on the family. 

HIL 324C Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian-White 
relations, changing governmental policy. Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. Evaluation on three short es- 
says and research paper, oral presentations and 
participation in discussions. 

HIC/L 331-332 Special Topics in History 

In addition to opportunities for independent 
study and research, faculty will occasionally of- 
fer special topics courses. 

HIL 334 African-American History I 

The contributions of African-Americans from the 
Colonial period to the Reconstruction. Partici- 
pation in American Revolution, rise of Cotton 
Kingdom, development of distinct culture. Civil 
War and Reconstruction. 

HIL 335 African-American History II 

African-American history from Reconstruction 
to the present. Developments in education, rac- 
ism, participation in military, socioeconomic 
development. Civil Rights movement and legis- 

HIL 33 6S Civil Rights Movement: 

Black participation in World War II, the effects 
of the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HIL 337 The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contrib- 
uted to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina 
Nullification Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, 
and John Brown's raid. Impact of the war on 
both North and South. PBS video on Civil War 
is used. 

HIC 341 A Cultural History of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Rus- 
sian culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet atti- 
tudes toward culture. Permission of instructor 
required for Freshmen. Offered in alternate years. 

HIC 342 The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles 
and Swedes, influence of the West. 

HIC 343 Modern Russia and the Soviet 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity 
and change in Russian and Soviet history, and 
the former Soviet Union as a totalitarian society 
and world power. 

HIC 344C The History of the Two St. 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida, which cel- 
ebrated its centennial in 1988, and the Russian 
St. Petersburg. 

HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
to 1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th cen- 
tury democracy, slavery, racism. Prerequisite: pre- 
vious college level work in American history is 

HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
from 1 865 to present: Darwinism, industrialism, 
Progressive Movement, liberal democracy in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: previous college work 
in American history is assumed. 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of Our Times 
(Directed Study available) 
Current trends in interpreting U.S. history since 
World War II. Transformation of American so- 
ciety since 1945 and the new position of the U.S. 
in world affairs. 

HIL 348 The New Deal 

America during the 1 930's; impact of the depres- 
sion on American life, and contributions of the 
New Deal. Not open to Freshmen. Prerequisite: 
at least one course in American history, political 
science, or a related field. 

HIL 351 (Directed Study) The Industrial 
Revolution in America 

Industrial, economic and social change which 
produced a transformation of American society, 
and the reaction of Americans to these changes. 
Prerequisite: some previous work in American 

HIL 352 (Directed Study) The 
Progressive Movement 

One of the great movements for reform in Ameri- 
can history: Progressivism as political movement, 
presidential leadership, reform of society, intel- 
lectual development. Prerequisite: previous work 
in American history or political science. 

HIL 361 Modern France: 1815 to Present 

Political, social, economic and intellectual devel- 
opment of France from the revolution to the fall 
of DeGauUe's government. Prerequisite: HIL 
204C or HICA- 234C or permission of instruc- 

HIL 363 The Renaissance 

Intellectual, cultural, political and economic con- 
ditions which interacted to create the Renaissance, 
and its transmission to northern Europe. Pre- 
requisite: HIL 203C or permission of instructor 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Reformation theology in its political and institu- 
tional context. Theology and structure of each 
branch of the Reformation, and the political con- 
texts of the various movements. Prerequisite: HIL 
203C or permission of instructor 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's 

Methodology and approach of women's history. 
Topics vary by semester, but include such sub- 
jects as women in the Christian tradition, and 
women and war in the 20th Century. Prerequi- 
site: one of either HIL 203C, 204C, 232C, 233C, 
or permission of instructor 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Social, political and intellectual developments of 
18th century France as manifested in the people 
and events of Paris. Students may pursue topics 
in their own discipline. Prerequisite: HIL 203C 
or permission of instructor. 


HIL 3 690 The French Revolution 

Students who are not primarily students of his- 
tory can learn the history and values of France 
before and during the Revolution. 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

Survey of economic, social and political patterns 
from 1 9th century independence to present, with 
continuities in trade, labor, leadership and so- 
cial order reflecting Latin America's colonial 
heritage, and its contemporary role in the global 

HIC 380C Japanese Cultural History 

Study cultural patterns and values in pre-mod- 
ern Japan to understand present-day Japanese so- 
ciety. A follow-up course to East Asian Studies 
for those desiring more detailed study of Japan. 

HIC 389 History of East Central Europe 

Geography, linguistics, religion, nationalism and 
political realities. Prerequisite: at least one course 
in European or Russian history, or permission 
of instructor 

HIC/HIL 400 Towards a New Past: 
Making History 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the 
field. Historians whose interpretations have had 
a major impact on their fields. Required for his- 
tory majors. 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in 

American Studies 

For description see American Studies. 


For description see page 18. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage (Freshman 


For description see Western Heritage. 

Perspective Courses (Sophomore and 
Junior years) 


Human Development 

Two perspectives courses are designated each year 
as Honors Perspectives. Please consult the course 

Honors students are required to take at least two 
perspective courses and are excused from the 
collegial distribution requirement to give them 
flexibility and to avoid scheduling difficulties. 

SSH 410 Honors Colloquium (Senior year) 
A student directed seminar focusing on both com- 
mon curriculum experiences and specific policy 
and values issues related to the students' indi- 
vidual disciplines. A two semester course for one 
course credit. 

Students taking the Senior Honors Colloquium 
also take the Senior Seminar in their collegium 
or discipline, if it is required. 


Human development is an interdisciplinary ma- 
jor integrating aspects of psychology, sociology, 
ethics, and anthropology. Within the context of 
a strong liberal arts foundation, students study 
the process of human growth and change. Focus 
is on an enhanced understanding of the self and 
others, the facilitation of change in individuals, 
groups, and organizations, and the development 
of optimal potential as human beings through- 
out the lifespan. 

As a result of a major in human development, 
students are expected to possess: 

— knowledge of the key stages, major psychologi- 
cal, sociological, and educational principles as- 
sociated with human development, the funda- 
mental theories of counseling and maximiz- 
ing human development, and diverse value sys- 
tems and multicultural perspectives encoun- 
tered in the field. 

— skills in social science analysis and research 
methodology, effective communication and in- 
terpersonal relationship dynamics. 

— understanding and application of the stated 
ethical principles of the counseling and hu- 
man development professions, and the role of 
self and personal values in helping relation- 

— a personal strategy of helping based on all of 
the above. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses 
and Senior comprehensive examination. 

The core courses in the major include the fol- 
lowing which are listed in the order in which 
they should be taken. All courses require a grade 
of C or better to qualify for graduation in the 

1. Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

4. Group Dynamics 

5. Development of Human of Consciousness 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Internship in Human Development 
10. Senior Seminar 

The extensive 210-hour internship and a mini- 
mum of five (5) other courses are required in the 
emphasis area of the student's choice. Students 
may choose an area of emphasis in mental health, 
wellness and holistic health, youth services, or 
social worL Only in special cases may the stu- 
dent in conjunction with a Mentor design an 
alternative area. 

To minor in human development a student must 
complete Introduction to Human Development, 
Counseling Strategies Theory and Practice, and 
three of the following: Social Ecology and Men- 
tal Health, Ethical Issues in Human Develop- 
ment, Development of Human Consciousness, 
or Group Dynamics. 

HDA 101 Introduction to Human 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community family support systems; relationships 
between personal values and life problems. Field 

HDA 2028 Human Development: 
Culture and Identity 

Explores patterns of social and personality de- 
velopment. Students build connections between 
texts, lectures and their own development. 


Human Development 

HDA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Behaviors, attitudes and problems of adolescents. 
Controversial social and values issues. Prerequi- 
site: PSB lOlS or HDA 101 or permission of in- 
structor. Not offered on a regular basis. 

HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Gender Issues 

Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual differences, 
effects on mental health and unifying aspects of 
masculine/feminine nature; influence of culture, 
understanding socialization processes. Recom- 
mended: HDA 101 or PSB lOlS or SLB lOlS. 

HDA 205 Theory and Practice in Student 

Theoretical and philosophical foundations of post- 
secondary student affairs profession, functional 
units, organizational approaches, current issues, 
necessary skills. Prerequisite: HDA 101 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

HDA 207 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, in- 
cluding participation, observation and analysis; 
investigation of roles of group members, transi- 
tional stages, leadership, and group functioning. 

HDA 208E Basic Concepts in Wellness 
and Holistic Health (Directed Study 

Attaining and maintaining health through nutri- 
tion, physical fitness, weight control, stress man- 
agement, substance use, personal intimacy, emo- 
tional and spiritual well-being. 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, Scape- 
goat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their continued 
effect on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, benefits/ 
losses of specific roles. Compare healthy and dys- 
functional families. Prerequisite: HDA 101 or PSB 

HDA 210 Counseling Strategies: Theory 
and Practice 

Review of schools of thought on systems of coun- 
seling and personal growth. For students plan- 
ning to use counseling related skills in their ca- 
reers. Prerequisite: HDA 101 or PSB lOlS or 
permission of instructor. 

HDA 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. General systems frame- 
work utilized. Current professional trends in the 
local community, newspaper reading and guest 
lecturers. Prerequisite: HDA 101. 

HDA 271 Leadership and Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for structured groups in health, men- 
tal health, leisure, education, and other settings 
to meet needs and interests of different popula- 
tions. Prerequisite: HDA 101, 207. 

HDA 305 Human Diversity: Overcoming 

Characteristics, needs and intervention implica- 
tions for handicapped populations. Prerequisites: 
SLB lOlS or HDA 101. Not offered yearly. 

HDA 310 Expressive Therapy 

Expressive therapy in hospitals, agencies, nurs- 
ing homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HDA 210. Not offered 

HDA 321 Practicum in Leadership and 
Programming (Directed Study available) 

Supervised leadership and programming experi- 
ence. Class discussions and problem solving. 
Minimum 96 hours of field work. Prerequisite: 
HDA 101 and 271, permission of instructor and 
Junior or Senior standing. 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 
(Directed Study available) 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and 
vocational aspects. Theory, research, alternative 
health care, counseling procedures. Prerequisites: 
HDA 101, 208E, 210 or permission of instruc- 
tor. Generally offered alternate years. 

HDA 327 Social Ecology and Mental 

Theory, practice, development and evaluation of 
community mental health systems. Survey of lo- 
cal programs; overview of prevention and early 
intervention strategies; practice in designing pro- 
grams for the Eckerd College community. Pre- 
requisites: PSB lOlS or HDA 101, HDA 210, 
andBEB 160M. 


Human Development 

HDA 328 Crosscultural Communication 
and Counseling 

The elements of culture and their influence on 
world view, language, contextual definitions of 
proper communication; theories of crosscultural 
communication; cognitive, affective, verbal and 
non-verbal dimensions of communication. Expe- 
riential practice. Prerequisite: HDA 210. 

HDA 383S Development of Human 

Investigate theories, practices and research in 
normal and altered state of consciousness. Forms 
of consciousness leading to better health, well 
being, creativity and spiritual, valuing dimensions 
of life. 

HDA 386S Ethical Issues in Human 

Ways that people express their personal, 
professional, and cultural values as they struggle 
with challenging decisions in bioethics and in 
the helping professions such as counseling, the 
law, ministry, and health care. 

HDA 401 Internship in Human 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site 
hours of off-campus placements, such as centers 
for drug abuse, delinquency, women's services, 
mental health. Prerequisite: Senior standing and 
permission of instructor. 

HDA 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing indi- 
vidual problems and strengths. Role played and 
videotaped counseling sessions, supervised coun- 
seling experience appropriate to student's level. 
Prerequisites: HDA 210. 

HDA 404 Leadership and Administrative 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human ser- 
vice organizations, administrative tools and tech- 
niques, facilitating the change process, value ten- 
sions and coping with strategies. Junior or Se- 
nior standing or permission of instructor. 

HDA 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory, process and clinical applications of group 
counseling. Use of group techniques with differ- 
ent populations and settings. Videotaped and role 
played group sessions. Prerequisites: PSB lOlS 
or HDA 101, HDA 201, HDA 207 with a C or 

HDA 410 Human Development Senior 

Relationship of self-esteem to social and personal 
failures, such as crime, substance abuse, welfare 
dependency, dropouts, etc. Ways to develop self- 
esteem and the place of values and ethics in this 
process. Field trips, guest speakers, projects, per- 
sonal growth. 


Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordi- 
nated by the Letters Collegium. Working to- 
gether, the student and Mentor design a ten- 
course program focusing on a central topic (e.g., 
historical period, geographical area, cultural/in- 
tellectual movement), using the methodology of 
one core discipline (art, foreign language, history, 
literature, music, philosophy, political science, re- 
ligion, sociology, theatre), supplemented with 
courses from complementary disciplines. Hu- 
manities students are encouraged to participate 
in integrative humanities courses, such as the 
Letters Senior Seminar. 

Five courses must be from the core discipline. 
The other five courses may be drawn from 
complementary disciplines. At least five courses 
must be beyond the introductory level. No later 
than the Junior year, a guiding committee of three 
faculty from disciplines in the student's program 
is selected. This committee designs and evalu- 
ates the Senior comprehensive examination, or 
may invite the student to write a Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the Humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of the topical focus from an inter- 
disciplinary perspective, demonstrated by the 
ability to speak and write intelligently about 

— ability to understand and use the methodologi- 
cal processes of the core discipline, demon- 
strated by the successful completion of a com- 
prehensive exam, thesis, or project 

— ability to locate bibliographical information 
and to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 


International Business 


The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies 
and experiences related to career opportunities 
and/or preparation for graduate work. The com- 
petencies achieved in the major are: 

— knowledge of international business fields 
within a multidisciplinary perspective, includ- 
ing anthropology, management, foreign lan- 
guage, foreign experience, economics, politi- 
cal science, culture area, marketing, account- 
ing and finance, 

— cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on crosscultural 
issues in business and community life. 

— preparation for careers in international busi- 

— preparation for graduate degree programs in 
the field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are: 


Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent with a 
minimum average of 2.0. 

Foreign Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology with a C or bet- 
ter, one cultural area course, and two courses to 
be chosen from a list of internationally focused 
economics and /or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of 
Macroeconomics, Principles of Marketing, The 
Managerial Enterprise, Finance, the latter three 
courses with a C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International Busi- 
ness, International Marketing, International Fi- 
nance and Banking, and the comprehensive ex- 
amination, all with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, College Algebra, Cal- 
culus I or Introduction to Computer Science. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 

program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty committee. 
International students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 
Introduction to Anthropology 
Cultural Area course 
Mathematics requirement 
Cultural Environment of International 

Sophomores and Juniors 

Foreign experience 




Managerial Enterprise 

International politics and/or economics 


International Finance and Banking 

International Marketing 

Senior Comprehensive Examination 

Requirements for a minor include successful 
completion of ANC 201 S, IBC 261, IBC 485, 
IBC 486, and an overseas winter term or other 
program in a foreign country. 

IBC/ANC/MNB 260 The Cultural 
Environment of International Business 

IBC/ANC/MNB 261 International 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

IBC/MNB 275S The Sex-Role 
Revolution in Management 

Issues related to the history, problems and pros- 
pects of women in management. The impact of 
the sex-role revolution on women and men in 
corporations (the course is not for women only). 

IBC/MNB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psy- 
chology, sociology, anthropology) to understand- 
ing the consumer decision-making process. The 
impact and value issues of the consumer move- 


International Business 

IBC/MNB 368 The Managerial 

Concepts, theories and management styles of 
contemporary managers. Communication, moti- 
vation, planning, directing, controlling, organiz- 
ing. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distribut- 
ing and marketing goods and services. Prerequi- 
site: Junior or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 373 Marketing 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, public- 
ity, merchandising, direct selling, and sales pro- 
motion. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development. Market research, cost/ rev- 
enue breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369, BEB 160M. 

ICB/MNB 375 Marketing Channels and 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency 
and economy. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 376 Personnel Management 

Theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, includ- 
ing job definition, staffing, training and develop- 
ment, compensation and benefits, labor relations, 
environmental analysis and himian resource plan- 
ning and controlling. Prerequisite: Junior or Se- 
nior standing. 

IBC/MNB 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the invest- 
ment world with emphasis on the private sector. 
Prerequisites: MNB 271 and two of IBC/MNB 
368, ECB281S, ECB282S. 

IBC/MNB 379 Retail Organization and 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facili- 
ties, personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, re- 
search techniques, store images, market targets. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 380 Sales Management 
Communication skills, buyer's motivations, indi- 
vidual demonstrations of the basic steps to sell- 
ing, illustrating how selling is a catalyst for the 
entire economy and for society in general. Pre- 
requisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 396/496 Personnel Planning 
and Industry Research I, II 

Theory and practice of personnel and human re- 
sources management (PHRM) planning and ap- 
plied research in organizations. Students partici- 
pate in ongoing industry research projects of the 
Human Resource Institute (e.g., personnel strate- 
gic planning, environmental scanning for person- 
nel functions such as recruitment and training). 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 376 and permission of 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International 

Senior seminar for international business majors. 
Study moral issues and ethical problems to un- 
derstand complexities, interplay of values, law and 
ethics as they affect international business praxis. 

IBC/MNB 475 Investment Analysis 

Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using 
the computer and other sophisticated techniques. 
Prerequisites: IBC/MNB 377 or 378. 

IBC/MNB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ven- 
tures contributing to society. Entrepreneurial 
project. Prerequisites: MNB 278, IBC/MNB 368, 
369, 377 or 378. MNB 498 may be taken con- 

IBC/MNB 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 486 International Finance and 

International banking system, foreign exchange 
risk management, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prereq- 
uisite: ECB 282S, and MNB 377 or 378. 


International Education 

IBC/MNB 496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research 11 

For description see IBC/MNB 396. 

IBC 498 Multinational Corporate 

Comprehensive offered during spring semester. 



ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 
1760 -1960 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner studied 
in depth. Collections of George III, Sir John 
Soane, Duke of Wellington and other connois- 
seurs of the period discussed. Visits to museums 
and galleries. 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) A History of 
English Architecture 

For the London semester student, an introduc- 
tion to the history of English architecture, from 
Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No prerequi- 
sites, but some contact with art or art history is 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 

Evolution of economic ideas in the West, and 
linkage with changing political conditions. Pre- 
requisite: microeconomics and macroeconomics, 
or permission of instructor. 

HII 310 (Directed Study) History of 
England to 1688 

HII 311 (Directed Study) History of 
Modern Britain Since 1688 

HII 312 (Directed Study) History of 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 350 (Directed Study) The Maritime 
Heritage of England 

The influence of the sea on the English nation, 
its contribution to economic development and 
the values of its people, through readings and 
visits to museums and historic sites. 

INI 389C British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. 
The historical, institutional and contemporary 
issues of Britain, with particular attention to Lon- 

don. Visiting experts in various fields, excursions 
and readings help students develop understand- 
ing of Britain today. 

The British Seminar is valid as a Cross-Cultural 
Perspective course in Comparative Cultures, Cre- 
ative Arts and Letters. It is not valid as a Cross- 
Cultural Perspective course in Behavioral or 
Natural Sciences. 

LII 322 London in Literature 

Read authors chosen from various periods for 
their quality as writers, as well as their focus on 
the London of their day. Visit museums and 
houses of authors. 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to 
Contemporary British Politics 

Major issues in contemporary British politics: the 
changing setting, need for institutional reform, 
mark of Thatcherism. British developments and 
decisions in the context of domestic constraints 
and imperatives. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an examina- 
tion of the institutions which shape their lives. 
Prerequisite: PSB 202 or a course in child devel- 
opment and consent of the instructor. 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and 
guest lectures, covering drama from classical to 
modern. For students with a general interest in 
theatre, of whatever major. 


Eckerd College cooperates with several institu- 
tions to provide students with opportunities in 
other overseas locations. In all cases, courses are 
chosen at the time of registration at the host uni- 

CIEE (Council on International 
Educational Exchange) 

Study abroad opportunities for a semester are 
available through CIEE in such locations as 
France, Spain, and others. 


International Relations and Global Affairs 


Full year and semester exchanges with ISEP or 
CIEE. Semester or year in Aix-en-Provence or 
Avignon in cooperation with the Institute for 
American Universities. Prerequisite: two years of 
college level French. 


Semester abroad in Freiburg, in cooperation with 
Stetson University or with ISEP. Prerequisite: two 
years of college German language and humani- 

ISEP (International Student Exchange 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester 
or year at one of over 100 locations throughout 
the world. Students enroll in universities abroad. 
Fees are paid to Eckerd College, and all scholar- 
ships, loans and grants apply as is on campus. 


Full-year exchange opportunities at Kansai Gaidai 
(Osaka) or Nanzan University (Nagoya). Full range 
of courses. Classes in English. Minimum of one 
year Japanese required prior to exchange. 


Semester or full-year at Ewha Woman's Univer- 
sity (Seoul). Wide range of courses. Classes in 
English. No language prerequisite. 

The Partnership for ServicC'Learning 

Semester abroad programs in Ecuador, France, 
Israel, Jamaica, Mexico and the Philippines. In 
addition to taking courses in foreign language, 
culture, and institutions in society, students de- 
vote 20 hours a week working with a government, 
collegial or private service agency in the local 
community as part of their curriculum. 


Semester abroad in Madrid, in cooperation with 
Stetson University. Prerequisite: two years of col- 
lege level Spanish. Language, humanities. Year 
program available through ISEP or CIEE. 


The international relations and global affairs ma- 
jor is designed to provide students with an un- 
derstanding of the international political and 

economic factors, relationships, and issues shap- 
ing today's global community. It is an interdisci- 
plinary major, but its home discipline is political 
science. Students majoring in international rela- 
tions and global affairs affiliate with the Behav- 
ioral Science Collegium and will be associates of 
the political science faculty. 

Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs will gain competency in interna- 
tional political, economic, and foreign policy 
analysis, proficiency in a foreign language, and 
skills in research, writing, and oral communica- 
tion. Students will also gain practical experience 
in international relations through their work in 
their international practicum. Students will be 
prepared to go on to graduate study in interna- 
tional relations, the foreign service, or law. They 
will also be well prepared for a career in the in- 
ternational non-governmental community, ser- 
vice organizations, interest groups, or journalism. 

The major requirements consist of three prereq- 
uisite courses: POB 103C Introduction to Inter- 
national Relations, ECB 282S Principles of 
Macroeconomics, and HIC/HIL 234C Twenti- 
eth Century World, plus six core courses distrib- 
uted across the three core groups listed below. 
Also required are Statistical Methods, two and a 
half years of a foreign language, the international 
practicum, the World Citizen Senior Seminar, and 
the Senior Comprehensive Exam. Students ma- 
joring in international relations and global af- 
fairs are also strongly encouraged to spend a se- 
mester or at least a winter term abroad. 

Beyond the three prerequisite courses already 
listed, a minimum of six core courses are required 
for the major, with at least two courses taken 
from each of the following core groups: Group 
A— International Relations Theory, Foreign Policy, 
and Diplomacy; Group B— Regional Studies; 
Group C— International Political Economy. The 
list of courses for each group includes: 

Group A. International Relations Theory, 
Foreign Policy, and Diplomacy Group: 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

HlC 233C Global History in the Modern 


HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

POB 314 International Organization 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 


International Relations and Global Affairs 

(Additional courses focusing on the theory and 
practice of international relations from a prima- 
rily political science perspective may soon be 
developed and added to this list.) 

Group B. Regional Studies Group: Students 
must take at least two courses, one each from 
different regions and one each from different dis- 

ANC 203C Cultures of the Middle East 
ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 
ANC 282C East Asian Area Studies 
ANC 285C Latin American Area Studies 
ANC 286C Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 
HIC 244C Cultural History of Russia 
HIC 343 Modern Russia and the Soviet 

HIC 380C Japanese Cultural History 
HIL 342 The Rise of Russia 
HIL 361 Modern France 
HIL 365 Topics in European Women's 

HIL 371 Latin American History 
HIL 389 History of Eastern Europe 
LIA 334 20th Century European Fiction 
FOB 211 C Inter-American Relations 
FOB 231 East Asian Politics 
FOB 311 Latin American Folitics 
FOB 321 C Comparative European Folitics 
FOB 322 Authoritarian Folitical Systems 
FOB 324 East European Folitics 
FOB 333 Government and Folitics of Japan 


Lie 234 20th Century Russian 

Literature in Translation 
SFC 302A Survey of Spanish American 


Group C. International Political Economy 
(IPE) Group: 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 
ECB 388 Economic Development 
ECB 480 International Economics: 

Foreign Exchange 
ECB 481 International Economic: Trade 
(Additional courses relating to the fields of inter- 
national political economy and international eco- 
nomics may soon be developed and added to this 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the 
six core courses, and Statistical Methods, the 
major requires each of the following: 

Language Requirement: At least two and a half 
years (five semesters) of college level foreign lan- 
guage or the equivalent. More years of language, 
or a second foreign language are strongly encour- 

International Practicum: A type of internship 
that counts as at least one course credit and has 
both practical and reflective components. The 
practicum must have a clear international com- 
ponent if based locally or within the US; it may 
include an independent study project abroad or 
a service abroad component. The student will 
work closely with a member of the political sci- 
ence faculty (or faculty from other disciplines 
represented in the major) in arranging for the 
practicum. The student is responsible for inform- 
ing herself or himself of the available types of 
practicums, for choosing one that meets her or 
his needs, and for fulfilling the terms of the 
practicum contract in a timely manner. 

World Citizen Senior Seminar: This senior 
capstone course will be organized in cooperation 
with ASFEC and led by a distinguished person 
with practical experience in the field of interna- 
tional relations. Each year a visiting World Citi- 
zen in Residence, such as a former diplomat or a 
person experienced in the work of international 
non-governmental organizations will be invited 
to organize and lead the World Citizen Seminar. 
Seniors will also be involved in the organization 
of seminar topics and public forums focusing on 
issues, problems, and case studies in international 
relations with guests from ASFEC and outside. 

Senior Comprehensive Exam 

Students may also minor in international rela- 
tions and global affairs by successfully complet- 
ing Introduction to International Relations, four 
core courses beyond the introductory level and 
distributed across each of the three core groups, 
and the World Citizen Senior Seminar. 


International Studies 


An interdisciplinary major in international stud- 
ies should form a consistent pattern of courses 
that focus on one foreign nation or cultural area 
of the world, or on a global topic involving na- 
tions from different parts of the world. The ma- 
jor includes language study, courses in the same 
cultural area of the world, courses in a particular 
discipline, and study abroad for a year or semes- 

The major consists of a minimum or ten courses, 
not including the required foreign language study. 
Students should begin with two required courses: 
Introduction to Anthropology, and Introduction 
to International Relations or Introduction to 
Comparative Politics. They should begin their 
foreign language study immediately, since it is 
often necessary to have completed a minimum 
of two years of college level foreign language prior 
to study abroad. A minimum of five courses must 
be taken from one core discipline (anthropology, 
economics, history or political science), and these 
must comply with the sequencing requirements 
for the specified discipline. Also, a minimum of 
three courses in a cultural area of the world re- 
lated to the foreign language study is required. 
At least six of the ten required courses must be 
beyond the introductory level. 

Students should plan their program in interna- 
tional studies in consultation with their Mentor, 
supervised also by a three-member faculty com- 
mittee including one faculty member from the 
core discipline, the coordinator of the major, and 
one other faculty member who is familiar with 
the student's work. International students should 
confer with their Mentors concerning specific 
requirements. All international studies majors 
must successfully pass the senior comprehensive 

Students who complete the international stud- 
ies major demonstrate the following competen- 

— acquaintance with one modern foreign lan- 
guage, including an understanding of its gram- 
matical structure, acquisition of basic vocabu- 
lary, and oral expression. 

— knowledge of the social, political, and cultural 
structures of one particular country or area of 
the world. 

— understanding of the disciplinary perspective 
of one chosen discipline. 


ability to write, think, and speak effectively in 
communicating the interrelatedness of peoples 
and cultures. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Modern Languages. 


JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 
(Directed Study available by petition only 
for Seniors) 

Team-taught interdisciplinary capstone Senior 
seminar examines the values and perspectives of 
the Judaeo-Christian tradition applied to contem- 
porary issues. Required for all Seniors. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Classical Languages. 


For description see Anthropology. 



Students majoring in literature develop compe- 
tencies in analysis and interpretation of texts, 
skills in presenting ideas in writing and discus- 
sion, awareness of English and American liter- 
ary traditions and cultural contexts, research 
skills, and appreciation for literature as an art. 

Students must have a Mentor in the literature 
discipline, preferably chosen by the second se- 
mester of the Sophomore year, and must take a 
minimum of eight literature courses, including 
at least one from English literature prior to 1 800, 
one from English literature after 1800, and one 
from American literature. One of these may be 
a writing workshop course. Literature majors work 
out their schedules with their Mentors accord- 
ing to individual needs. Literature majors must 
successfully pass a Senior comprehensive exam, 
covering in survey fashion English, American and 
comparative literature, literary criticism, and 
methodological application; course selections 
should be made with this requirement in mind. 

In exceptional cases, students who have estab- 
lished their proficiency in literature may be in- 
vited to write a Senior thesis in place of the com- 
prehensive exam. Students seeking to major in 
literature in addition to a primary major in an- 
other field must request permission of the fac- 
ulty in literature as soon as possible, but not later 
than the second semester of the Junior year. 

Courses are divided into three categories: intro- 
duction to study of literature (typically 100 level 
courses) and perspective courses; mid-level (typi- 
cally 200-300 level courses), and advanced 
(courses with prerequisites. Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students wishing to double major in literature 
and creative writing need to complete all courses 
for each major program, independent of courses 
taken to fulfill requirements for the other major. 
However, literature courses taken for a major in 
creative writing may be counted for a minor in 

For a minor in literature students take five courses 
in literature, one of which may be a writing work- 
shop, three of which must be Eckerd College 
courses, and two of which must be at the 300 
level or above. Four courses taken at Eckerd must 
be taught by faculty in the literature discipline. 

LIA 101 Introduction to Literature: 
Short Fiction 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on criti- 
cal thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA/LIL 102 Introduction to Literature: 
The Genres 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-fiction, concentrating 
on critical thinking, clear, concise written and 
spoken exposition, and values embodied in great 
works. Attendance is required. 

LIA 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Major forms and traditions through established 
and experimental examples from English and 
American poets. Lyric, narrative, ballad, sonnet, 

LIL 171 Drama as Genre 

Tragedy, comedy, and tragicomedy: the impor- 
tance of language, from poetry to slang. Writ- 
ings of important critics through the ages. The- 
atre productions, televised plays. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective. 

LIL 205A Women as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for 
women, what it is to be human, and values 
choices. Conceptions of women through the ages 
as presented in literature. 

LIL 206A Men and Women in Literature 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for men 
and women involved in societal or individual 
choices, through the study of great works of West- 
ern literature. 

LIL 208A Truth and Narrative 

The relationship of truth to the medium of nar- 
rative. Criteria for judging truth in scientific, 
historiographic, religious or literary narratives. 
Practice in intellectual discussion, reasoned ar- 
gumentation, clear writing. 

LIL 210A Human Experience in 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experi- 
ence, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, 
the presence of death) approached through great 
poems, stories and plays. Literature from 400 
B.C. to the present. 



LIA 221 American Literature I: The 
Puritans to Whitman 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century 
America. The development and transfiguration 
of American attitudes toward nature, religion, 
government, slavery, etc., traced through liter- 
ary works. 

LIL 222 American Literature II 

Survey of American literature from the mid 19th 
century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, James, 
Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, O'Neill, 
Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Connor, Welty 
and a range of contemporaries. 

LIL 223 American Literature III 

Major writers and literary works from 1920 to 
present. Important movements such as the 
Harlem Renaissance, Modernism, ethnic writing, 
the search for meaning, experimentation in form. 

LIA 225 Modern American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrat- 
ing on the meaning and values expressed in the 
poems, the development of modernism, and the 
reflection of America as our society developed. 

LIA 226A Literary Genres: Short Novels 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how literature embod- 
ies values, and practice in the enunciation and 
defense of reasoned critical opinions. Attendance 
is required. 

LIA 228A The American Short Story: 
Fiction into Film 

Literature of 19th and 20th century America: 
humorists, poets, novelists, dramatists and short 
story writers, including Twain, Dickinson, Eliot, 
Frost, Henry James, Hemingway, Faulkner, 
O'Neill, Williams, O'Connor, Baldwin, Welty. 
Attendance required. 

LIA/ANC 230 Linguistics 

For description see Anthropology. 

LIC/RUC 232 Russian Classics in 

LIC/RUC 234 Russian Literature in 

For descriptions see Russian Studies. 

LIL 235 Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic 
genre: comedy, tragedy, history and romance. 
Learn to appreciate and evaluate his writings, and 
the characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LIL/THA 236/7 History of Drama I and 

Two semester course; either may be taken inde- 
pendently. Part I includes Greek drama through 
the Restoration and 1 8th century. Part II includes 
pre-modern, modern and contemporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: to 1800 
General survey from the Old English to the 
Neoclassic period, highlighting the historical tra- 
ditions which the authors create and upon which 
they draw. 

LIL 239 English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 
to the present, including Romantic, Victorian, 
modern and contemporary writers. The histori- 
cal tradition and outstanding individual artists. 

LIA 241 A Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their narrative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement 
of the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some 
of life's great questions as revealed by masterful 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native 
American Literature 

Emphasis on Navajo, Pueblo and Kiowa oral 
narrative, autobiography, essay, poetry, fiction, 

LIA 250 (Directed Study) Children's 

The best of children's literature in various genres. 
Students do either a creative (e.g., writing 
children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on his- 
tory of nursery rhymes) project. 

LIL 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare 

For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 Intro- 
duction to Shakespeare, or those wishing to pur- 
sue further work on Shakespeare independently. 

LIL 252A African-American Literary 

A chronology of African American history, trac- 
ing the evolution of literary tradition from folk 
cultures, literary and intellectual traditions, to 
current themes. 



LIA 267S Literature of Healing and 

The relationship between the sick person and 
the caregiver, and the relationship between the 
reader and the writer who describes, and some- 
times criticizes, the first relationship, to deepen 
understanding of health care issues. 

LIA 281A The Rise of the Novel: 
Western Narrative I 

Some of the great works of the Western tradi- 
tion, the fantastic and the realistic, following the 
guided dreams of narrative and its exploration 
of our imaginations and our worlds. 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

Modern writers and some of the questions of 
modern times: alienation, depth psychology in 
fiction, assessments of technology and urban life, 
sources of hope in humanism and literary art. 

LIA 301 Southern Literature 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, identi- 
fying what is "Southern" about them. Works by 
McCuUers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Ganes. Attendance required. 

LIA 302 Studies in Fiction 

Topics vary according to student and faculty in- 
terest. Close reading of texts, study of criticism 
and applicable literary theory, library research 
techniques, writing critical prose on the topic. 

LIL 303 18th Century British Literature 

British literature from the death of Dryden to 
the beginning of the Romantic Age. Major writ- 
ers including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, 
Jonson, Fielding, Sterne. Major Enlightenment 
themes and genres. 

LIC/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

For description see Modern Languages, Ger- 

LIL 308 The Poetry of Donne and Jonson 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing 
their ideas and techniques, their relationships to 
themselves, their beloved and the world, and ex- 
amining perplexities held in common across the 

LIL 309 Religion in Literature 

Poems, stories, novels and plays which deal with 
religious experience. Selections from Old Testa- 
ment, Dante, Herbert, Milton, Dickinson, 
Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Eliot, Auden and O'Conner. 

LIL 311 Literature and Myth 

Stories, poems, plays, film which take their ma- 
jor themes and patterns from myth, or which 
attempt to forge alternate myths. Greek to mod- 
ern writers. Readings from anthropologists, other 
social scientists, and myth criticisms. 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

Poems, plays, stories, essays, journals, and other 
genres of literature by women of various cultures 
and languages, primarily over the past century. 
Major social, political and historical movements 
shaping the writer and her world. 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modern 

Survey of British literature from the 1880's to 
World War II, and an attempt to define "mod- 
ernism" in poetry. Poets include Hopkins, Hardy, 
Yeats, Housman, Eliot, Auden and Thomas. 

LIL 322 Modern British Literature 

Readings of period documents in history and so- 
cial sciences; major writers, including Conrad, 
Joyce, Eliot, Woolf and Auden. Does not include 

LIL 323 The Victorian Age in British 

British poetry and prose during the reign of 
Victoria (1837-1901). Major writers including 
Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dickens, 
Ruskin, Hardy. Victorian themes and intellectual 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British 

Pre- Romantics of late 1 8th century through ma- 
jor artists of the next two generations. Burns, 
Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Shelley, 
Keats, Byron. Major Romantic themes and 

LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of early En- 
glish non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on 
Chaucer, Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: 
LIL 235, 238 or permission of instructor. 



LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas and 
attitudes which shape ecological practice. Under- 
standing our heritage and using that knowledge 
to keep the earth household alive and healthy. 

LIA 334 20th Century European Fiction 

Novels representing various countries, dominant 
literary movements and most influential authors. 
One or more novels may be read in the original 
language. Prerequisite: one college level literature 

LIL 338 20th Century Drama: British/ 


Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences 
which helped shape modern drama. 

LIL/REL 342A The Art of Biblical 

For description see Religious Studies. 

LIA 347 Great Prose 

Non-fiction prose, largely from the Western tra- 
dition, asking how authors use language to en- 
quire into various topics and to lead the mind 
and imagination of the reader. 

LIA 349A Fiction from Around the 

Modern fiction from various parts of the globe . 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction as 
a means of representing human experience, both 
in values questions and literary elements (plot, 
character, image, etc.). 

LIA 350 (Directed Study) Modern 
American Novel 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the 
first half of the 20th century from Dreiser 
through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes and analy- 
sis of writing style. 

LIA 351 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
American Women Artists and Writers 
(c. 1900-1935) 

Women artists and writers in the social and cul- 
tural context of their times. Students choose from 
among photography, dance, poetry, prose. Pre- 
requisite: Sophomore or higher. 

LIC/GRC 351 Literature, Life and Works 
of Franz Kafka 
(Directed Study available) 
For description see Modern Languages, Ger- 

LIA/LIL 361 Literary Criticism 

A study of literary theory and criticism using the 
most important figures in the West from Plato 
to the present. Prerequisite: one college literature 

LIA/THA 3 62 A Film and Literature 

Elements of film production, major film genres, 
literary sources and analogues, and some of the 
critical approaches of film study. 

LIA 368 Literature of Fact 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvement, ethical responsibilities 
studied through non-fiction writers. 

LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, televi- 
sion. Critical opinions on what distinguishes the 
tragic and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses 
in literature. 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding the 
Goddess, "god-talk," and "god-thinking" through 
the study of Christian mystics, Jungian psycholo- 
gists, contemporary poets, novelists and theolo- 

LIA 381 Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it 
evolves. Selections from several strands of cur- 
rent writing in America, traditional and experi- 
mental, male and female, urban and rural, white 
and black. 

LIA 382A Contemporary American 

Poems of post-1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between the 
poet and society. 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 

Women in the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 




LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting 
from such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, 
Mailer, O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. 
Attendance is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 
Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permis- 
sion of instructor. 

LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in the 

context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 Poetry of Eliot and Yeats 
Transformation of Romanticism through the 
works of two of the greatest poets of the past 
hundred years. 

LIL 440 The Mythical Method: Yeats, 
Eliot and Joyce 

The narrative method of telling a story with be- 
ginning, middle and end, compared with experi- 
ments of three modern masters with an alterna- 
tive method, fragments unified by reference to 

LIA/LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary 

Important approaches to literature and language 
in the 20th century, including New Critical, 
Marxist, Psychoanalytic, Structuralist, 
Phenomenologist, Mythic, Feminist, New Histori- 
cal, Deconstructionist. Prerequisite: two college 
level literature courses. 


See International Education. 


The management program rests on two princi- 
pal foundations: teaching management in a lib- 
eral arts environment and teaching the general 
management core requirements that comprise the 
accepted body of knowledge in the discipline. The 
management program is designed to prepare the 
student for an entry level managerial position in 
an organization or for graduate school. The ulti- 
mate goal of the program is to prepare students 
for responsible management and leadership po- 
sitions in business and society, both domestic 
and international. 

The management program is designed to meet 
the needs of three categories of students: under- 
graduate majors in management, minors in man- 
agement, and dual majors; and to integrate the 
general education and liberal arts emphasis 
throughout the four-year program of instruction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management 
is viewed as a liberal art The management pro- 
gram stresses developing ideas, problem solving, 
and communicating solutions rather than the 
routine and mechanical application of knowledge 
and skills. The management program emphasizes 
critical thinking, effective writing, asking prob- 
ing questions, formulating solutions to complex 
problems, and assessing ethical implications of 

The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competen- 
cies that students need to acquire but which do 
not fit neatly into the boundaries of the core 
management requirements described above. 
These skills build upon related competencies 
which students acquire in the general education 
program. These are: critical thinking, decision 
making and problem solving, negotiating and 
resolving conflicts, systemic thinking, informa- 
tion processing, entrepreneurship, introspection, 
cross-cultural skills and international perspec- 
tives, communication, and computer skills. As 
part of the liberal arts emphasis, the management 
discipline addresses individual and societal val- 
ues as a component of each course in the pro- 

In addition to these liberal arts-related compe- 
tencies, students in the management program 
also develop the following management compe- 
tencies which build upon the general education 



— management under uncertain conditions in- 
cluding policy determination at the senior man- 
agement level. 

— production and marketing of goods and ser- 
vices and financing the organization. 

— knowledge of the economics of the organiza- 
tion and of the larger environment within 
which the organization operates. 

— knowledge of the legal environment of organi- 
zations along with the ethical issues and so- 
cial and political influences on organizations. 

— concepts of accounting, quantitative methods, 
and management information systems includ- 
ing computer applications. 

— organizational behavior, interpersonal commu- 
nications, and personnel human resource man- 
agement theory and practice. 

The course sequence for a major in management 
is as follows: 


CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

Science or 

MNB 210 Computer Applications 

BEB 160M Statistics or 

MNB/MAN 120 Quantitative Methods 
(prerequisite: MAN 1 05M or placement 
at the H level, and BEB 160M or MAN 

Freshmen or Sophomores 

MNB 272 Management Information Systems 
(prerequisites: CSN 143M preferred, or 
MNB 210) 


MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 
ECB 281 S Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Macroeconomics 

(Micro and Macro may be taken in any 



MNB 278 Business Law 

Juniors or Seniors 

IBC/MNB 368 Managerial Enterprise 

(prerequisite: MNB 278 and Junior or Se- 

IBC/MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and Lead- 

(prerequisites: BEB 160M and SLB lOlS 
orPSB lOlS) 

MNB 376 Personnel Management 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business 


IBC/MNB 378 Investment Finance 

(prerequisites: MNB 271 and two of ECB 
281 S, ECB 282S, IBC/MNB 368) 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

(prerequisites: MNB/MAN 120 and Jun- 
ior, or instructor's permission) 


MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic Man- 
agement (comprehensive in management, 
final semester of Senior year) 
(Students may petition for enrollment if 
enrolled in no more than two 300 level 

MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in Man- 

Management majors are required to complete 
each course with a grade of C or better. To 
progress in sequence, and to receive credit for 
core courses in which the student has received a 
D grade, a petition must be submitted and ap- 
proved by the discipline coordinator. 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

A minor in management consists of the follow- 
ing five courses: either Computer Applications 
or Introduction to Computer Science, Manage- 
rial Enterprise, Principles of Marketing, Organi- 
zational Behavior, and either Principles of Ac- 
counting or Finance. 

MNB/MAN 120 Quantitative Methods 

For description see Mathematics. 

MNB/CSN 202 Cobol Programming 
For description see Computer Science. 



MNB 210 Computer Applications 

For students with minimal experience with com- 
puters not planning a computer science major or 
information systems concentration. Major con- 
cepts, word processing, spreadsheet, data base, 
networking software, BASIC programming, con- 
sideration of ethical issues. 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organizational decisions, policies and actions. 
Analyzing situations which require moral deci- 
sions in the organizational context. Sophomore 
or higher standing. 

MNB/SLB 251 Work and Occupations 
(Directed Study available) 

Theories and research explaining occupational 
choice and socialization, labor market segments, 
inter and intragenerational career mobility, 
professionalization, deprofessionalization, future 
trends in occupation. 

MNB/ANCABC 260 The Cultural 
Environment of International Business 

MNB/ANCABC 261 International 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation 
and analysis of financial statements, accumula- 
tion of business operating data and its classifica- 
tion for financial reporting. Balance sheets and 
income statements. 

MNB 272 Management Information 

Decisions that must be made by managers per- 
taining to computers and information systems. 
Computer terminology, hardware and program- 
ming, selecting computer and data base systems, 
etc. Prerequisite: CSN 143M (preferred) or MNB 

MNB 273 Life Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal finan- 
cial plan to increase one's quality of life. Of spe- 
cial interest to non-management majors. 

MNBABC 275S The Sex-Role 

Revolution in Management 

For description see International Business. 

MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of business 
law and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Com- 
mercial Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and 
property, judicial and administrative processes. 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and manu- 
facturing sectors of global economy. Forecasting, 
product and process decisions, capacity planning, 
facility location and layout, project management 
and operations scheduling, inventory planning 
and control, quality control. Prerequisite: MNB/ 
MAN 120 and Junior standing, or instructor's 

MNBABC 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 


For description see International Business. 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 
(Directed Study available) 

Sources, degrees and consequences of bureaucra- 
tization in a wide range of social organizations 
such as work, church, military, schools, hospi- 
tals. Prerequisites: SLB lOlS or PBS lOlS and 
BEB 160M or MNB 371, or permission of in- 

MNB/CSN 360 Database System 
For description see Computer Science. 

MNB 361 Business History 

The growth of managerial enterprise from Colo- 
nial to modern times, its origins and develop- 
ment and the individuals important in its evolu- 
tion. Prerequisites: MNB 368 and one course in 
American history. For Juniors and Seniors only. 

MNBABC 368 The Managerial 


For description see International Business. 

MNBABC 369 Principles of Marketing 
For description see International Business. 

MNB/SLB 371 Organizational Behavior 
and Leadership 

Major factors affecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizational factors, leadership. Prereq- 
uisite: BEB 160M and SLB lOlS or PSB lOlS. 



MNB 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating manage- 
ment in decision making: determination of prod- 
uct cost and profitability, budgeting, profit plan- 
ning, utilization of standard cost and financial 
statement analysis. Prerequisite: MNB 271. 

MNBABC 373 Marketing 

MNB/IBC 374 Market Intelligence 

MNBABC 375 Marketing Channels and 

MNB/IBC 376 Personnel Management 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their 
impact on society. Prerequisites: MNB 271 and 
two of MNB 368, ECB 281 S, ECB 282S. 

MNBABC 378 Investment Finance 

MNBABC 379 Retail Organization and 

MNB/IBC 380 Professional Salesmanship 
For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB/ECB 384 Managerial Economics 

MNB/ECB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

For descriptions see Economics. 

MNBABC 396/496 Personnel Planning 

and Industry Research I, II 

For description see International Business. 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 
(Directed Study available) 

Interaction of human communities such as orga- 
nizations, cities, neighborhoods and industries 
with their social and physical environment. Pre- 
requisites: SLB lOlS or PSB lOlS, MNB 371 
and BEB 160M or permission of instructor. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

Senior seminar for management majors. Weekly 
sessions with practicing executives on general 
management topics. Outside research. 

MNB/SLB 45 1 Technology and Society 

Interdependent relationship of technological in- 
novation, adoption, adaptation and diffusion to 
social change. Evolution of modes of production 
and service delivery, organizational structure and 
functioning. Prerequisites: BEB 160M and SLB 
lOlS or PSB lOlS, or permission of instructor. 

MNBABC 475 Investment Analysis 

MNBABC 477 Entrepreneurship 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with foun- 
dations of financial management used in organi- 
zation decision making. Prerequisites: MNB 272, 
377 or 378. 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership expe- 
rience as group trainers using study groups from 
the Managerial Enterprise course. Permission of 
instructor required. 

MNB 482 Proctoring in Organization 

Practical leadership, group consultation and fa- 
cilitation experience using groups from the Or- 
ganizational Behavior and Leadership course. For 
management, human development, personnel 
and human resource management, applied psy- 
chology and sociology majors. Prerequisites: MNB 
371 with a B or better, and permission of in- 

MNBABC 485 International Marketing 

MNBABC 486 International Finance and 

MNBABC 496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research II 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general man- 
agement. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior 
year. Students may petition for enrollment if they 
are enrolled in no more than two 300-level 


Marine Science 


The marine science major provides both an inte- 
grative science background and specialized foun- 
dation work especially suitable for students plan- 
ning professional careers in marine fields. 

Students who complete any track of the marine 
science major demonstrate the following compe- 

— fundamental concepts of biology, chemistry, 
and physical oceanography and marine geol- 

— research methods employed by oceanogra- 
phers, and history of oceanographic explora- 
tion and research. 

— ability to synthesize information from the vari- 
ous marine science disciplines. 

— ability to write and speak well, and discuss 
creative approaches to research questions. 

— ability to understand the nature of values ori- 
ented questions associated with either human 
use of marine resources or human activities in 

— ability to utilize library resources effectively. 

The B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of five 
courses: Introduction to Oceanography, Funda- 
mental Physics I and II, Calculus I, and Chemi- 
cal and Physical Oceanography. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one 
of the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate Bi- 
ology, Marine Botany, Cell Biology, Genetics (In- 
vestigative), Ecology, Comparative Physiology (In- 
vestigative), Calculus II, Marine Geology or Ma- 
rine Invertebrate Paleontology, Organic Structure 
and Reactivity I and II, and Inorganic Chemis- 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Organic Structure 
and Reactivity I and II, Inorganic Chemistry, 
Analytical Chemistry, Biochemistry, Marine 
Geochemistry, Physical Chemistry I, Instrumen- 
tal Analysis, and introductory organismic biol- 
ogy course (Marine Invertebrate Biology, Marine 
Botany, or Vertebrate Biology), Marine Geology 
or Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, and Calcu- 
lus II. 

MARINE GEOLOGY - Marine Geology, Ma- 
rine Invertebrate Paleontology, Earth Materials, 
Earth Structure, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedi- 
mentation, Calculus II, and an introductory or- 
ganismic biology course (Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine Botany, or Vertebrate Biology), 
Organic Structure and Reactivity I, Inorganic 
Chemistry, and an upper level geology course. 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS - an introductory or- 
ganismic biology course (Marine Invertebrate Bi- 
ology, Marine Botany, or Vertebrate Biology), 
Organic Structure and Reactivity I, Inorganic 
Chemistry, Marine Geology, Calculus II, Calcu- 
lus III, Differential Equations, Earth Materials, 
Earth Structure, Exploration Geophysics, and one 
of the following: Hydrology, Marine Stratigraphy 
and Sedimentation, or Linear Algebra. 

Marine science majors are urged to incorporate 
Sea Semester into their Junior or Senior year, or 
participate in an alternative field experience, 
possibly during winter term. 

Students who major in the marine science biol- 
ogy track may not also major in biology. 

Possible sequence of courses: 

Marine Biology Track 


Calculus I and II 
Introduction to Oceanography 
Marine Invertebrate Biology 
Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate 


Marine Botany 

Organic Structure and Reactivity I and II 

Physics I and II 

Cell Biology 



Inorganic Chemistry 
Comparative Physiology or Ecology 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 


Senior Seminar 

Comparative Physiology or Ecology 
Recommended electives: Advanced Ecology, Fish 
Biology, Marine Mammalogy, Vertebrate Biology, 


Marine Science 

M.arine Chemistry Track 


Calculus I and II 

Organic Structure and Reactivity I and II 

Introduction to Oceanography 


Inorganic Chemistry 
Physics I and II 
Analytical Chemistry 


Introductory Organismic Biology 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate 


Marine Geochemistry 
Physical Chemistry I 
Instrumental Analysis 
Senior Seminar 

}Aarine Qeophysics Track 


Introduction to Oceanography 
Calculus I and II 
Physics I and II 
Marine Geology 


Earth Materials 
Calculus III 
Earth Structures 
Differential Equations 


Organic Structure and Reactivity I 
Introductory Organismic Biology 
Linear Algebra 
Exploration Geophysics 


Inorganic Chemistry 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Senior Seminar 
Recommended electives for the above two tracks: 
Hydrology, Marine Geochemistry, Marine Inver- 
tebrate Paleontology, Marine Stratigraphy and 
Sedimentation, Numerical Methods. 

lAarine Qeology Track 


Calculus I and II 

Organic Structure and Reactivity I 
Introduction to Oceanography 
Marine Geology 


Inorganic Chemistry Earth Materials 

Physics I and II 

Paleontology or Earth Structure 


Introductory Organic Biology 
Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 


Earth Structure or Paleontology 

Senior Seminar 
Recommended electives: Hydrology, Exploration 
Geophysics, Marine Geochemistry, Coastal Ge- 

A minor in marine science consists of five courses 
to include the following: Introduction to Ocean- 
ography, Chemical and Physical Oceanography, 
Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate Paleon- 
tology, Marine Invertebrate Biology or Marine 
Botany, and a 200+ level course focusing on ma- 
rine science (e.g., Marine Mammalogy, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimen- 
tation, Comparative Physiology or Ecology). These 
courses must not duplicate courses used by stu- 
dents to satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 119 Introduction to Oceanography 

For both science and non-science students. Bio- 
logical interactions in oceans and how they are 
affected by physical, chemical and geological 
forces. Laboratory and field exercises. 

MSN/BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

MSN/BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate 

For descriptions see Biology. 


Marine Science 

MSN 20 IE The Marine Environment 
(Directed Study available) 
For non-science majors. The effects of the ocean 
on people and of people on the ocean, and the 
scientific principles needed to be a more informed 
citizen and make better decisions. 

MSN 208E Environmental Geology 
Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 
Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceanography. 

MSN 257 Earth Materials 
Rocks and minerals of the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and meta- 
morphic rocks. Prerequisites: MSN 119 and 
MSN 242. 

MSN/BIN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

For description see Biology. 

MSN 303 Exploration Geophysics 

A laboratory course in theory, methods and ap- 
plications; computer methods and geological ap- 
plications emphasized. Prerequisites: MAN 132 
and MSN 207E or 242. 

MSN 304 Marine Invertebrate 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecol- 
ogy of groups of marine invertebrate fossil or- 
ganisms. Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the 
stages in the evolution of marine ecosystems. Field 
trips and labs. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimen- 
tary rocks to infer processes, environments, and 
tectonic settings in the marine environment. Pre- 
requisite: MSN 207E or 242. 

MSN 306 Earth Structure 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale structures in 
rocks, field observations of stress and strain. 
Oceanic and continental structures, theory of 
plate tectonics. Prerequisite: MSN 242 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how 
water moves through the ground, pollution of 
water and other problems. Laboratory involving 
data collection, interpretation, computer work, 
field trips. Prerequisite: PHN 241 or permission 
of instructor. 

MSN/BIN 311 Marine Mammalogy 
For description see Biology. 

MSN 342 Descriptive Physical 

Physical properties of seawater, distributions of 
water characteristics in the oceans, water, salt and 
heat budgets, circulation and water masses, waves 
and tides, coastal oceanography. Prerequisite: 
PHN 241 or permission of instructor. 

MSN 347 Marine Geochemistry 
Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in 
oceans. Fluvial, atmospheric, hydrothermal 
sources of materials, trace elements, sediments, 
interstitial waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MNS 
342 or permission of instructor. 

MSN/BIN 402 Marine Ecology 
For description see Biology. 

MSN 408/410 Marine Science Seminar 
Topical problems in all disciplines of marine sci- 
ence. Junior and Senior marine science majors 
participate for one course credit. Sophomores are 
invited to attend. 

For other courses meeting marine science require- 
ments, see Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, 
Physics, Statistics, and Sea Semester. 


Students majoring in mathematics acquire knowl- 
edge of the basic definitions, axioms, and theo- 
rems of mathematical systems. Moreover, they 
apply mathematical reasoning within many dif- 
ferent contexts and they develop proficiency in 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of eight mathematics 
courses numbered above MAN 233. Addition- 
ally, the Mathematics/Physics Seminar is required 
in the Junior and Senior years. 



Students may augment their curriculum with a 
variety of independent study courses in selected 
topics but, at a minimum, the course require- 
ments for the mathematics major consist of the 
sequence: Calculus I, Calculus II and then eight 
mathematics courses numbered above MAN 233. 

Competencies in the major are attained through 
the successful completion of these courses and 
the completion of a comprehensive examination 
or thesis with a final grade of C or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is deter- 
mined by evaluation of high school mathematics 
transcripts. Consideration is given toward ad- 
vanced placement within the curriculum. 

A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a 
grade of C or better. Three of the courses must 
be numbered above MAN 233. 

MAN 102M Philosophy of Mathematics 

The intellectual development of mathematical 
thought. Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Newton, 
Einstein and others studied in a historical and 
philosophical context. Some computing required 
but skill or knowledge in a programming lan- 
guage not needed. 

MAN 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, probabil- 
ity, statistics, consumer mathematics. Students 
use calculators and computers. 

MAN 105M Precalculus 

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, and trigono- 
metric functions. Analytic geometry, curve 
sketching, mathematical induction, equations and 

MAN/MNB 120 Quantitative Methods 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists 
make decisions. Prerequisite: MAN 105M or 
placement at the H level and MAN 1 33 or BES 

MAN 131M Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of dif 
ferentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching. Ri- 
emann Sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. Prerequi- 
site: Placement at the H level. 

MAN 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of MAN 131M. Exponential, loga- 
rithmic and trigonometric functions, formal in- 
tegration techniques and applications. Taylor 
polynomials and infinite series. Prerequisite: 
MAN 131M. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

Emphasis on concepts, methods, and applications 
useful in the natural sciences. Elementary prob- 
ability theory and random variables, common 
discrete, continuous probability distributions. 
Statistics and sampling distributions, estimation 
and hypothesis testing, simple regression. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 131M. Credit for only one of 
MAN 133orBEB 160M. 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permu- 
tations, combinations; introduction to probabil- 
ity, logic. Boolean algebra, difference equations. 
Emphasis on discrete rather than continuous as- 
pects. Prerequisite: MAN 131M. 

MAN 233 Calculus III 

Continuation of MAN 132. Three-dimensional 
analytic geometry, partial and directional deriva- 
tives, extrema of functions of several variables, 
multiple integrals. Prerequisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and imiqueness theorems, nth-order lin- 
ear differential equations, Laplace transforms, 
systems of ordinary differential equations, series 
solutions and numerical methods. Prerequisite: 
MAN 132. 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 
Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisites: MAN 131M and per- 
mission of instructor, or MAN 132. 

MAN 237 Introduction to Mathematical 

Abstract mathematical reasoning and exposition, 
emphasizes writing and understanding math- 
ematical proof, prepositional and predicate cal- 
culus, relations, functions, construction and prop- 
erties of number systems. Prerequisite: MAN 132 
or 143. 



MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 
Classical techniques for optimizing univariate, 
multivariate functions with or without con- 
straints. Linear programming (model, assump- 
tions, simplex method, duality, sensitivity analy- 
sis, applications). Nonlinear programming 
(Lagrange multipliers, Kuhn-Tucker conditions, 
quadratic, convex programming, search tech- 
niques). Prerequisite: MAN 233 . 

MAN/PHN 251 Mathematical Methods 
of Physics 

Applications of calculus to celestial mechanics, 
electromagnetic field theory, special relativity. 
Differential k-forms, directional derivatives, per- 
turbation theory, differential equations, 
Poincare's method. 

MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence . Mathematical 
theory of probability with applications, combi- 
natorial analysis, axioms of probability, condi- 
tional probability and independence. Univariate, 
jointly distributed random variables, expectation, 
central limit theorem, law of large numbers. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 233. 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Integrates definitions and theorems of probabil- 
ity with graphical descriptive methods of data 
analysis. Rationale of confidence intervals, sig- 
nificance testing, experimental design, statistics 
and sampling distributions, goodness-offit, re- 
gression and linear models. Prerequisite: MAN 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

First in two-course sequence. Integers, groups, 
rings, integral domains, vector spaces, develop- 
ment of fields. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or 236. 
Offered alternate years. 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prerequi- 
site. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 337 Foundations of Geometry 

Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometry with axi- 
omatic approach. Appropriate for prospective 
teachers. Prerequisite: MAN 1 32 or permission 
of instructor. 

MAN 338 Graph Theory 

Directed graphs, spanning trees, and matroids. 
Connectivity and traversability. Covering and 
partitioning theorems. Prerequisite: MAN 236. 

MAN 339 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving techniques for enumeration of 
finite sets. Permutations and combinations, gen- 
erating functions, principle of inclusion and ex- 
clusion, recurrence relations, Polya's theory of 
counting and fundamentals of graph theory. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 340 Dynamical Systems 
An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modelling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, selfsimi- 
larity, iterated function systems. Prerequisite: 
MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

MAN/CSN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Methods for solving an equation or systems of 
equations. Interpolating polynomials, numerical 
integration and differentiation, numerical solu- 
tions of ordinary and partial differential equa- 
tions, boundary value problems. Prerequisite: 
MAN 233. 

MAN 351 Fourier Analysis 

Method, justification, applications of represent- 
ing a function by an orthogonal set of functions. 
Necessary analysis, distribution theory, unified 
view of Fourier series, transform and discrete 
Fourier transform, fast Fourier transform algo- 
rithm, sampling theory. Prerequisite: MAN 234. 

NAN 410 Mathematics/Physics Senior 

For description see NAN 438/410. 

MAN 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation proper- 
ties, continuity, homeomorphisms and metric 
and Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MAN 233 or 
consent of instructor. 

MAN 421 Partial Differential Equations 

Modeling and paradigms for solutions. Separa- 
tion of variables, closed form solutions 
(dAlembert and Green's functions), Fourier se- 
ries, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, 
Laplace transforms and numerical methods. Pre- 
requisite: MAN 234. 


Modern Languages 

MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real numbers 
as a complete ordered field, derivatives, Riemann 
integrals, Euclidean n-space, partial derivatives, 
vector-valued functions of vector variables, mul- 
tiple, infinite, line and surface integrals, infinite 
series, Green's and Stoke's theorems. Prerequi- 
site: MAN 233. Offered in alternate years. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prerequi- 
site. Offered alternate years. 

NAN 438/410 MathematicsA'hysics 
Seminar (Z-year sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics and mathematics. Application of the 
mathematical sciences with historical and cultural 
questions included. 

MAN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation 
of the mathematics faculty, do research and write 
a thesis under the direction of a member of that 

KSN 202A Reflections on Reality 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 



The Medical Technology program offers students 
a B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years 
of general studies here and a fourth year of pro- 
fessional coursework at a hospital which has been 
approved by the Council on Medical Education 
of The American Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd College 
must include a minimum of eleven courses in 
the Natural Sciences which are required for certi- 
fication: four courses in biology (including mi- 
crobiology and immunology); four courses in 
chemistry (including organic), one course in math- 
ematics (normally calculus), and two courses in 
physics. Completion of the all-college general edu- 
cation requirements is expected of all graduates. 
Senior general education courses should be taken 
in advance. 

The professional coursework taken during the 
Senior year requires that the student spend 12 
months in training at a certified hospital to which 

he/she has gained admission. For most Eckerd 
students, this is Bayfront Medical Center. The 
student receives college credit for the laboratory 
courses taken in that clinical setting. The bacca- 
laureate is awarded on successful completion of 
this coursework with a major in interdisciplinary 

In addition, the student receives certification by 
the American Society of Clinical Pathologists 
(ASCP) after passing an official examination. 
Supervision of clinical coursework during the 
Senior year is carried out by a Program Director 
(an M.D. certified in clinical pathology by the 
American Board of Pathology) and an Educational 
Coordinator (a medical technologist certified by 
the Registry of Medical Technologists). 


Students may pursue a language major in French, 
German or Spanish, a major in Russian Studies, 
or a major in Modern Language. Coursework is 
also available in Italian and Japanese. 

Language majors must take at least eight courses 
beyond the elementary level. A language major 
is required to speak the language well enough to 
be rated at an Intermediate High level of profi- 
ciency as defined by the American Council of 
the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Because of 
the proficiency expectation, language majors are 
urged to spend no less than a term studying 
abroad, usually during the Junior year, unless 
prior equivalency is verified. The college main- 
tains a variety of programs to help meet this re- 
quirement. In addition, all majors in thi*^ field of 
study are expected to have tested knowledge in 
cultural, historical and literary understanding. 
The students must successfully pass either a com- 
prehensive examination or write a Senior thesis, 
the latter by invitation of the language faculty. 
Students are advised to take various other courses 
in accordance with their interests and career goals. 
Four courses beyond the third year level must 
pertain directly to the language, literature and 

Majors in modern languages often go on to ca- 
reers in education, government, journalism, busi- 
ness, or to graduate school. 



Minors are available in French, German, Span- 
ish or Russian Studies. A minor consists of five 
courses above the elementary level. 

Accelerated elementary language courses are num- 
bered 111 or 211 in the schedule of courses. 


FRC 101/2 Elementary French 1, 11 

Introduction to French for students with little 
or no training in the language. Three classes and 
two laboratory sessions per week. 

FRC 111 Accelerated Beginning French 

A review of elementary French for students with 
some background in the language. Oral compre- 
hension, writing, speaking, reading. 

FRC 201 Intermediate French I 

Developing oral and written control of French. 
Grammar, conversations and readings in French. 
Prerequisite: FRC 102 or three years of high 
school French. 

FRC 202C Intermediate French II 

Integrated approach to French language, culture 
and literature. Oral presentations, discussion of 
contemporary French issues, weekly written re- 
ports and compositions. Grammar review, aural 
comprehension exercises weekly. Prerequisite: 
FRC 201 or equivalent. 

FRC 21 IC Accelerated Intermediate 

Intensive oral and written work, readings on con- 
temporary French issues. Prerequisite: FRC 102, 
1 11 or the equivalent. 

FRC 302 Advanced Composition and 

A refinement of student mastery of structure and 
vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability to com- 
municate both orally and in writing. Laboratory 
work as needed. Prerequisite: FRC 202, 211 or 

FRC 3 03 A Introduction to Literary 

Sequel to FRC 302 for those students who wish 
to further refine and expand skills in reading, 
writing, and speaking French. Prerequisite: FRC 
302 or equivalent. 

FRC 401 French Literature in Formation 

From the emergence of the French language in 
the middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 
Classicism, exploring how a theme, topic or genre 
emerged as a powerful influence in France's later 
literary tradition. Prerequisite: FRC 302 and per- 
mission of instructor. 

FRC 402 Romanticism to Modernism 

Authors who formed attitudes about the right- 
ful place of "man" in the world, decried super- 
stition and violence, or undermined authority 
throughout the 18th century and beyond the 
Revolution into the 19th. Prerequisite: FRC 302 
or 303A and permission of instructor. 

FRC 403 Topics in Modern French 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad 
area each semester. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 
303A and permission of instructor. 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects of 
French literature, with unifying motifs. Prereq- 
uisite: FRC 302 or 303A and permission of in- 

FRC 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to French 
business. Basic workings of the French economy, 
and business terms. Prerequisite: two 300 level 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 
Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 1 7th century to modern 
works, to improve oral communication skills in 
French. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. Pre- 
requisite: two 400 level French courses. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 




GRC 101/2 Elementary German I, II 

Language through videos and supplemental read- 
ing. Method appropriate to need, patterning and 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
function in German-speaking country. Prerequi- 
site: GRC 102 or equivalent for 101. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German I, II 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural 
films. Introduction to German culture and na- 
tive language models. Class discussions in Ger- 
man. Prerequisites: GRC 102 for 201; 201 for 


GRC 250/1 (Directed Study) Grammar 
Review/Intermediate German I, II 

Programmed courses allow student with language 
aptitude to move at own pace. Grammar, speech, 
texts and tapes. 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German 
Literature and Life I, II 

Contemporary German literature and life. Read- 
ings chosen according to student ability and in- 
terest. Modern fiction and magazines. Prerequi- 
site: GRC 202 or equivalent. 

GRC/LIC 304 Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 
Hesse's novels in chronological order, tracing the 
development of the man and his writings from 
poetic realism to impressionism. Offered in Ger- 
man and in translation. Prerequisite: none in 
translation; advanced standing in German. 

GRC 311 Advanced German 
Composition and Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar. Topical discussions 
and written assignments in the language. 

GRC 331/332 Special Topics in German 

Projects based upon current needs and interests 
of students and offered at the discretion of the 
German faculty. 

GRC/LIC 351 Life and Works of Franz 
Kafka (Directed Study available) 

Major short stories, three novels, two volumes 
of diaries of Franz Kafka may be taken in either 
German or English. Prerequisite: none in English; 
advanced standing in German. 

GRC 401/2 The German Novel I, II 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Mann, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 German Drama I, II 

German drama from Goethe to the present. Par- 
ticular emphasis on drama of the 19th century 
and the present. 

GRC 410 German Senior Seminar 

For seniors and bilingual students, reading and 
discussion of selected topics. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German I, II 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, Ger- 
man poetry, the German novelle, history of the 
German language, independent readings. For 

Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 


ITC 101/102 Elementary Italian I, II 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening compre- 
hension, reading, writing and grammar. Prereq- 
uisite for 102 is 101 or permission of the instruc- 

ITC 201/202 Intermediate Italian I, II 

Prerequisite: ITC 102 or equivalent. 


J AC 101/102 Elementary Japanese I, II 

(Offered in the fall only) 

J AC 201/202 Intermediate Japanese I, II 

(Offered in the spring only) 

Dialogues in Japanese and English supplemented 
by grammar and usage drills. Practice in both 
speaking and reading. Second and third levels 
taught as directed studies. 



J AC 103 Japanese Reading and Writing 

The two syllabaries of the Japanese writing sys- 
tem, basic repertoire of about 200 kanji, sentence 
structures, vocabulary. Year long course designed 
to run concurrently with JAC 101 and 1 02, which 
are corequisite or prerequisite. Strongly recom- 
mended for students planning to study or work 
in Japan. 

Year Abroad in Japan 

See International Education. 


See after Spanish. 


See Russian Studies. 


SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish I, II 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for SPC 102 is 101 
or permission of instructor. 

SPC 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Continuation of SPC 101/2, with all work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 101/2 or the equiva- 
lent, or permission of instructor. 

SPC 202C Intermediate Spanish II 

Literature as a vehicle for cultural understand- 
ing, speaking, reading and writing Spanish. All 
work in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 201 or the 

SPC 301 A Introduction to Spanish 

Representative Spanish writers from all periods 
and genres of literature. Prerequisite: third-year 
proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 302A Survey of Spanish American 

Work of Spanish American authors with empha- 
sis on 19th and 20th centuries. Prerequisite: 
third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 306 Advanced Spanish Grammar 
and Conversation 

Intense practice in speaking through discussion 
and oral reporting focusing on contemporary is- 
sues. Expand and develop vocabulary. Prerequi- 
site: SPC 202 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 307 Advanced Spanish Grammar 
and Composition 

For students to develop and perfect writing skills, 
particularly those minoring or majoring in the 
language who also need to fulfill an extensive 
language requirement, such as international busi- 
ness or international studies. 

SPC 401 (Directed Study) The Modern 
Spanish Novel 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Generacion 
del '98 to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302 or 
permission of instructor. Does not fulfill the se- 
nior requirement. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite: 
SPC 302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modern Spanish Drama 

Works of best modern playwrights from 
Benavente to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302 
or permission of instructor. 

SPC 404 Spanish Golden Age Literature 

Reading and analyzing the most representative 
authors of the period, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SPC 302 or permission of instruc- 

SPC 405 Cervantes 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical 
analysis of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. Pre- 
requisite: SPC 302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change 
it. Dynamics of gender, class and education. In- 
troduction to feminist liteary criticism. Taught 
in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPC 301 or 302 or per- 
mission of instructor. 



SPC 408 New Spanish American 

Understanding the social message and aesthetic 
innovations such as "realismo magico" in works 
of prominent contemporary Spanish American 
writers such as Lloso, Marquez and Fuentes. All 
work in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 302 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

SPC 409 Spanish for Business 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural commu- 
nication between North America and Spanish- 
speaking world. Forms, styles, usages, procedures 
in commercial communication. Prerequisite: SPC 
302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 410 The Modern Spanish Novel 

Senior Seminar for Spanish majors. Reading and 
discussion of selected topics. 

Semester Abroad in Spain 
See International Education. 


A major in modern languages consists of a mini- 
mum of eight courses above the elementary level 
in a primary language, with a Senior thesis or 
comprehensive exam in that language, plus four 
courses in a secondary language above the el- 
ementary level, as determined by the individual 
disciplines. The overall comprehensive exam will 
include the secondary language. The examining 
committee will consist of professors of both lan- 
guages, and the proficiencies examined on the 
courses taken will be: understanding, speaking, 
reading and writing. It is strongly recommended 
that students include elective courses that are 
related to the languages pursued. A minimum of 
one month of residence abroad in the environ- 
ment of the primary foreign language is advised. 


The music major provides students with an un- 
derstanding of the Western art music tradition 
and the other music traditions which have shaped 
it through a series of combination theory/music 
history courses and complementary performance 
courses. Consistent with the expectations of 
graduate programs in music, students complet- 
ing a music major should be able to: 

— demonstrate listening, sight singing, keyboard 
and written theory skills at a high intermedi- 
ate level 

— analyze and discuss musical works from a theo- 
retical and historical perspective, both in oral 
presentations and in formal essays 

— apply a wide variety of music research materi- 
als to their own analytic and performance 

— demonstrate familiarity with the major genres, 
styles and composers associated with the mu- 
sic of the West, as well as familiarity with a 
number of music types outside the Western 
classical mainstream 

— perform on voice or an instrument at more 
than an intermediate level, both from a tech- 
nical and interpretive standpoint. 

The required introductory course, ideally com- 
pleted no later than the end of the Sophomore 
year, is Comprehensive Musicianship 1, a two- 
semester theory sequence: MUA 145 (Tonal 
Theory la) and MUA 146 (Tonal Theory lb). 
This course begins with a review of music rudi- 
ments, but students without previous formal 
music background are encouraged to take Music 
Fundamentals, MUA 101, before enrolling in 
MUA 145. Supplementary to their enrollment 
in academic music courses, students are expected 
to engage in private music study and participate 
in choir from the time they enter the program, 
preferably through credit enrollment in Choral 
Literature and Ensemble and in Applied Music. 
Advanced instrumentalists may petition to par- 
ticipate in an instrumental ensemble in place of 

The seven required advanced courses in the mu- 
sic major include five additional comprehensive 
musicianship courses covering music history and 
corresponding music theory from the medieval 
period through the modern era (MUA 242, 
MUA 341, MUA 342, MUA 443, MUA 444), 
plus two academic electives at the 200 level or 
higher, preferably including American Music and 
Valuers (MUA 326A) and World Music (MUA 
356C). In addition, students are expected to con- 
tinue their participation in Choral or Instrumen- 
tal Ensemble as well as their private applied mu- 
sic studies, preferable for credit. A comprehen- 
sive examination will be administered following 
a period of review in the Senior year to deter- 



mine competency in the academic and interpre- 
tive aspects of music. Advanced students may be 
invited to complete an academic or composition 
thesis in lieu of the comprehensive exam; highly 
skilled performers may be invited to present a 
Senior recital as part of the Music at Eckerd se- 

The minor in music consists of five courses as 
follows: the two semester sequence Comprehen- 
sive Musicianship I (MUA 145; Tonal Theory la 
and MUA 146: Tonal Theory lb); two additional 
comprehensive musicianship courses or one CM 
course and an academic elective at a 300 or 400 
level; plus one performance course. 

MUA 101 Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, ba- 
sic keyboard performance. Musical patterns com- 
mon in folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MUA 120A The Well-Tempered Listener 

Music listening skills, music history, period style, 
aesthetic issues related to concerts on the Music 
at Eckerd series. Attendance at the periodic Sun- 
day concerts required. 

MUA 145 Comprehensive Musicianship 
I-a : Tonal Theory I 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary tri- 
ads and inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight 
singing, keyboard harmony. Four semester hours 
of credit. 

MUA 146 Comprehensive Musicianship 
I-b: Tonal Theory II 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic se- 
quence, elementary modulation, continued part- 
writing and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 
Prerequisite: MUA 145 or equivalent. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music 

The best and most significant music of the West 
approached stylistically and historically, with spe- 
cial focus on Aaron Copland. Not intended for 
music majors. 

MUA 242 Comprehensive Musicianship 
11: Medieval and Renaissance Music 

History, theory, performance practices and cul- 
tural context of Western music from the start of 
the Christian era to 1600. Prerequisite: MUA 
145 or equivalent. 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and 

Study and performance of masterworks of cho- 
ral music. Concerts given both on and off cam- 
pus. Chamber chorus chosen from membership 
of the larger group. Two semesters required for 
one course credit. Admission by audition with 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Participation in small ensembles for strings, brass 
or woodwinds. Repertoire from Renaissance to 
present. Four hours per week for two semesters 
earns one course credit. Permission of instructor 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in per- 
formance, research, and areas of study not pro- 
vided for in regular semester courses, by permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MUA 3 26 A American Music and Values 

Impact of the American pioneer experience on 
folk, popular and art music. Slave songs to elec- 
tronic works. Freshmen discouraged from enroll- 

MUA 341 Comprehensive Musicianship 
III: the Baroque Period 

The literature and associated stylistic analysis of 
music from Monteverdi through Bach (c. 1600- 
1750). Prerequisite: MUA 145 or permission of 

MUA 342 Comprehensive Musicianship 
IV: Music of the Classic Period 

Development of 18th century classical style 
through the music of Haydn, Mozart and 
Beethoven. Prerequisite: MUA 145, or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

MUA 350 (Directed Study) 20th 
Century Music 

Important works by major composers of this cen- 
tury, listening to recordings of their works, along 
with the history of the period. Open to all stu- 
dents; ability to read standard musical scoring at 
minimal level helpful. 

MUA 356C World Music 

Music for ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the 
world. Aural and videotaped recordings from the 


Personnel and Global Human Resource Management 

field, primary and secondary source reading in 
culture and aesthetics, performance where pos- 
sible, discussion. Freshman discouraged from 

MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MUA 145, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the late 
19th century. Two one-hour labs in aural skills 
required each week. Permission of instructor re- 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced music students who wish to pur- 
sue work on specialized topics in depth, includ- 
ing composition. Permission of instructor re- 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, guitar, 
string, brass and woodwind instruments. One 
private lesson, one hour class meeting, and a 
minimum of six hours per week individual prac- 
tice required for two semesters, for one course 
credit. Permission of instructor required. Fee 

MUA 443 Comprehensive Musicianship 
V: The Romantic Period: the 19th 

A study of the music of the 19th century from 
late Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, 
Chopin and Wagner, among others. Prerequisite: 
MUA 145 or permission of instructor. 

MUA 444 Comprehensive Musicianship 
VI: Contemporary Period 

Beginning with Debussy, contemporary music 
through the various mainstream composers. Post 
World War II events, such as aleatoric, electronic 
and computerized composition are included. Pre- 
requisite: MUA 145 or permission of instructor. 

CRA 141A Introduction to the Arts 

CRA 226A Music and Architecture 

For descriptions see Aesthetic Perspective. 

KSA 201A Models, Myth and Music 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 


A personnel and global human resource man- 
agement concentration may be elected within the 
international business major. The PHRM con- 
centration teaches theory and practices of per- 
sonnel and human resources management in or- 
ganizations including job definition, staffing, 
training and development, compensation and 
benefits, labor relations, environmental analysis 
and human resource planning and controlling. 
The PHRM concentration also allows students 
to integrate their classroom learning with related 
ongoing business and industry research in coop- 
eration with the Eckerd College Human Resource 
Institute and the Comparative Cultures 

PHRM students are required to complete the fol- 
lowing courses: 


BEB 160M Statistical Methods 


ECB 281 S Principles of Microeconomics 
MNB 271 Principles of Accounting 
CSN 143M Introduction to Computer Science 
or MNB 210 Computer Applications 


IBC/ANC 260 Cultural Environment of 

International Business 
IBC/MNB 368 Managerial Enterprise 
IBC/MNB 369 Marketing 
IBC/MNB 376 Personnel Management 
IBC/MNB 396 Personnel Planning and 

Industry Research 1 
IBC/MNB 377 Introduction to Business 


Summer: PHRM work experience or internship 
is required. Credit may be awarded through an 
independent study if work experience is combined 
with approved academic work (such as a research 


IBC/MNB 496 Personnel Planning and 

Industry Research II 
IBC 498 Multicultural Corporate Strategy 



IBC 410 Senior Seminar: Ethical Issues in In- 
ternational Business 

All PHRM students must complete each required 
course with a grade of C or better. To progress 
in sequence, and to receive credit for core courses 
in which the student has received a grade of D 
or F, a petition must be submitted and approved 
by the PHRM coordinator. 

See International Business. 


Students majoring in philosophy develop with 
their Mentor a program of study including a mini- 
mum of eight courses, including one logic course 
and one ethics course; at least three courses from 
the History of Philosophy series (other philoso- 
phy courses with a significant historical compo- 
nent may be substituted upon approval of the 
philosophy faculty); Contemporary Philosophi- 
cal Methodology; and other upper level courses 
focused on the student's particular philosophi- 
cal interests. In addition, philosophy majors are 
expected to take complementary courses in other 
disciplines that provide background and breadth 
in their program of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working knowl- 
edge of the issues and methods covered in their 
required courses in logic, ethics and the history 
of philosophy sequence, in addition to those in 
their chosen upper-level area of focus. This com- 
petence and the ability to communicate it in 
speaking and writing is demonstrated by satis- 
factory completion of the courses in the philoso- 
phy major and of a Senior thesis or comprehen- 
sive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philoso- 
phy courses, to be approved by the philosophy 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 
(Directed Study available) 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, 
and major philosophical issues of value and mean- 
ing. Study works of several great philosophers to 
help students develop their own views. 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of lan- 
guage and thought. Helps develop critical, ana- 
lytical reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 220 Existentialism 

A provocatively modern approach to many of the 
issues of the philosophical tradition; the existen- 
tial foundations of art, religion, science and tech- 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of re- 
ligious knowledge, faith and reason in the past 
and future. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right 
and wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical 
theories and their application to issues such as 
abortion, civil rights, war and peace censorship, 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For description see Management. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship 
to the natural environment, and how these con- 
siderations affect our moral obligations to other 
people, as well as future generations. 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 

Viewing films, discussing them, and reading 
philosophical essays about film, art, believing, 
and the difficulties of living well. How themes 
from some major contemporary films reflect 
persisting philosophical themes. 

PLL 263A Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughtful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Western Heritage or permission of 



PLL 311 Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with 
focus on different philosophers. 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philoso- 
phy from the colonial period to the 20th cen- 
tury. Prerequisite: some background in the hu- 
manities or permission of instructor. 

PLL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek 
and Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C.-A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered alternate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 
rise of modern Europe, including developments 
in Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philoso- 
phy. Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, 
mysticism and rationalism, Platonism and 
Aristotelianism. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 323 History of Philosophy: ITth- 
18th Century 

Descartes through Kant as response to the Sci- 
entific Revolution. Comparison of rationalism 
and empiricism. 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social 
and scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C.-A.D. 1700. Ma- 
jor discoveries and scientists, different approaches 
to science, the interrelationship between science 
and society. 

PLL 331/332 Special Topics in 

Philosophical study of one or more aspects of 
culture, such as sport, gender, unorthodox sci- 
ence, sexuality, mass communication, artificial 
intelligence, literature and technology. May be 
taken more than once for credit with different 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

Development of philosophical analysis and exis- 
tentialism as the two main philosophical move- 
ments of the 20th century. Freshmen require 
permission of instructor. 

PLL 344 Varieties of Marxism 

Selections from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, 
Stalin; Chinese, Latin American and European 
interpretations of Marx. Some background in 
philosophy, economics or political theory re- 
quired. Freshmen require permission of instruc- 

PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential 
tool. Derivability, completeness, analyticity, 
categoricity and consistency. Prerequisite: PLL 
102M or permission of instructor. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

PLL 348 Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and 
the relation of God and world, based on read- 
ings from early Greek philosophy to the present. 
Prerequisite: some background in philosophy or 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explana- 
tion between formal logical analysis and the in- 
formal, heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and 
theories. Examples from the history of science. 
Offered alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary schools of thought in moral 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology, litera- 
ture or related disciplines. 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political 

Major contemporary schools of thought in po- 
litical philosophy. Prerequisite: some background 
in philosophy, political science, history, econom- 
ics, American studies or literature. 


PLL 363 Philosophy of Economics 

Comparison of two competing schools of thought 
in contemporary political economy that have de- 
veloped from classical statements of their posi- 
tions in the works of Adam Smith and Karl Marx, 
and their implications for human welfare. Pre- 
requisite: a course in philosophy, economics, po- 
litical science, or history. 

PLL 365 Philosophy of History 

Consideration of the meaning of history and such 
questions as: is history leading anywhere? Does 
it result in anything genuinely new, or is it an 
"eternal recurrence of the same"? Prerequisite: 
some background in the humanities. 

PLL 366 Philosophy of Political 

Human needs and social justice, barriers to the 
realization of human dignity and rights, relative 
justifiability of alternate methods of social change, 
case studies in social change. Seminar emphasiz- 
ing extensive student responsibility. Field expe- 
rience component. 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 

Intensive investigation of philosophical method- 
ologies, designed to help students practice phi- 
losophy in an original manner. Emphasis on in- 
dependent study. Prerequisite: one or more up- 
per-level philosophy courses or permission of in- 
structor. May be taken more than once for credit 
in order to study different methodologies. 

KSL 201S The Ancient Tradition I: 
Homer to Plato 

KSL 202S The Ancient Tradition IT: 
Empires and Ethics 

For description see Social Relations Perspec- 
tive Courses. 

KSL 205E Plato and Aristotle's Science 
For descriptions see Environmental Perspective 

LTL 301 A A Nation of Poets and 

Thinkers: Art and Philosophy in Modern 

German Culture 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 


LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 


LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 

Human Values 

For description see Environmental Perspective 



A major in philosophy/religion includes eleven 
courses, five in philosophy, five in religious stud- 
ies, and Philosophy of Religion. The program 
ordinarily culminates in a Senior thesis. Required 
courses in philosophy are: two from PLL 101, 
102M, 241 S; two from PLL 321, 322, 323, 324; 
one other upper-level course. Required courses 
in religious studies are: REL 201 S; one from REL 
203C, 204C; and three other upper-level courses. 
Additional upper-level courses in each discipline 
are recommended, and any change in these re- 
quirements must have the approval of faculty of 
both disciplines. 


Physical Education 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Investigating physical education as a career. Mini- 
mum 20 hours in local schools in pre-internship 
program. Personal interview required. Open to 
upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and Skills 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through 
at least one skill. Vigorous exercise program for 
the entire year. Medical clearance required. Open 
to upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, 
the role of sports, developing a philosophy of 
coaching. Sports programs from youth leagues 
to collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, training, 
sports psychology. 

The following does not carry course credit: 

Lifeguard Training 

Use of rescue equipment, spinal injury manage- 
ment techniques, basic pool maintenance. Pre- 
requisite: First Aid and CPR, ability to swim 500 
yards using crawl, breaststroke, elementary back- 
stroke, etc. Must be minimum of 15 years of age. 

tum Physics II, Differential Equations, and Lin- 
ear Algebra, along with Senior Thesis, and 
Chemistry. The Physics/Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior 
years. Students may arrange independent or di- 
rected study courses in advanced subjects to suit 
their needs. 

An example of a program of courses which would 
lead to a major in physics: 


Calculus I and II 
Physics 1 and 11 


Calculus 111 
Physics III 

Differential Equations 


Classical Mechanics 
Chemistry I and 11 


Quantum Physics I and 11 

In addition, physics majors are required to en- 
roll in the Physics/Mathematics Seminar during 
their Junior and Senior years. 


Students who major in physics develop compe- 
tency in using scientific methodology: in creat- 
ing mathematical models of real-world systems, 
manipulating these models to obtain predictions 
of the system's behavior, and testing the model's 
predictions against the observed real-world be- 
havior. Mechanical, electromagnetic, thermody- 
namic, and atomic/molecular systems are among 
those with which students become familiar in 
the building and testing of theoretical models. 
Problem-solving and quantitative reasoning are 
among the skills which are developed. 

For the B.A. degree, students majoring in phys- 
ics normally take the following courses: Funda- 
mental Physics I, II, III, Electronics, Classical 
Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, Quantum 
Physics I, Calculus I, II, III. For the B.S. degree, 
additional courses normally included are Quan- 

PHN 209E Our Environment: 
The Universe 

Physical principles and applications which help 
students appreciate the interactions of humans 
with the environment and universe. Theories of 
the origin and evolution of environment and 
glimpses of the future. 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Three course sequence. Fundamental Physics I, 
II, III, presents a contemporary view of concepts 
in elementary form. Prerequisite: MAN 131 M. 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Second of elementary physics sequence. Prereq- 
uisite: PHN 241 and MAN 131M. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Continuation of elementary physics sequence. 
Prerequisite: 242 or permission of instructor. 


PHN 244E Energy and Environment 

Options available to societies in producing en- 
ergy, the consequences of each choice, and the 
different sets of values implicit in the choices. 

PHN/MAN 251 Mathematical Methods 
for Physics 

For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, 
light and geometric optics, superposition and 
polarization of waves, interference and diffrac- 
tion of waves, coherence theory, holography and 
lasers. Prerequisites: MAN 132 and PHN 242. 

PHN 321 Solid Earth Geophysics 

Theory and methods of physics applied to the 
earth. Gravity, magnetic, electrical, seismic, and 
heat flow techniques as they pertain to the earth. 
Prerequisite: PHN 241, 242, MAN 131, 132, or 
consent of instructor. MAN 233 recommended. 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 
or permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electricity and Magnetism 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PHN 
242 and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis tech- 
niques. Develop laboratory abilities utilized in 
physics. Two lab sessions a week. Prerequisite: 
PHN 241 and 242. 

NAN 410 Mathematics/Physics Senior 

For description see NAN 438 below. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematics/Physics 
Seminar (2 Year Sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics and mathematics. For description see 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modern quantum theory and relativity. Compari- 
son of classical and quantum results. Prerequi- 
site: PHN 243 and permission of instructor. 


PHN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application 
to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced 
with emphasis on low-energy scattering. Prereq- 
uisite: PHN 433 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics nor- 
mally are invited to engage in active research and 
to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehen- 
sive exam. 

NAN 204 Electronics 

Electronic circuit theory utilizing modern elec- 
tronic techniques and instrumentation. 

NAN 205 Descriptive Astronomy 

Origin and evolution of the solar system, and 
our relationship to the universe. Telescopic ob- 
servation sessions of moon, planets and stars. 


NAN 150 (Directed Study) The 

A non-mathematical study of creation and evolu- 
tion, starting with the Big Bang theory and con- 
centrating on the physical universe. 

NAN 151 (Directed Study) The World of 

The creation of life, the evolutionary history of 
the biosphere, and the study of life in communi- 
ties provide an overview of life on earth, past 
and present. 

NAN 251 (Directed Study) The Futures 
of Humanity: Worlds of Science Fiction 

Student will gain an awareness of the many pos- 
sible futures which can grow from the potenti- 
alities already present, through a study of sci- 
ence fiction. 


Political Science 


Students choosing to major in political science 
gain fundamental understanding of American 
government, how our govemmental system com- 
pares with other major political systems, and how 
the U.S. interrelates with the rest of the world. 
Majors gain competence in political analysis and 
research skills as well as an understanding of po- 
litical power, government institutions, and inter- 
national affairs. 

Students majoring in political science affiliate 
with either the Letters or Behavioral Science 
Collegium, depending on their individual career 
or research plans. Both require the completion 
of Introduction to American National Govern- 
ment and Politics, and either Introduction to 
Comparative Government or Introduction to 
International Relations. Beyond the two intro- 
ductory courses, all students must complete six 
additional non-introductory political science 
courses including at least one from each member 
of the political science faculty. All political sci- 
ence majors must also complete Statistical Meth- 
ods and the political science Senior Seminar. The 
typical course sequence for political science ma- 
jors includes the completion of two introductory 
courses in their first year, followed by an indi- 
vidually tailored set of upper-division courses. 
Majors ordinarily concentrate their upper-division 
coursework in either international affairs or 
American politics. 

Students with specific career or research inter- 
ests not adequately covered by the discipline may 
substitute one course from another discipline for 
one upper-level political science course with prior 
approval of the political science faculty. Students 
are encouraged to use one winter term to explore 
their career or research interests through an ap- 
propriate internship. With the approval of the 
political science faculty, one winter term intern- 
ship may fulfill a political science major require- 
ment. One winter term project may also be ac- 
cepted toward degree requirements in political 

Students may also earn a minor in political sci- 
ence with successful completion of POL 1 02S, 
either POB 103C or POB 104C, and any four 
additional non-introductory courses spread across 
the political science faculty. 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and func- 
tions, Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureau- 
cracy, and several major areas of policy making 
conducted by the national government. 

POB 103C Introduction to International 

National and international political relationships, 
origins of war, the international system, rich and 
poor nations and the politics of hunger, and al- 
ternate concepts to the present system. 

POB 104c Introduction to Comparative 

Issues and analysis of the internal dynamics of 
modem states through examination of Britain, 
France, Germany, Russia and the Third World, 
laying the foundation for further study in com- 
parative politics and/or international relations. 

POL 202 Public Policy-Making in 

Introduction to the general policy-making pro- 
cess. Formulation of new policies and programs, 
implementation, evaluation of federal programs. 
Policy areas such as unemployment and environ- 

POB 21 IC Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and 
changes in U.S. policy toward Latin America 
from Monroe Doctrine to present in Central 
America, from a range of ideological and schol- 
arly perspectives. Prerequisite: one introductory 
level political science course or Latin American 
Area Studies recommended, or permission of 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, stra- 
tegic) faced by policy makers and citizens alike. 
Policies and alternatives that the U.S. faces to- 
day. Prerequisite: one introductory level politi- 
cal science course recommended. 


Political Science 

FOB 221 Politics of Revolution and 

Causes and nature of political violence and revo- 
lution as related to human behavior theory. Theo- 
ries on causes of revolution, concepts of libera- 
tion, consequences and responsibilities of inter- 
state relations during times of crisis. Recom- 
mended: POL 102S and either POB 103C or 

POB 222 Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in poli- 
tics. Comparative political ideologies such as Fas- 
cism, Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Commu- 
nism, Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, do- 
mestic and international forms of terrorism. 

POB 23 IC Politics: East Asian Nations 

Political cultures and governments of Japan, 
China (both Peoples Republic and Taiwan), and 
Korea (both north and south). Recommended: 
one introductory political science course. 

POL 301 The Constitution and 
Government Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive 
and legislative branches of national government, 
analysis of major constitutional issues, of feder- 
alism and powers of the states, Supreme Court 
decisions. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. 

POL 302 The Constitution and 
Individual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the government (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
POL 301 is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

POL 303 The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Wash- 
ington to the present. One lower-division politi- 
cal science course recommended. 

POL 304 U.S. Congress 
The U.S. legislative process with major atten- 
tion to the Senate and House of Representatives. 
Roles of lawmakers, legislative behavior, and rep- 
resentative government in theory and fact. One 
lower-division political science course recom- 

POL 305 Political Parties and Interest 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and ac- 
tivities competing for party functions. One lower- 
division political science course recommended. 

POB 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20th 
century, comparison of political systems and 
people, and future prospects. Prerequisite: POL 
102S and POB 103C or 104C or permission of 

POB 312 Politics of Underdevelopment 

An introduction to the politics of underdevelop- 
ment in Asia, Africa and Latin America, focus- 
ing on the causes and consequences of poverty. 

POB 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contem- 
porary international system. United Nations, 
European Community, other regional organiza- 
tions and integration schemes, and international 
regimes. Prerequisite: POB 103C and one other 
political science course, or permission of instruc- 

POB 315 International Relations: 
Theories of War and Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sover- 
eign states in the contemporary world. Origins 
of war and cold war. Modern characteristics of 
international politics. Prerequisites: POL 102S 
and POB 103C or POB 104C, or permission of 

POB 32 IC Comparative European 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, 
major institutions of government, as well as cul- 
ture, history and contemporary political prob- 
lems. POB 104C recommended or instructor's 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century authori- 
tarian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, 
military governments, one-party Communist 
states and personalist dictatorships. A previous 
political science course is recommended. 



POB 323 Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theo- 
retical requisites of a democratic system, practi- 
cal political economic implications, examined as 
citizens of both the U.S. and the world. Prereq- 
uisites: POL 102S and one other political science 

POB 324 East European Politics 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of politi- 
cal systems: U.S.S.R., People's Republic of China, 
Afro-Marxists regimes, non-ruling communist 
parties of Western Europe. Highly recommended 
that students have had either POB 103S, 104C, 

POB 325 Environmental Politics and 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to envi- 
ronmental issues, the complexity of environmen- 
tal problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies 
and political science. 

POB 333 Government and Politics of 

Historical, theoretical and comparative aspects 
of the political institutions, dynamics and cul- 
ture of Japan. Prerequisite: one lower division po- 
litical science course. 

POL 350 (Directed Study) Florida 

State and local government in U.S., overview of 
Southern politics, problems and issues of Florida: 
rapid growth, race relations, environment, voter 
dealignment, party realignment, elections, re- 
gional issues and solidarity. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. His- 
tory of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia and 
impact of the Vietnam experience on U.S. policy 
making in the 1980's. Causes of war, interna- 
tional mechanisms for conflict resolution, com- 
parative development strategies and Third World 
political systems. 

POB 421 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relation- 
ship among law, society and public policy in Eu- 
ropean, socialist and non-Western systems. The 
inner workings, view of justice, and social/cul- 

tural development of other civil societies. Pre- 
requisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

POL 450 (Directed Study) The Supreme 
Court in American Politics 

Internal operations of the U.S. Supreme Court, 
judicial decision-making and behavior, jurisdic- 
tion, structure of court system. Supreme Court's 
role in adjudication of civil rights and liberties. 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to 

Contemporary British Politics 

For description see International Education, 


KSB 20 IS Power, Authority and Virtue 
For description see Social Relations Perspec- 
tive Courses. 


Students majoring in psychology have the option 
of completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications of the many sub-fields within the sci- 
ence and profession of contemporary psychology. 
Working closely with their Mentors, students 
build on this foundation by developing an indi- 
vidualized area of courses in a particular specialty 
which will augment their liberal arts psychology 
background. These students acquire the ability 

— critique new research findings in psychology. 

— present research findings and theoretical sys- 
tems in oral and written formats. 

— apply theory to real-world problems. 

— evaluate contemporary controversies in the 
field of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set 
of experiences in which they acquire the follow- 
ing specific research skills: 

— critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

— designing and conducting original research 

— using SPSSx to analyze research data. 



— using microcomputer-based graphics packages 
to prepare professional quality figures and 

— preparing publication quality research reports 
in APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B. A. degree complete 
the following: 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learn- 
ing and Cognition, Psychology of Childhood 
and Adolescence, Experimental Psychology, 
Personality Theory and Research, 
Biopsychology, Abnormal Psychology, Intro- 
duction to Clinical and Counseling Psychol- 
ogy, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete 
all of the B.A. courses (except Introduction to 
Clinical and Counseling Psychology) plus the fol- 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and Mea- 
surements, and either Advanced Personality 
Research or Advanced Social Research. 

Psychology majors also take Statistical Methods 
(required of all students majoring in the Behav- 
ioral Science Collegium) and the Senior Semi- 

The required courses are arranged in a hierarchi- 
cal and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 
during the undergraduate years. This sequence 
is listed on a checklist which the student will use 
with the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. 
While providing a basic structure to the degree 
planning, the sequence includes adequate flex- 
ibility for students wishing to participate in the 
International Education program and those who 
also pursue a second major. 

A minor in psychology must include Experimen- 
tal Psychology, Psychology of Childhood and 
Adolescence, Human Learning and Cognition, 
Abnormal Psychology, and either Personality 
Theory and Research or Social Psychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must 
be passed with a grade of C or better. 

PSB 1018 Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical meth- 
ods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, learning, 
memory, cognition, motivation, human develop- 
ment, personality, abnormal behavior, social pro- 
cesses, values issues in research and intervention 
in human lives. 

PSB 201 Experimental Psychology 

Research methodology, experiments, analysis of 
data. Observational techniques, correlational and 
laboratory methods. Prerequisites: PSB lOlS and 
BEB 160M. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, cog- 
nitive/intellectual, social/emotional development 
from conception to the end of adolescence. Pre- 
requisite: PSB lOlS. 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intellectual 
and social changes beyond adolescence. Prereq- 
uisite: PSB lOlS. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Principles of human learning, thinking, creativ- 
ity, formal reasoning, information processing, 
problem solving and memory. Prerequisites: PSB 

PSB 206 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 

Overview of the helping professions, personal- 
ity theory, human development, processes of 
counseling/therapy, research, self-awareness and 
assessment. Prerequisite: PSB lOlSorHDAlOl, 
or permission of instructor. 

PSB 221 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the B.S. degree 
in psychology. Acquire skills in designing, execut- 
ing, analyzing and reporting correlational and 
experimental research. Prerequisite: PSB 201 and 
BEB 160M. 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environ- 
ment, group influence, past and present concepts 
and research. Experimental approach to under- 
standing social forces which affect individuals. 
Prerequisites: PSB lOlS and BEB 160M. 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the 
study of classical and contemporary approaches 
to personality. Prerequisites: PSB 201. 


Religious Studies 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and 

Reliability, validity, psychological and measure- 
ment assumptions underlying interviews, self-re- 
port inventories, aptitude tests; major instru- 
ments and their uses; ethical issues in testing. 
Prerequisite: PSB 221 (or may be taken concur- 

PSB 308 Abnormal Psychology 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged by 
society to be abnormal, deviant or unacceptable, 
using such models for understanding as the psy- 
choanalytic, medical, behavioristic and human- 
istic-existential. Prerequisites: PSB lOlS, or per- 
mission of instructor. 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

The application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding such phenomena as 
consciousness, instinct, motivation, learning, 
thought, language, memory, emotion. Appropri- 
ate for Juniors and Seniors with backgrounds in 
psychology or natural sciences. Prerequisite: PSB 

PSB 322 Advanced Social Research 
For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research with an emphasis on tech- 
niques (archival research, survey methodology) 
not stressed in the experimental psychology se- 
quence. Prerequisites: PSB 221 and 302. 

PSB 326 Advanced Personality Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research, stressing content and meth- 
odology. Fine points of cutting edge investiga- 
tions of personality issues. Prerequisite: PSB 221 
and 306. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 
For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in Psychology 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB lOlS, BEB 160M, PSB 201 
and permission of instructor. 

PSB 410'a History and Systems 
Senior Seminar for B.S. psychology majors. A 
synthetic overview of the history and major theo- 
retical systems of modern psychology. Prerequi- 
sites: Senior standing and major preparation in 

PSB 410-b Senior Seminar in Psychology 

Senior Seminar for B.A. psychology majors. Ethi- 
cal issues, bio-social-psychological problems, ana- 
lyzing, researching, solving. Prerequisite: Senior 
standing and major preparation in psychology. 

PSB 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an inde- 
pendent study project with one of the faculty. 
Directed research leading to a Senior thesis is 
available by invitation of the faculty only. 


See Philosophy/Religion. 


Majors in religious studies should have developed 
the following competencies by the time they 

— familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

— knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows 
the student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate judg- 
ments based on critical study. 

— capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

— ability to relate the beliefs and values of reli- 
gious traditions to specific issues arising out 
of contemporary society. 

— evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort 
to synthesize new information and insight into 
a personally meaningful world view. 

Students majoring in religious studies must take 
the basic course. Introduction to Religious Stud- 
ies, and at least two courses from each of the 
following areas: Biblical studies (including REL 
105, REL 203C or 204C) historical and theo- 
logical studies (including REL 241), non- West- 
ern religions (including REC 240C) and two ad- 
ditional religious studies courses of the student's 
choice. At least four of the courses beyond the 
introductory course must be 300 level or above. 
Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

Religious Studies 

In addition to the successful completion of 
courses just described, students will normally be 
expected to fulfill a senior portfolio assignment. 
Each student will keep a portfolio of papers writ- 
ten for courses in the major. The portfolio should 
include two papers in each of the three main 
fields: Biblical studies; historical and theological 
studies; and non- Western religions. Papers should 
be corrected and improved if necessary and sub- 
mitted without marginal comments. One field 
should be chosen by the student as the primary 
focus of study. A paper in this chosen area should 
be specially written for oral presentation to the 
religious studies faculty and interested students. 
Alternatively, one of the six papers can be up- 
graded for this purpose. A comprehensive grade, 
covering portfolio, presentation, and oral re- 
sponse, is assigned at the conclusion of an inter- 
view in which the three faculty members have a 
chance to question the student regarding the 
portfolio and presentation. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take REL 201 S plus four courses in the 
discipline, subject to the approval of the disci- 
pline faculty. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the supervision of a three-member inter- 
disciplinary faculty committee, requires the 
completion of at least nine courses, including two 
in Biblical studies (one of which should be REL 
105, REL 203C, or REL 204C) and two in theo- 
logical and historical studies (including REL 241). 
The remaining five courses are selected from the 
area of psychology and counseling studies. This 
concentration should appeal especially to students 
contemplating professional careers with church 
and synagogue, and to students who wish to work 
as lay people in religious institutions. 

REL 101/102 New Testament Greek 

Vocabulary and syntax of Koine Greek, to a level 
of proficiency adequate for beginning study of 
the New Testament. 

REL 103E Cosmos and Creation 

Introduction to the critical analysis of a particu- 
lar section of the Bible: the Pentateuch, 
Deuteronomic History, the Prophets, Psalms, 
Wisdom Literature, Gospels, Pauline Letters, and 
the various perspectives the text brings to bear 
on question of cosmogony, the character of hu- 

man interaction with the environment, the mean- 
ing of "nature," the positive or negative evalua- 
tion of inanimate matters, and other such issues. 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 
Studies (Directed Study available) 
Religious experience and ideas as they are ex- 
pressed in such cultural forms as community, 
ritual, myth, doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; 
synthesizing personal religious ideas and values. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 

The culture of ancient Israel, precursor to mod- 
ern Judaism, through a survey of Hebrew litera- 
ture of the Old Testament period. 

REL 204C New Testament Christianity 

An introduction to the world of early Christian- 
ity, with its Hebraic Greco-Roman background, 
through a survey of Christian literature of the 
first two centuries C.E. 

REL 205 Varieties of Biblical 

Theory and history of biblical interpretation. 
Explore and evaluate various approaches, includ- 
ing feminist, materialistic, psychoanalytic, liter- 
ary-critical, theological interpretations. 

REL 21 OS Introduction to Christian 


(Directed Study available) 

Some major figures in the history of Christian 
ethics, with most emphasis on contemporary 
approaches. Introduction to some of the most 
important issues and methods. 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 
(Directed Study available) 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Judaism 
and Christianity in American life. The unique- 
ness of the American religious experience and 
its impact on American institutional patterns. 

REL 240C Non-Western Religions 

The founders of non- Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence 
of their teachings as coherent systems, with com- 
parisons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

REL 241 History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Chris- 
tian Church through the past nineteen centuries. 
The great theological debates, significant issues, 
and formative thinkers. 


Religious Studies 

REL 244C Western Religions 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Chris- 
tianity, Islam. Historical development, literature 
and contributions to the West. The Bible and 

REL 280 Christianity and Contemporary 

How the Christian faith and culture can and 
should relate to each other. Christian faith and 
politics, economics, science and technology, the 
arts, literature and philosophy. 

REL 305 Biblical Exegesis 
Close reading of particular section of the Bible, 
its socio-historical background, literary, theologi- 
cal, philological, grammatical and rhetorical char- 
acteristics. Prerequisite: REL 203C or 204C or 
consent of instructor. 

REL 320 The Buddhist Tradition 
Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and prac- 
tices as they spread from India to South and East 
Asia, contrasting Western religious views with 
those of another world religion. 

REL 32 IC Confucian and Taoist 

Early Chinese views of the world through litera- 
ture and archaeological remains. Recommended 
as follow-up to East Asian Area Studies for those 
interested in more detailed study. 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 
The growth of Latin American, black, feminist, 
and European political liberation theologies from 
earlier forms of theology, their development and 
contribution to the wider theology, and responses 
to them. 

REL 330 Human Nature and Destiny: A 
Theological Inquiry 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposiveness of human life, relation- 
ship between humans and nature. 

RELA-IL 342A The Art of Biblical 

The poetry, prophecy, law, drama, short story, 
proverbs, parables and epistles in one of the 
world's greatest collections of religious literature. 

REL 361 Contemporary Christian 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers 
of the 20th century including Barth, Bultmann, 
Tillich, Niebuhr, Buber, Kung and Moltmann. 

REL 380 God and Self -Understanding 
The problem of knowing and talking about God, 
the effect of the idea of God on understanding 
ourselves, and the development and significance 
of the Christine doctrine of the Trinity, histori- 
cally and today. 

REL 381 Environmental Theology 
The major dimensions of the current ecological 
crisis and its roots in Western tradition, how 
Judaeo-Christian thought has traditionally re- 
garded nature and its relationship to God and 
humans, and implications for action. 

REL 401 Internship in Religious 

Supervised, field-based experience in church 
work, with a minimum of 150 hours on-site ex- 
perience. Permission of instructor required. 

REL 440 Biblical Theology 

The central ideas and themes of the Old and 
New Testaments as a means of moving inside 
Jewish and Christian theological traditions. Pre- 
requisite: one college-level course in Bible. 

REL 44 1 New Testament Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 

Research seminar on ethical/theological prin- 
ciples in the New Testament on such issues as 
sexuality, race, war, peace, revolution, nonvio- 
lence, poverty, environment, social justice, church 
and state. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior stand- 

REL 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of imagi- 
nation in religion and in all of life, their implica- 
tions for religion, faith and the role of intellec- 
tual reflection in religion. Focus on Christian- 
ity, but principles have broader implications. Pre- 
requisite: consent of instructor. 

KSL 203 A Search for Transcendent 

KSL 206A Truth and Narrative 

For descriptions see Aesthetic Perspective 



Russian Studies 


CRA 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers at Eck- 
erd College, beginning in autumn term. Com- 
munication, paraprofessional counseling, crisis 
intervention, conflict resolution, leadership train- 



The following courses are available at the Uni- 
versity of South Florida: 

General Military Course (GMC) 
Freshmen and Sophomores 

AFR 1101 - One (1) semester hour of credit 
AFR 1120 - One (1) semester hour of credit 
AFR 2130 - One (1) semester hour of credit 
AFR 2140 - One (1) semester hour of credit 
Total GMC - Four (4) semester hours of credit 

Professional Officer Course (POC) 
Juniors and Seniors 

AFR 3220 - Three (3) semester hours of credit 
AFR 3231 - Three (3) semester hours of credit 
AFR 4201 - Three (3) semester hours of credit 
AFR 421 1 - Three (3) semester hours of credit 
Total POC - Twelve (1 2) semester hours of credit 

Eckerd College will award elective credit of at least 
four (4) semester hours for successful completion 
of the GMC, and at least twelve (12) semester 
hours for successful completion of the POC. 


The following courses are available at the Uni- 
versity of South Florida: 

MLR 301 Small Unit Operations (3 credit 

MLR 302 Leadership Fundamentals: Tactics 
and Camp Preparation (3 credit 

MLR 401 Seminar in Military Leadership and 
Management (3 credit hours) 

MLR 402 Army As a Profession (2 credit 

Eckerd College will award credit for the above 


The major in Russian studies integrates the study 
of the Russian language with Russian history, 
literature and contemporary Russian reality. Stu- 
dents who complete the Russian studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of the Russian language including 
an understanding of its grammatical structure 
and the acquisition of basic vocabulary. 

— understanding of Russian history from its 
roots in Kievan Russia to the dramatic events 
of the 1990's. 

— knowledge of Russian writers and the great 
works of Russian literature of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. 

— understanding of contemporary Russian and 
former Soviet political and social structures, 
cultural patterns, and relationships with the 
outside world as they relate to the present, and 
the probable future path of Russian develop- 

Students must complete at least two years of col- 
lege level Russian, and finish five courses deal- 
ing specifically with Russia: two in Russian his- 
tory, two in Russian literature, and one in Rus- 
sian Area Studies. Each student must also choose 
a field of specialization within Russian studies 
(usually language, literature, history, political 
science or international business) consisting of 
at least four courses in addition to those listed 
above. When appropriate, these courses may be 
independent or directed studies, and/or thesis 
preparation. All students have an oral examina- 
tion covering their entire program, in addition 
to the comprehensive exam in the field of spe- 
cialization or a thesis. 

Students interested in the major should begin 
immediately with the study of the Russian lan- 
guage at the appropriate level. The entry level 
course to the major is Russian Area Studies or 
Cultural History of Russia. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any four 
courses in Russian studies. 

RUG 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, read- 
ing and writing grammatical and conversational 
patterns of modern Russian. 


Sea S emester 

RUC 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Review and completion of basic Russian gram- 
mar, and continued work on conversational skills. 
Prerequisite: RUC 101/2 or its equivalent. 

RUC/LlC 232 Russian Classics in 

Representative works of 19th century Russian 
writers such as Pushkin, Lermontov, Turgenev, 
Tolstoy, and Dostoevsky. Offered alternate years. 

RUC/LIC 234 20th Century Russian 

Literary and political factors in the development 
of Russian literature since the Russian Revolu- 
tion of 1917. 

RUC 283C Russian Area Studies 

A study of the Russians as people with special 
attention to socialization processes and daily life 
in Russian society. Other topics include the eth- 
nic diversity in the former Soviet Union, the 
impact of the Bolshevik Revolution on Russian 
society, and the role of Russia in the world to- 

The following two courses are taught in Rus' 

RUC 301 Introduction to Russian 
Literature and Culture 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to the present. 
Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Russian Society 

Family, education, youth organizations, economic 
pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, etc. Pre- 
requisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 

For further courses see History, Philosophy, 
Political Science and Cross-Cultural 


An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Educa- 
tion Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, Mas- 
sachusetts, receiving instruction in oceanography, 
nautical science and maritime studies. They then 
go to sea for the second half of the semester (the 
six-week sea component) for a practical labora- 
tory experience. The program may be begun at 
several times during the academic year. Eckerd 
College tuition and scholarship aid often can be 
applied toward the cost of Sea Semester and ad- 
ditional aid may be available from S.E.A. For 
more information, contact the Office of Interna- 
tional Education and Off Campus Programs or 
Prof. John Ferguson. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed be- 
low. Students from any major may apply and this 
satisfies the Environmental Perspective require- 
ment. A shorter summer program is available for 
three course block credit. 

SMN 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a col- 
lege laboratory course in a physical or biological 
science or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, litera- 
ture and art of our maritime heritage, and the 
political and economic problems of contempo- 
rary maritime affairs. 

SMN 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of 

SMN 304 Practical Oceanography I 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. 

SMN 306 Practical Oceanography II 


Sea component. Individually designed research 

project; operation of the vessel. 


Senior Seminars 


Capstone Senior seminars are offered within the 
collegium or discipline of the student's major, 
focusing on the search for solutions to impor- 
tant issues that students are likely to confront 
during their lifetimes. These seminars, required 
for Seniors, at the discretion of the disipline, may 
be considered as part of the student's major. 


ECB 410 The History of Economic 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 
For description see Management. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 410-a History and Systems 
For B.S. psychology majors. 

PSB 410-b Senior Seminar in Psychology 
For B.A. psychology majors. 

For description see Psychology. 

SLB 410 History of Social Thought 
For description see Sociology. 


ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

For description see Anthropology. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French 


For description see Modern Languages, French. 

GRC 410 German Senior Seminar 
For description see Modern Languages, Ger- 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International 

For description see International Business. 

SPC 410 Spanish American Novel 

For description see Modern Languages, Span- 



LTL 410 Letters Senior Seminar 

Examination from an interdisciplinary point of 
view of the intellectual, political, cultural and 
social changes in this century, and of the attempts 
to formulate new paradigms of knowledge. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

For description see Women's and Gender Stud- 


ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

For description see Art. 

CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

Transition of Seniors to world beyond gradua- 
tion. Job searching, professions in the arts, cri- 
tiques of current movies, productions, etc. Dis- 
cussions with practicing artists. 

HDA 410 Human Development Senior 

For description see Human Development. 


BIN 410 Biology Senior Seminar 
For description see Biology. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Senior Seminar 

For description see Chemistry. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Senior 


For description see Computer Science. 

MSN 410 Marine Science Senior Seminar 
For description see Marine Science. 

NAN 410 Mathematics/Physics Senior 

For mathematics and physics majors. For descrip- 
tion see Mathematics. 


Social Relations Perspective Courses 


Courses in this perspective are designed to pro- 
vide an organized perspective on some aspect of 
human social behavior in order to enhance the 
student's ability to function as an effective, re- 
sponsible and caring member of society. 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 

Gender and American Culture 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, form task groups to design com- 
ponents of Utopian systems, and write statement 
laying philosophical foundation for a personal 
concept of Utopia. 

CSN 210S Computers and Society 
For description see Computer Science. 

ECB 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

ECB 30 IS Leadership: the Human Side 
of Economics 

For descriptions see Economics. 

HDA 202S Human Development: 
Culture and Identity 

HDA 383S Development of Human 

HDA 386S Ethical Issues in Human 

For descriptions see Human Development. 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIC 23 IS Revolutions in the Modern 

HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement 

For descriptions see History. 

IBC/MNB 275S The Sex Role 
Revolution in Management 

IBC/MNB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 


For descriptions see International Business. 

KSB 20 IS Power, Authority and Virtue 

Government and society depend on what people 
believe. Examine the relationship between vir- 
tue, power, and authority through study of some 
great philosophical texts which have informed 
this inquiry in modern civilization. 

KSL 201 S The Ancient Tradition I: 
Homer to Plato 

Classical Greek paideia (culture/education) 
through great texts of the era, to see what can be 
learned from them about the things that matter 
most of all today. Hesiod, Aeschylus, Euripides, 
Hippocrates, Thucydides, Plato, Aristophanes. 

KSL 202S The Ancient Tradition II: 
Empires and Ethics 

Great literary, historical, scientific and philosophi- 
cal texts of later classical and Hellenistic Greece 
to the late Roman Empire, studied for insights 
and understanding about things that matter to- 

LIA 267S Literature of Healing and 

For description see Literature. 

LTL 200S American Values: Derivation, 
Practice and Principles 

Attend weekly ASPEC lectures, participate in 
coUoquey with speakers and Academy members, 
and then meet in seminar session to conclude 
each lecture day's academic work. Topics will vary 
from semester to semester. 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For description see Management. 

MNB/IBC 275S The Sex Role 
Revolution in Management 

MNBABC 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 


For description see International Business. 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 



POI 2/30 IS Introduction to 
Contemporary British Politics 
For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 
For description see Political Science. 

PSB 10 IS Introduction to Psychology 
For descriptions see Psychology. 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 

REL 21 OS Introduction to Christian 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 
For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

SLB 10 IS Introduction to Sociology 
For description see Sociology. 

WGL 20 IS Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

For description see Women's and Gender Stud- 


Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methodologies to the study of diverse aspects of 
human conduct. Theories of human behavior are 
tested and developed through the collection and 
analysis of empirical evidence. The discipline 
strives to provide students with perspectives and 
methods that may be applied to understanding a 
broad range of social phenomena. 

Knowledge and skills expected of sociology stu- 

— Sociology students learn critical thinking skills 
including the ability to challenge common as- 
sumptions, formulate questions, evaluate evi- 
dence, and reach reasoned conclusions. 

— Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students ac- 
quire knowledge of traditional and emergent 
sociological perspectives that may be applied 
to understanding the various dimensions of 
social life. 

— Methodological competency is necessary to the 
development and application of critical think- 
ing. Students acquire qualitative and quanti- 
tative research skills which allow an apprecia- 
tion of sociological research, and facilitate the 
critique of evidence underlying many issues of 
public debate. 

— The sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory of social life. 

— Sociology students develop writing and speak- 
ing skills needed to present ideas and research 
efforts in a cogent and scholarly form. Clear, 
organized presentation of ideas and research 
is requisite to sociological training. Conse- 
quently, every effort is made to help students 
improve their oral and written communica- 
tion skills. 

— Sociology provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to recog- 
nize and comprehend global and national di- 
versity of social life, and thus locate personal 
values and self-identity within the context of 
our complex and changing social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a 
core of five course requirements with a minimum 
of C grade in each course. SLB lOlS Introduc- 
tion to Sociology provides the foundation of 
theoretical perspectives, research methods, and 
substantive areas of investigation that are shared 
across the discipline. BEB 160M Statistical 
Methods instructs students in the techniques of 
quantitative data analysis. In SLB 260 Qualita- 
tive Methods and SLB 360 Research Design, 
students develop an advanced understanding of 
research methodologies that includes application 
to real world social issues. SLB 410 The His- 
tory of Social Thought elaborates sociological 
theory in an intensive examination of perspec- 
tives for explaining social behavior. In addition 
to the five core requirements, students select five 
sociology electives toward completion of the ten 
courses in the major. It is also possible for the 
student to focus the five electives on specializa- 
tion in criminal justice or social interaction. 



BEB 160M Statistical Methods 
For description see Behavioral Science 

SLB 10 IS Introduction to Sociology 

The study of degrees of agreement and disagree- 
ment among groups, organizations, institutions, 
etc., which exist in society, and what produces 
levels of agreement. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses of 
relationship between human self-consciousness 
and socialization. Each human being is unique, 
but each's sense of self is shaped by others. Pre- 
requisite: SLB 1018. 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through exami- 
nation of the collective nature of human behav- 
ior, the function of values and normative pat- 
terns, and social conflict over values and re- 
sources. Prerequisite: SLB 101 S. 

SLB 224 Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the his- 
torical transition of ideas about crime, types of 
crime such as street level, organized, corporate, 
government; the measurement of crime and crimi- 
nal deterrence. 

SLB 235 Deviance 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homosexu- 
ality, mental illness, prostitution, child abuse, 
drug addiction and rape. Prerequisite: SLB lOlS. 

SLB/MNB 251 Work and Occupations 

For description see Management. 

SLB 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and analy- 
sis of human conduct and experience. Hands-on 
experience in field research methods and socio- 
logical inquiry. Prerequisite: SLB 1018. 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, pub- 
lic attitudes toward crime, discretionary power 
of police, capital punishment, adjustments after 
prison release. 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, child 
and family services, legal services, special educa- 

tion, working a minimum often hours a week at 
the agency. Prerequisites: at least Junior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

SLB 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, 
spouses, parents, kin examined. Ways in which 
family and work life interact. Dynamic changes 
in American family structure, and the modern 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior in 
public places. The nature of deference and de- 
meanor, tension between individuality and so- 
cial structure, rules governing involvement, nor- 
mal appearances, and role distance. Prerequisite: 
BEB 160MandSLB260. 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 

For description see Management. 

SLB 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey 
project. Prerequisite: BEB 160M, 

SLB/MNB 371 Organizational Behavior 
and Leadership 

SLB/MNB 405 Human Ecology 

For descriptions see Management. 

SLB 410 History of Social Thought 

Senior seminar for sociology majors. Concepts, 
approaches and orientations that have played a 
part in shaping the nature of sociology, and ideas 
during the 19th and 20th centuries as sociology 

SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the dy- 
namics which produced it. Primary frameworks, 
the anchoring of activity, legitimation, internal- 
ization, selective attention, typification. Prereq- 
uisite: SLB 135 and 260. 

SLB/MNB 45 1 Technology and Society 

For description see Management. 




See Modem Languages. 


BEB 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Behavioral Science. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

For description see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given to a student for only one 
of the above courses, but not both. 


The theatre program has two important func- 
tions: to provide the serious and talented the- 
atre student with the theoretical, historical and 
practical fundamentals of the field; and to serve 
as a cultural resource for the college and commu- 
nity. Therefore, anyone is encouraged to join the 
creative efforts on-stage and backstage, whether 
student, staff or townsperson. 

Students majoring in theatre are expected to 
develop the following knowledge and skills: 

— acting and movement skills; for majors with 
emphasis in performance (acting/directing), 
additional in-depth knowledge and skills in 
one area, such as dance, singing. 

— technical and backstage skills; for majors with 
emphasis in production, additional knowledge 
and skill in one area, such as sound, carpen- 
try, costuming. 

— functions and responsibilities of professional 
theatre staff. 

— knowledge of 100 plays, two-thirds classical, 
one-third modern, and twenty-five one act 

— knowledge of major Western historical peri- 
ods and at least one Eastern theatre tradition. 

— names of important theatrical innovators, past 
and present, one source reference book in each 
major theatrical field, major professional the- 
atre organizations and unions, theatrical sup- 
ply houses and leasing agents for plays, and 
good graduate schools in the area of empha- 

The academic requirements for theatre majors 
are 14 courses in the area which will include the 
following core program: The Human Instrument, 
Basic Acting, Stagecraft, Theatre Projects, Direct- 
ing, History of Drama (two semesters). Theatre 
Beyond Literature, Theatre Internship, and Se- 
nior Project 

Suggested programs for performance or techni- 
cal emphasis: 


The Human Instrument (core) 
Basic Acting (core) 
Dance I (performance) 
Stage Lighting (technical) 
Living Theatre (alternate) 


Directing (core) 

Stagecraft (core) 

Theatre Projects (core) 

Character and Scene Study (performance) 

Scenography (technical) 



Dance II 

Musical Theatre 

The Lively Arts in London (winter term 



History of Drama I and II (core) 
Lighting Design (technical) 
Theatre Internship (core) 
Directing (performance or technical) 


Scene Design 

Costume Design 

Seminar in Theatre 


Theatre Beyond Literature (core) 
Ensemble Acting (performance) 
Senior Project (core) 

Lighting Design 

Advanced Acting 

Advanced Directing 



Each student is expected to concentrate on a 
major creative work as a Senior project Some 
time should be spent on an internship at a major 
theatre center (generally London), or on a spe- 
cial summer program of participation in the per- 
formance arts. The American Stage Company is 
based in St Petersburg and provides professional 
resources for the theatre program. 

A minor in theatre requires six courses, of which 
at least two are at the 200 level or above. 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, 
mind, and psyche through a wide range of exer- 

THA 102 A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic consider- 
ations of the theatre arts, along with performance 
and theatre technology. Class critiques of dra- 
matic productions on campus. Short scenes per- 
formed in class. 

THA 161 Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constructing 
the stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and 
power tools, set construction, scene painting, 
special effects and new products. 

THA 162 Stage Lighting 

Basic principles and procedures for electricity and 
stage lighting. Instruments, terminology, wiring, 
drawing light plots, lamps, dimmers, lighting 
control equipment 

THA 163 Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene 
work. Introduction to several approaches to the 
craft of acting. THA 101 recommended. 

THA 1/2/366 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and pro- 
duction. Completion of three units chosen from: 
production (lights, publicity, costumes, sound, 
scenery, props, makeup, management) and per- 
formance (audition repertory, touring, main-stage, 
studio, choreography). May be repeated for credit 

THA 176 Dance I 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement vo- 
cabulary. A study of dance history. Active tech- 
nique class, with performing opportunity. 


THA 202 Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisa- 
tion and theatre games. Should be viewed as a 
"laboratory" course. Students work with tech- 
niques developed by a variety of theatrical inno- 
vators, with emphasis on controlled creativity. 
Permission of instructor required. 

THA/LIL 236/7 History of Drama I, II 

For description see Literature. 

THA 261 A Video Practicum 

Introduction to video camera and recording 
equipment, basic composition of the video pic- 
ture, taping live action and performance, and the 
capabilities of video as a medium. Students must 
own a video camera and secure access to editing 
equipment through EC-TV. May be repeated for 

THA 265A CAD: Applications for the 

Become familiar with state-of the-art programs for 
use in theatre design and performance and be- 
gin to utilize, in actual production, sophisticated 
programs available in the Bininger Theatre. Ba- 
sic program tools of Draft Choice, AutoCAD, 
Lights Beyond Athens. Two-dimensional draw- 
ing techniques, three-dimensional drawing func- 
tions, Desktop publishing, set design to light plot 
transfer. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

THA 266 Theatre Projects 
For description see THA 1/2/366. 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

History and performance technique of the musi- 
cal, America's unique contribution to theatrical 
arts. Derivation and stylistic development of the 
form; artistic aspects of performance through 
laboratory production of scenes. 

THA 276 Dance II 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance com- 
position. Active technique class, dance composi- 
tion projects, and performing opportunity. Pre- 
requisites: Dance I or previous experience and 
permission of instructor. 

THA 322 Communication Arts and 

The principles, values, forms and effects of per- 
suasive public communication. Film and video- 
tape examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive 
speech. Not open to Freshmen. 

Western Heritage 

THA 366 Theatre Projects 
For description see THA 1/2/366. 

THA 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and pro- 
fessional theatre companies on internship basis. 
May be repeated for credit Permission of instruc- 
tor required. 

THA 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to produc- 
tion. Productions provide menu for Lunchbox 
Theatre Series. Prerequisite: THA 163 or equiva- 
lent experience or permission of instructor. 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning with 
basic elements of movement and culminating in 
a student work. Performing opportunity. Prereq- 
uisites: Dance II, or previous experience and 
permission of instructor. 

THA 382 Theatre Beyond Literature 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values 
in Eastern and Western culture, and the forces 
that contributed to the development of various 
styles of presentation in each distinct historical 
period, with a key script from each period. 

THA 465 Special Projects in Design 

Execution of a scene, lighting or costume design 
for a major full-length production or series of 
one-act plays. Prerequisite: THA 161, 1 62 or 363 
or permission of instructor. May be repeated for 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Ensemble, or Improvisation or Characterization 
or Scene-Study, or Acting Styles or performance 
of a major role in a full length play, or of several 
smaller roles, accompanied by an in-depth study 
of various tactics for characterization, applicable 
to the role in question. May be repeated for credit 
Prerequisite: THA 163, or permission of instruc- 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period 
or modern piece. Each director prepares at least 
two examples for an audience. Critique discus- 
sions. Prerequisite: THA 372. 

THA 499 Senior Project 

Theatre majors are required to submit, in the 
second semester of the Junior year, a proposal 
for a project in their area of emphasis. The project, 
to be completed in the Senior year, is a synthesis 
of the student's academic and practical experi- 
ence, and an opportunity to demonstrate knowl- 
edge and evaluate the final project Some pos- 
sible choices are acting, directing, design and play 
writing. A three-member faculty committee evalu- 
ates the final project Prerequisite: taking the 
Theatre Assessment Examination. 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 

Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 



See Art. 


WHF 181 Western Heritage I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study of the Sumerian, Greek, 
Roman and Medieval worlds, using masterworks 
of Western civilization. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage II 

Exploring the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, 
the I9th and 20th centuries, through literature, 
the arts, scientific accomplishments, and other 
major intellectual endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183C U.S. Area Studies 
Open to international students only. A contem- 
porary view of the U.S. and a limited survey of 
its past, size and diversity. Required for all de- 
gree-seeking international students. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage (Honors) 

The Freshman course for students in the Hon- 
ors Program. Students meet weekly for the aca- 
demic year and are awarded a course credit Ad- 
mission is by application to the Honors Program 


Women*s and Gender Studies 


Descriptions of winter term projects are published 
in a separate brochure. 


Women's and gender studies is an interdiscipli- 
nary major exploring the creation, meaning and 
perpetuation of gender in human societies, both 
past and present. It is also an inquiry into 
women's material, cultural and economic pro- 
duction, their collective undertakings and self 
descriptions. The women's and gender studies 
major seeks to provide opportunities for: 

— acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 

— developing an understanding and respect for 
the integrity of self and others. 

— learning to communicate effectively. 

— developing the knowledge, abilities, apprecia- 
tion and motivations which are liberating men 
and women. 

— serious encounters with the values dimensions 
of individual growth and social interaction. 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender stud- 
ies take a minimum often courses including WGL 
201 S and WGL 410 and eight additional courses 
in three disciplines in consultation with their 
Mentors. Five of these courses must be at the 
300 level or above. Majors must successfully pass 
a Senior comprehensive examination or, if invited 
by the faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, stu- 
dents take five courses including WGL 201 S and 
WGL 410. Three of the five courses must be at 
the 300 level or above. 

WGL 410 does not replace the collegial or 
discipline Senior Seminar for students who 
are minoring in women's and gender studies. 

WGL 2018 Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical con- 
struction of gender and gender roles from an 
interdisciplinary perspective. Human gender dif- 
ferences, male and female sexuality, relationship 
between gender, race and class. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the inter- 
disciplinary work of the major. Students work in 
collaborative research groups to read and critique 
each others work and produce a presentation that 
reflects interdisciplinary views on a women/gen- 
der issue. Focus on methodologies of the various 
disciplines and on research methods. 

Descriptions of the following courses in the ma- 
jor are found in the disciplinary listings: 


AML 3078 Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries and Reformers 
(Directed Study available) 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture (Directed 
Study available) 


ANC 208 Human Sexuality 


ECB 371 Economics of Gender 


FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 


HIL 321 Women in Modern America: 
The Hand that Cradles the Rock 
(Directed Study available) 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 


HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Gender Issues 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 


Writing Workshop 


LIL 205 A Woman as Metaphor 

LIL 206A Men and Women in Literature 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

LI A 3 80 A Images of the Goddess 

LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary 


MNB/SLB 251 Work and Occupations 
(Directed Study available) 

MNBABC 275S The Sex-Role 
Revolution in Management (Directed 
Study available) 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 
(Directed Study available) 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology (Directed 
Study available) 

MNB/SLB 45 1 Technology and Society 
(Directed Study available) 


PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

PLL 331/2 Philosophy of Gender 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodology: Feminist Theory 


PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 


REL 205 Varieties of Biblical 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

REL 361 Contemporary Christian 

REL 44 1 New Testament Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 


SLB 326 The Family 


SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 


See Creative Writing. 





Autumn term is a three-week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one aca- 
demic project, plus orientation, testing, and reg- 
istration. New students choose from among fif- 
teen or more courses offered by the professors 
who thus become their Mentors (advisers) and 
their Western Heritage instructors for the Fresh- 
man year. Typical autumn term offerings in re- 
cent years have included Women and Fiction, 
Food in History, Geology of Beaches, The Com- 
puter: Slave or Master, Health Psychology, and 
The Sociology of Sex Roles. See the autumn term 
brochure available from Foundations or Admis- 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for in- 
ternational students) 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, com- 
parative customs, systems, attitudes, American 
literature, health care, legal matters, sports, work- 
ing, education, religion, politics, improving lan- 
guage skills. Resource people, field trips. Daily 
journal, analytical papers, final project reflect- 
ing autumn term experiences. 


Winter term provides the opportunity for study 
concentrated on a single topic. Neither regular 
semester nor directed study courses are taken as 
winter term projects. Off-campus independent 
study projects may be taken only by students 
above Freshman standing for whom the 
off-campus location is essential to the nature of 
the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published 
in a separate brochure, available about June 1 of 
each year. The winter term brochure contains 
complete information on registration and other 
procedures related to winter term. Additions and 
corrections to the winter term projects listing are 
published early in the fall semester. 

As an indication of the range of educational op- 
portunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in the 
Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the 
Year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Prob- 
lem: Now and the Future; The Economics of 
Public Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Ex- 
pository Writing; The South in American His- 
tory; The Art of Biography; The New Religions; 
Perspectives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant 
Life; The Basics of Color Photography; Math- 
ematical Modeling; Computer Project; Chemis- 
try, The Environment and the Future. 

Off-Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A Cul- 
tural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: Geo- 
physics of Volcanoes in Hawaii; International 
Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The 
Dry Tortugas Expedition on the Brig Unicorn; 
The Art and Architecture of Renaissance Florence 
and Venice; Mexico: Language and/or Culture; 
Shapes of the Land of Enchantment (New 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed 
as restricted to the classroom. The college cher- 
ishes the freedom that students experience in 
the college community and in the choices they 
make concerning their own personal growth. At 
the same time, each student, as a member of a 
Christian community of learners, is expected to 
contribute to this community and to accept and 
live by its values and standards: commitment to 
truth and excellence; devotion to knowledge and 
understanding; sensitivity to the rights and needs 
of others; belief in the inherent worth of all hu- 
man beings and respect for human differences; 
contempt for dishonesty, prejudice and destruc- 
tiveness. Just as Eckerd intends that its students 

shall be competent givers throughout their lives, 
it expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just as 
Eckerd seeks to provide each student with op- 
portunities for learning and excellence, each stu- 
dent is expected to play a significant part in the 
vitality and integrity of the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards, every student upon entering Eckerd 
College is expected to sign a promise to uphold 
the statement of Shared Commitment that 
guides student life on campus. For a full descrip- 
tion of the Shared Commitment, see page 4. 



St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, 
and St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater to- 
gether form a metropolitan area of over two mil- 
lion people with all the services and cultural fa- 
cilities of any area this size. 

St Petersburg and nearby cities offer art museums, 
symphony orchestras, and professional theatre, 
in addition to road show engagements of Broad- 
way plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, and 
other attractions for a full range of entertainment. 

The St. Louis Cardinals baseball team maintains 
headquarters in St. Petersburg for spring train- 
ing, and there are major golf and tennis tourna- 
ments in the area. Professional football fans can 
follow the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and profes- 
sional hockey fans, the Tampa Bay Lightning. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races 
are held every year, as well as many regattas for 
sail and power boats. Fine public beaches on the 
Gulf of Mexico are within bicycling distance of 
the Eckerd College campus, as are public golf 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with a normal average temperature of 73.5 de- 
gree F. and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip 
of the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is lo- 
cated, Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded— 
267 acres with over 1 'A miles of waterfront on 
Boca Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There 
are three small lakes on the campus, and the 
chapel is on an island in one of them. The 68 
air-conditioned buildings were planned to pro- 
vide a comfortable environment for learning in 
the Florida climate. Professors and students fre- 
quently forsake their classrooms and gather out- 
doors in the sunshine or under a pine tree's shade. 
Outdoor activities are possible all year; cooler 
days during the winter are not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has eight residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommodate 
34-36 students and the newest facility, "Nu" 
Dorm, consisting of 16 eight-person suites. Most 
of the student residences overlook the water. Each 
house has a student Resident Adviser who is avail- 
able for basic academic or personal counseling 
and is generally responsible for the house opera- 
tion. Residence houses are self-governed. 


ECOS is the college's student government asso- 
ciation. It acts as a link between the students 
and the administration, with its officers sitting 
on several policy making committees, represent- 
ing student views and issues. It also coordinates 
the budgeting of dozens of student organizations 
and activities, with fimds accumulated from each 
student's activities fee. The membership of the 
Eckerd College Organization of Students consists 
of all matriculated students, full and part time. 


Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both inside and outside of the 
classroom. We provide a broad range of campus 
activities— and if you cannot find something that 
suits your interests, we encourage you to start a new 
group of your own. Your free time can be as inter- 
esting and rewarding as you want to make it 


The College Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities include 
a convenience store, gameroom, conversation 
lounge, and multipurpose room with a large 
screen television and audio equipment. The Col- 
lege Center provides the opportunity for students 
to interact with faculty and staff as well as peers. 


The College Program Series, jointly planned by 
students, faculty and administration, is designed 
to enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural 
life of the college community through bringing 
well known scholars, artists and distinguished 
Americans to the campus each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, traditional par- 
ties and comedy nights, and concerts featuring 
local and nationally known artists. 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions 
by student and faculty artists, dance perfor- 
mances, and a series of plays produced by the 
theatre workshops. 

The intramural and recreation program allows 
houses and individuals to compete in a variety 


of programs. The intranuiral sports include vol- 
leyball, flag football, soccer, sailing, fishing, street 
hockey, basketball and softball. The recreation 
program includes aerobics, martial arts, a rope 
course, and numerous club sports. 


Publications are funded by student government 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. 
Student media include the Triton Tribune, the 
student newspaper; WECX, the campus radio 
station; EC-TV, the campus television station; 
The Siren, a literary magazine featuring artwork, 
prose, and poetry by members of the entire cam- 
pus community; The EC-Book, the student 
handbook; and a year book. 


If there is enough student interest to form a club, 
one can easily be chartered. Organizations which 
have been student-initiated include the 
Afro-American Society, Biology Club, Circle K, 
International Students, Pre-Law Club, Big Broth- 
ers/Big Sisters, the Triton Sailing, Waterskiing 
and Boardsailing Teams, Athletic Boosters, Earth 
Society, Men's Volleyball and Women's Soccer. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus Min- 
istry Program, a joint effort of students, faculty 
and staff. The program provides religious activi- 
ties in a Christian context and assists individu- 
als and groups of other religious persuasions to 
arrange their own activities. Worship services, 
special speakers and emphasis weeks, small group 
studies, service projects and fellowship activities 
are provided through the program. The Chap- 
lain serves as minister to students, faculty and 
staff, is available for counseling or consultation, 
and works closely with the Student Affairs staff 
to enhance the quality of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are en- 
couraged to explore matters of faith and com- 
mitment as an integral part of your educational 
experience. We believe that personal growth and 
community life are significantly strengthened by 
encounter with the claims of the Christian faith 
and the values of the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 


Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the south- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting recrea- 
tional opportunities on the campus. The facil- 
ities, located on Frenchman's Creek, include a 
new Waterfront Activities Center which houses 
offices, classrooms, a communication center, 
restrooms, and gear storage rooms. Additional 
facilities include boathouse, support buildings, 
docks and ramp, fishing, snorkeling, and other 
recreational equipment, live bait, a Ship's Store 
and Food Galley, a fleet of sailboats, canoes, 
sailboards, and two Correct Craft Ski Nautiques 
(for recreational and competitive waterskiing). If 
you own a boat, you can arrange to store or dock 
it here if space is available. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is the 
community member's ability to use the facilities 
without membership in a formal club or organi- 
zation. There are, however, many clubs and teams 
sponsored by the Waterfront for those interested. 
The Triton Sailing Team sails in sloop and 
single-hand competitions against schools from 
North Carolina through Florida in SAISA (the 
South Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing Associa- 
tion), while the Triton Boardsailing Team com- 
petes in regattas both in and out of the colle- 
giate circuit. Members of the Triton Waterski 
Team compete in trick, slalom, and jump events 
against schools throughout the Southern Con- 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organ- 
izations is Eckerd College Search and Rescue 
(EC-SAR) which is a highly trained group of stu- 
dents and alumni who provide maritime search 
and rescue services to the Tampa Bay boating 
community. Working closely with the U.S. Coast 
Guard and many local and state agencies, mem- 
bers give a high level of dedication, skill and com- 
mitment to public service and have received many 
national and local awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all levels 
on both small sloops and larger sailboats. Nor- 
mal class offerings include beginning and inter- 
mediate sailing, boardsailing, and scuba diving 
which is arranged through an area dive shop. 
Informal dockside instruction is offered during 
the afternoons by waterfront staff and vokmteers. 



As a college student, you are likely to encounter 
many new and different experiences and face 
many important decisions. There may be times 
when you might want some help in negotiating 
these new challenges. The Counseling Center can 
help you to deal with these challenges, under- 
stand yourself better, gain insight into your deci- 
sions, improve your self-image, enhance your per- 
sonal relationships, and learn to make new 
choices for more effective living. Counselors are 
interested in assisting you with your personal, 
intellectual and psychological growth and devel- 
opment The Counseling Center is staffed by two 
full-time and two part-time therapists, and all 
services are free and completely confidential. 

In addition to providing psychological counsel- 
ing for students, the counseling center staff of- 
fers counseling services to faculty, staff, residence 
halls, and student organizations needing special- 
ized programs or information regarding psycho- 
logical issues, conflict resolution, or wellness-re- 
lated issues. Topical presentations and workshops 
are available on a variety of topics. 

The Counseling Center also houses the EC- 
SPIRIT program (Eckerd College Students Pro- 

moting Innovate, healthieR Interests Together). 
The EC-SPIRIT program provides educational 
and informational programs dealing with health- 
related issues including substance abuse or mis- 
use problems as well as sponsoring campus ac- 
tivities designed to promote a holistic sense of 
personal well being. The Counseling Center also 
sponsors the Peer Educators' Program, which in- 
cludes a speaker's bureau, peer counselors, and 
alternatives-alcohol-free campus activities pro- 


Eckerd's medical service is a member of the 
American College Health Association and dir- 
ected by a physician who is at the Health Center 
two hours every Monday through Friday. A reg- 
istered nurse is on duty 8 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., 
Monday through Friday and part time on Satur- 
day and Sunday. Students in need of treatment 
after these hours contact their Resident Advisers 
or Campus Safety personnel for assistance, or go 
directly to a hospital emergency room, or call 
911 if emergency care is needed. Medicine may 
be charged to the student's account The college 
notifies parents when community hospitalization 
is necessary, with the consent of the student 



All students must file an official health form as 
part of the admissions procedure, and must have 
health insurance coverage in order to be enrolled 
in the college. They must either show proof of 
insurance or sign up for the student insurance 
plan available to them through the college for a 

More detailed information about health services 
programs is available in the Health Center. 


As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd sup- 
ports a number of programs in this field. Visits 
to the campus give minority students who are 
considering Eckerd College a chance to view the 
college, visit the faculty, live in the residence halls, 
and talk with other students. 

The Afro-American Society, a student organiza- 
tion, helps to plan a full range of programs that 
celebrate diversity. The Office of Multicultural 
Affairs is available to provide assistance for any 
special needs of minority students. 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of 
age, or who live with their family are provided 
with campus post office boxes to receive commu- 
nications. Opportunities for participation in cam- 
pus sports, activities, cultural events, and stu- 
dent government (ECOS), are available to day 

students and are coordinated and communicated 
by the Day Student Program. All cars, motor- 
cycles, and bicycles are registered by the Office 
of Campus Safety. 


Eckerd College is a member of the National Col- 
legiate Athletic Association. Men play a full in- 
tercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, cross 
country, golf, soccer and tennis. Women's inter- 
collegiate sports include basketball, cross coun- 
try, golf, Softball, tennis and volleyball. Cross 
country and golf are co-educational sports. The 
college is a member of the Sunshine State Con- 
ference, and both men and women play NCAA 
Division II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with house 
teams. All students are eligible to participate in 
the wide range of intramural activities, which 
include football, Softball, soccer, volleyball, bas- 
ketball, and street hockey. In addition, sports 
clubs may be organized around swimming, sail- 
ing and canoeing. The McArthur Physical Edu- 
cation Center houses locker rooms, physical edu- 
cation faculty offices, two basketball courts, a 
weight room, four badminton courts, and three 
volleyball courts, a swimming pool, and areas of 
open space where you can practice your golf swing. 



Eckerd College seeks academically qualified stu- 
dents of various backgrounds, national and eth- 
nic origins. Further, we seek students who show 
promise for making positive contributions to 
members of the Eckerd College community. 
When you apply, we will look at your academic 
performance in liberal arts courses (mathemat- 
ics, science, social studies, English, foreign lan- 
guages, creative arts). We will also consider your 
performance on the college entrance examina- 
tions (ACT or SAT). Students whose native lan- 
guage is not English can choose to replace the 
ACT or SAT with the TOEFL examination. 
Achievement tests are not required but are highly 
recommended. Your potential for personal and 
academic development is important and in this 
respect we will look closely at your personal es- 
say, record of activities and recommendations 
from your counselors or teachers. Admissions 
decisions are made on a rolling basis beginning 
in October and continuing through the academic 
year for the following fall. Students considering 
mid-year admission for either winter term O^nu- 
ary) or spring semester (February) are advised to 
complete application procedures by December 
1. Applicants for fall entry should complete pro- 
cedures by April 1 . 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college pre- 
paratory curriculum. Our preference is for stu- 
dents who have taken four units of English, three 
or more units each of mathematics, sciences and 
social studies, and at least two units of a foreign 
language. Although no single criterion is used as 
a determinant for acceptance and we have no 
automatic "cutoff" points, the great majority of 
students who gain admission to Eckerd College 
have a high school average of B or better in their 
college preparatory courses and have scored in 
the top 25 percent of college-bound students tak- 
ing the ACT or SAT. 


1 . Request application forms in Junior year or 
early in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date. Students 
who are financially unable to pay the $25 
application fee will have the fee waived upon 
request. Eckerd College accepts the Common 
Application in lieu of its own form and gives 
equal consideration to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the sec- 
ondary school from which you will be gradu- 
ated to send an academic transcript and per- 
sonal recommendation to: Dean of Admis- 
sions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Assessment 
Test, offered by the College Entrance Exami- 
nation Board or the ACT Test Battery, of 
fered by the American College Testing Pro- 
gram. Take your test in spring of Junior year 
or early fall of Senior year. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community col- 
leges that have earned full regional accreditation. 
Applicants are expected to be in good standing 
at the institution last attended and eligible to 
return to that institution. 


1 . Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissions with an application fee 
of $25 (non-refundable) at least two months 
prior to the desired entrance date (see calen- 
dar for various entry points). 

2 . Request that official college transcripts be sent 
to us from every college or university you 
have attended. 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT or ACT). This may be waived upon 
request for students who have completed at 
least one year of college work. 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from one 
of your college professors. 


5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 


After you have been accepted for admission your 
transcript will be forwarded to the college Regis- 
trar for credit evaluation. 

With regard to the transfer of credits from other 
regionally accredited institutions, it is the policy 
of Eckerd College to: 

1 . Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with 
a cumulative grade point average of at least 
2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appropriate 
courses in which grades of C or higher were 
earned. Transfer credits will be awarded for 
courses with comparable titles, descriptions, 
and contents to Eckerd College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit since the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must be completed at Eckerd. 

Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd Col- 
lege will have cumulative grade point averages of 
at least 2.0 in courses accepted from other insti- 
tutions toward an Eckerd College degree. This 
policy statement covers practices in both the resi- 
dential college and the PEL program. 

Applicants who have earned credits more than 
five years ago, or whose earlier academic records 
are unavailable or unusual are requested to di- 
rect special inquiry to the Admissions office. 


All students who have been accepted for admis- 
sion are asked to deposit a $100 acceptance fee, 
within thirty days of acceptance or within thirty 
days of a financial aid award. This fee is refund- 
able until May 1 for fall applicants, but is not 
refundable for mid-year applicants. Students who 
are accepted after November 15 for mid-year en- 
try or after April 15 for fall entry will be ex- 
pected to reply within fifteen days of acceptance 
with a $100 non-refundable fee. The acceptance 
fee is applied toward tuition costs and credited 
to the student's account. 

A Student Information Form and a Health Form 
are sent to all accepted students. The Student 
Information Form should be returned within two 
weeks of acceptance or should accompany the 
acceptance fee. This form enables us to begin 
planning for needs of the entering class of resi- 
dential and commuting students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admis- 
sions office prior to the enrollment date. 


Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview 
with an admissions counselor. We also encour- 
age you to visit a class and meet students and 
faculty members. An interview is not a required 
procedure for admission but is always a most 
beneficial step for you the student, as well as for 
those of us who evaluate your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits a few outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their Jun- 
ior year in high school. In addition to regular 
application procedures outlined above, early ad- 
mission candidates must submit a personal let- 
ter explaining reasons for early admission; request 
two letters of recommendation from an English 
and a mathematics teacher; and come to campus 
for an interview with an admissions counselor. 


A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed 
to the Dean of Admissions. 



Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis 
of scores on the Advanced Placement examina- 
tions administered by the College Entrance Ex- 
amination Board. Students who have obtained 
scores of four or five will automatically be 
awarded credit. Scores of three are recorded on 
the student's permanent transcript and are re- 
ferred to the faculty of the appropriate discipline 
for recommendations concerning credit. Appli- 
cants who seek advanced placement should have 
examination results sent to the Dean of Admis- 


Course credit will also be awarded on the basis 
of scores received on the College Level Exam- 
ination Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded only 
for the following: 









American Government 


3.5 hours 

American History I 


3.5 hours 

American History II 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

College Algebra 


3.5 hours 

College Algebra— Trigonometry 55 

3.5 hours 

Educational Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

General Biology 


7.0 hours 

General Chemistry 


7.0 hours 

General Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

Human Growth and 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Accounting 


3.5 hours 




3.5 hours 




3.5 hours 

Introductory Marketing 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Sociology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 



3.5 hours 

Western Civilization I 


3.5 hours 

Western Civilization II 


3.5 hours 

International students may not use CLEP to re- 
ceive college credit for elementary or intermediate 
foreign language in their native tongue. 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of Ad- 


Eckerd College will confer Sophomore standing 
to students who have completed the full Inter- 
national Baccalaureate and who have earned 
grades of 5 or better in their three Higher Level 
subjects. LB. students who do not earn the full 
Diploma may receive credit for Higher Level sub- 
jects in which grades of 5 or better were earned 
in the examinations. 


Eckerd College enrolls students from more than 
fifty countries. Some are native speakers of En- 
glish; many are not. In all cases, the Admissions 
and Scholarship Committee gives special atten- 
tion to the evaluation of students who have com- 
pleted their secondary education abroad. Candi- 
dates whose native language is not English should 
submit the TOEFL scores in lieu of SAT or ACT 
scores. Ordinarily, international students will not 
be admitted unless they score a minimum of 550 
on the TOEFL exam and/or complete level 109 
instruction in the ELS Language Center program. 



1. Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $25 (non- 
refundable) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
(and official university records if applying as 
a transfer student) be sent to us. If official 
records are not in English, we should receive 
a certified translation in English. 

3. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native students 
of English should be submitted. Others are 
urged to take SAT or ACT. 

4. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate funds 
are available to cover educational costs. 


The following international diplomas are ac- 
cepted for consideration of admission with ad- 
vanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students with success- 
ful scores in "A" level examinations may be con- 
sidered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore. 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students office. It will not be necessary 
for you to go through admission procedures again. 
However, if you have been enrolled at another 
college or university you will need to submit a 
transcript of courses taken there. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a stu- 
dent should write to the Dean of Students, who 
shall obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty 
as chair of the Academic Review Committee be- 
fore authorizing readmission. 


All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent resi- 
dents are eligible to receive aid if they demon- 
strate financial need. For institutional awards 
priority is given on the basis of grades, test scores, 
recommendations, and special talents. Most stu- 
dents receive an "aid package" consisting of schol- 
arship, grant, loan, and campus employment. In 
many cases, the financial aid package offered to 
a student may reduce out-ofpocket tuition pay- 
ment to less than would be paid at a state college 
or university. Eckerd College makes every effort 
to help a student develop financial plans that 
will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance are made 
upon admission to the college as well as the re- 
ceipt of the necessary financial aid credentials 
which can be accomplished by filing the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). 
No supplemental form is required. 

Transfer students must submit a Financial Aid 
Transcript from each prior school regardless of 
whether aid was received. The forms may be 
obtained from the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
office and must be returned before an award may 
be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 12 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the submis- 
sion of the Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid by answering the State questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid administered 
by Eckerd College are controlled by governmen- 
tal agencies external to the college. Examples of 
programs of this type are Federal Pell Grants, 
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity 
Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assistance 
Grants (FSAG), State Tuition Voucher, Federal 
Stafford Loans (formerly Guaranteed Student 
Loans), Federal Perkins Loans (formerly National 
Direct Student Loans), and the Federal Work 
Study Program. To receive a current pamphlet 
concerning these programs, write or contact the 
Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd College, 4200 
54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 


To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed in 
this catalog or any need-based assistance from the 
college or federal and state governments, it is nec- 
essary that you submit the Free Application for Fed- 
eral Student Aid, without a supplemental form. 
These forms are available in the guidance depart- 
ment of the school you are currently attending. It is 
important to mail the Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid by March 1 . 


When you apply to Eckerd College for read- 
mission after a period of time away from the col- 
lege, you should contact the Financial Aid office 
to determine your eligibility for all financial aid 

If you previously received financial assistance at 
Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial aid 
prior to readmission, you will need to complete 
the following steps: 

1 . Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from the 
Financial Aid office of each college you have 
attended since leaving Eckerd College. 

2. Ensure that your obligations for Federal 
Stafford Loan or Federal Perkins Loan pay- 
ments are being met. If you leave Eckerd 
College for one semester, your six month 
grace period will likely expire. Thereafter, you 
will have loan payments due which must be 
paid before receiving assistance again on re- 

3. You probably must enroll as a full-time stu- 
dent to apply for a deferment (postponement) 
of your student loan payments. During the 
months you are not enrolled full time, in- 
cluding summer, loan payments may become 

4. Obtain deferment form(s) from your lender(s) 
to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd College. 
The Registrar will verify your enrollment sta- 
tus to your lender(s). Deferment forms must 
be requested and submitted at least annually. 

5. All prior debts to Eckerd College must be 
satisfied before any financial aid assistance 
may be released. Contact Student Accounts 
to clear all prior obligations. 

6. Contact the Dean of Students to apply for 


Students receiving financial assistance must main- 
tain satisfactory academic progress to continue 
receiving aid. 

Normal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each semester and a 
short term each year with grades of C or better. 
If you enroll half time or full-time and fail to com- 
plete any courses in an academic year you will be 
dismissed. If you enroll in four courses each se- 
mester and a short term and meet minimum aca- 
demic requirements of the college, you must reach 
your baccalaureate degree within a maximum of 
six years. If you enroll in three courses each se- 
mester and a short term, you must complete your 
degree in a maximum of eight years: or two 
courses per semester for a maximum of eleven 
years. If you are a transfer student you will have 
the full mmiber of terms at Eckerd College as 
outlined in which to graduate. 

The Academic Review Committee will assess your 
progress each semester. If you are placed on pro- 
bation, you will also be placed automatically on 
financial aid probation. You may receive finan- 
cial assistance during your probationary period. 
If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, your financial assistance must cease. 

The Academic Review guidelines are as follows: 

1. Probation: 

(a) 2 or 3 F grades. 

(b) F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 2 to 5 courses. 

(c) 1 to 3 more D than B or better grades. 

2. Subject to Dismissal: 

(a) 4 F grades. 

(b) F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 6 courses. 

(c) 4 or more D than B or better grades. 

(d) Completion of no courses in an academic 

3. Dismissal: 

(a) 5 F grades. 

(b) F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 7 courses. 

(c) 5 or more D than B or better grades. 

(d) Completion of no courses in an academic 


You may be reinstated as follows: 

1. Removal of Probation: Complete 4 courses 
in one semester with C or better grades and 
the overall number of B or better grades at 
least equals the number of D grades. 

2. Reinstatement after Dismissal: Write to the 
Dean of Students who must obtain approval 
from the Dean of Faculty (Chairman of the 
Academic Review Committee) before read- 
mission is authorized. 

Additional information concerning the school's 
grading system and academic policies can be 
found in other sections of the Eckerd College 

Also, please note that certain financial aid pro- 
grams require special academic achievements for 
renewal as follows: 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cum. GPA - Church and Campus 
Eckerd College Grant 
Faculty Tuition Remission 
Ministerial Courtesy 
Special Talent 

3.0 Cum. GPA - Eckerd College Honors 
National Merit Special 

Presidential Scholarship 
Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

(a) Florida Undergraduate Scholars: 

3.2 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours 
during the two long semesters in which 
the award is received. 

(h) Florida Work Experience Program: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and appropriate course 
completion each semester worked. 

(c) Florida Student Assistant Grant: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours 
during the academic year; up to 9 semes- 
ters within a period of not more than 6 
consecutive years. 

(d) State Tuition VbucKer: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours com- 
pleted during the academic year; up to 9 

(e) Florida Teacher ScKolarshif) and Forgivable 


2.5 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours 
during the academic year. 

(f) Paul Douglas Teacher Scholarship Loan: 
measurable progress standards and full- 
time enrollment. 

(g) Vbcationaf Gold Seal Endorsement 


3.0 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours 
during the academic year. 

3. Florida Programs and CLAST 

Florida residents must take the College-Level 
Academic Skills Test before reaching Junior sta- 
tus to receive any award from the Florida assis- 
tance programs. The CLAST is administered 
three times a year at Eckerd College. Contact the 
Financial Aid office if you think you may qualify 
for Florida aid and to register for the CLAST. 

4. Federal Programs 

To be eligible for any Federal Title IV aid after 
your second academic year, if you received Fed- 
eral Title IV aid for the first time after 7/1/87, 
you must have a cumulative GPA at the end of 
the second and third academic years at Eckerd 
College that is consistent with requirements for 

Federal Title IV aid includes: 

(a) Federal Pell Grant 

(b) Federal Perkins Loan 

(c) Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 

(d) Federal Work Study Program 

(e) Federal Stafford Loan 
(0 Federal PLUS Loan 



The Presidential Scholarships are a recognition 
of outstanding merit without regard to financial 
need. Each year twenty-five Freshmen are selected 
to receive scholarships ranging from $6,000 
-$8,000 per year. The scholarships are renewable 
for a total of four years if the student maintains a 
3.0 grade point average. Selection criteria for this 
award include academic achievement, creative 
talent and character. Application deadline is Feb- 
ruary 15. A separate application is required and 
is available on request. 


The Special Honors Scholarship Program pro- 
vides fifteen full tuition awards to entering Fresh- 
men who are finalists and semifinalists in the 


National Merit, National Achievement, and Na- 
tional Hispanic Scholarship Programs. The value 
of this award is in excess of $15,300 per year, 
and in excess of $60,000 for four years if the 
student maintains a 3.0 grade point average. A 
student designated a semifinalist in one of these 
programs should make application for admission 
to Eckerd College no later than February 15. 


The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize out- 
standing applicants for admission (Freshmen and 
transfers). Scholarship finalists will be selected 
from among all applicants for admission with- 
out regard to financial need. A student receiving 
an Honors Scholarship may receive up to $5,000 
yearly. The scholarship is renewable if the stu- 
dent maintains a 3.0 grade point average. No 
separate application is required; however, for pri- 
ority consideration students should apply for 
admission no later than March 1. 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. 
All students accepted for admission are eligible 
to compete for these scholarships. Awards will 
be made on the basis of outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1. Achievement in math, science, English, so- 
cial studies, behavioral sciences, foreign 
languages or any specific area of academic 

2. Special talent in the creative arts— music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international edu- 
cation, including participation in AFS, 
YFU, or Rotary student exchange programs. 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service in stu- 
dent, community or church organizations. 

5. Special talent in men's or women's athletic 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renew- 
able for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average following formal recommendation 
by those qualified to evaluate the appropriate 
special talent No separate application is required 
but for priority consideration students should 
apply for admission prior to March 1 and sub- 
mit the following: 

1 . Free Application for Federal Student Aid 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, ad- 
viser or coach directly involved in student's 
achievement area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes to 
submit in support of his or her credentials. 


The Church and Campus Scholarships are a rec- 
ognition of merit for fifty new Presbyterian stu- 
dents each year who have been recommended by 
their pastor and possess traits of character, lead- 
ership and academic ability which in the pastor's 
opinion demonstrate the promise to become 
outstanding Christian citizens— either as a lay 
person or a minister. Students recommended by 
their pastor who become recipients of a Church 
and Campus Scholarship will receive a grant up 
to $4,000 to be used during the Freshman year. 
The award is renewable annually on the basis of 
demonstrated academic, leadership and service 
achievement, and a cumulative grade point aver- 
age of at least 2.0. This award is not based on 
financial need. Scholarship winners may apply 
for supplemental financial aid. More scholarship 
details and nomination forms are available on 


Endowed scholarship funds have been established 
by the gifts of those listed below or by the gifts 
of others in their honor. These scholarships are 
awarded through the regular scholarship and fi- 
nancial aid procedures of the college and do not 
require separate applications. 

Suzanne Armacost Memorial Scholarship, es- 
tablished in 1991, awarded on the basis of merit 
to outstanding students who have demonstrated 
the traits of a competent giver. 

Arts Scholarship, established in 1985 by an 
anonymous friend of the college to assist students 
majoring in the visual arts. 

Margaret S. and Walter D. Bach Memorial 
Fund, established in 1984, awarded annually to 
outstanding Florida students from Escambia, 
Santa Rosa, Okaloosa or Walton counties. 

Barnett Bank, established in 1988, awarded an- 
nually to students with financial need majoring 
in business or a related program with an interest 
in banking. 


William B. Blackburn Honor, established in 
1989, awarded annually to Freshmen women of 
academic distinction who plan to major in busi- 

Charles Bradshaw, established in 1982. 

Frank B. Buck, established in 1981 by his wife, 
to be awarded annually to a student of strong 
academic ability, financial need and demonstrated 
traits of a "competent giver." 

Buford Scholarship, established in 1982. 

Sherry Jo Byars, established in 1983, by W. 
Frank and Jo Byars in memory of their daughter. 
Awarded annually to outstanding students on the 
basis of academic ability, leadership, and service. 

Howard M. Davis, established in 1984. 

Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established in 
1983 by her family, to be awarded annually to 
Juniors and Seniors majoring in the fine arts. 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 

Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 1973, 
awarded annually to selected scholar athletes. 

Paul and Jane Edris Church and Campus, es- 
tablished in 1985 by the First Presbyterian Church 
of Daytona Beach, Florida, in honor of their pas- 
tor and his wife. Awarded to students of academic 

Thomas Girolamo, established in 1988 by Hilda 
Girolamo in memory of her husband, who was a 
member of the Eckerd College staff. Awarded on 
the basis of need to a Florida resident. 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982 by 
Mr. Griffin who was a founding trustee of the 
college. Awarded annually to students with fi- 
nancial need, academic ability and leadership 

Alfred S. and Winifred H. Hodgson, estab- 
lished in 1986, awarded annually to students with 
financial need. 

Home Federal/Barnett Bank, established in 
1983, awarded annually to a Junior or Senior 
majoring in management who demonstrates fi- 
nancial need. 

Robert A. James Memorial, established in 1983 
by his family, to be awarded annually to a Fresh- 
man with outstanding academic ability, leader- 
ship skills, and exceptional performance in ei- 
ther tennis, golf, or cross-country. 

Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding students based 
on need. 


Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 1987, 
awarded to students majoring in management or 
business with financial need. 

Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985, 
awarded annually to a student majoring in fine 

Oscar Kreutz Church and Campus, established 
in 1984, awarded to Presbyterian students with 
first preference to members of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church, St. Petersburg. 

Philip J. Lee, established in 1989, in honor of 
the college's first chairman of the board of trust- 

Colin Lindsay, established in 1977. 

Margaret Fahl Lofstrand Memorial, established 
in 1976 by her family to honor Margaret, who 
was a member of the founding class. Awarded 
annually to outstanding female students. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 1984 
by her husband. Annual award to student desig- 
nated by Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fra- 
ternity, for overseas study in Germany. 

Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, established 
in 1960, awarded on the basis of academic 
achievement, character, and financial need with 
preference given to students who are not Florida 

Margaret Curry May, established in 1964. 

Alfred A. McKethan, established in 1985, to 
provide ten annual scholarships to outstanding 
students, no more than three of whom are in 
the same academic class. Awards are determined 
by academic performance. Christian character, 
and evidence of leadership. 

William McLaughlin Memorial, established in 
1984 by Nash Stublen. Awarded annually to stu- 
dents with financial need to support their par- 
ticipation in international education or other off 
campus programs. 

George E and Asha W. McMillan, established 
in 1959, awarded annually to a preministerial 

Peter Meinke/Mentor Endowed Scholarship 
Fund, established in 1993 by L Howard and 
Rebecca Moss to honor Professor Peter Meinke 
who was the faculty Mentor to their daughter 
Susan. Awarded annually to students majoring 
in the humanities on the basis of merit. 

Mari Sabusawa Michener Scholarship, estab- 
lished in 1993, awarded on the basis of need to 
African American, Asian American, Hispanic 
American, or Native American students who are 
U.S. citizens. 

James A. Michener Scholarship, established in 
1 992, awarded to a Junior or Senior year student 
who shows unusual promise in creative writing. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established in 
1969, awarded annually to a music student se- 
lected by the music faculty. 

Cade Nabers Memorial, established in 1989, 
for a Junior literature major by Mr. and Mrs. 
John Nabers in memory of their son, a member 
ofthe Class of 1990. 

Mary Dillard Nettles Scholarship, established 
in 1991, awarded to Presbyterian students on 
the basis of need and merit. Preference is given 
to students majoring in music or art. 

Azalia P. Oberg, established in 1976. 

John O'Flaherty ASPEC Memorial, established 
in 1989, awarded annually to an outstanding Jun- 
ior or Senior majoring in economics. 

Karim Said Petrou Memorial, established in 
1989, awarded annually on the basis of financial 

The Walter S. and Janet S. Pharr Church and 
Campus, established in 1991, awarded to stu- 
dents with outstanding academic ability whose 
traits of character, leadership and service give 
promise of outstanding contributions to society, 
the church, and the religious and social life of 
the college. 

Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, established 
in 1978, awarded annually to outstanding stu- 
dents with demonstrated financial need from 
high schools in St. Petersburg, Florida. 

Daniel C. Powell Scholarship, established in 
1994 by a Presbyterian friend to support church 
and campus scholarships. 

William and Sandra Ripberger Endowed 
Scholarship, established in 1993, awarded an- 
nually based on financial need. 

R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded an- 
nually with preference given to a son or daugh- 
ter of an employee of the Ritter Finance Com- 
pany of Wyncote, Pennsylvania; or to a student 
from Pennsylvania. 

Kathleen Anne Rome, established in 1971, 
awarded annually to science students on the ba- 
sis of scholastic aptitude, financial need, and com- 
passion for humanity. 

Thelma and Maurice Rothman, established in 
1988, provides financial assistance to Jewish stu- 
dents with awards made on the basis of need 
and academic merit. 

Frank A. Saltsman, established in 1983. 

Robert T. and Fran V.R. Sheen, established in 
1989, provides financial assistance to students 
majoring in business or management. 

Eugene and Donna Sitton, established in 1985, 
provides annual scholarships for outstanding stu- 
dent athletes. 

Edna Sparling, established in 1976. 

Frances Shaw Stavros, established 1987, 
awarded annually on a competitive basis to out- 
standing students who are Florida residents with 
preference to children of employees who have had 
at least five years continuous employment with 
Better Business Forms, Better Business Systems, 
Inc., or Florida Progress Corporation. 

Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 

Samuel E. and Mary W. Thatcher Endowed 
Scholarship, established in 1993 by their son, 
John W. Thatcher of Miami. Awarded annually 
to church and campus scholars with preference 
to Presbyterian students with financial need. 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 by 
Mrs. Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a com- 
petitive basis to the 20 most outstanding Fresh- 

William W. Upham, established in 1985 by a 
founding trustee ofthe college. 

Voell Family Endowed Scholarship, established 
in 1993, awarded annually based on demon- 
strated financial need. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by Mr. 
and Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support candidates 
for the Presbyterian ministry. 

Kell and Mary Williams Church and Campus, 

established in 1985, awarded annually to an ac- 
tive and committed Christian student, with pref 
erence given to students preparing for full-time 
Christian service. 

Ross E. Wilson, established in 1974. 

John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 
1967, awarded annually with preference given 
to students from Gadsden County, Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, established 
in 1 983 by William and Noma Zemp in memory 
of their son. Awarded annually to Juniors major- 
ing in management. 



Established to perpetuate the memory of alumni 
and friends who believed in the importance of a 
liberal arts education to our society. 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman (1969) 
Paul and Grace Creswell (1962) 
Carl Peter Damm (1963) 
Robert B. Hamilton (1959) 
Hope Presbyterian Church (1962) 
Lowery Howell (1975) 

Al Lang and Katherine Fagen Lang (1959), 
partial scholarships awarded annually to students 
from the St. Petersburg area who show excep- 
tional promise and demonstrate financial need. 

William Bell Tippetts (1960) 
Ross E. Wilson (1974) 


These scholarships are awarded through the regu- 
lar scholarship and financial aid procedures at 
the college and do not require separate applica- 

Ebba Aim, provides annual scholarship support 
for male students from Florida who are studying 
medicine. Preference is given to Dunedin and 
North Pinellas County. 

W. Paul Bateman, first awarded in 1978, pro- 
vides annual scholarships for outstanding male 

Chase Manhattan Bank, provides financial aid 
to students majoring in business based on need 
and merit. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, first 
awarded in 1981, to outstanding graduates of 
Central Catholic High School in Clearwater, 
Florida, made possible through gifts of an anony- 
mous donor. 

Conn Memorial Foundation, first awarded in 
1973, based upon character, academic standing, 
and financial need. 

First Union National Bank Minority Schol- 
arship, provides financial assistance to minority 
students based on need and merit. 

Focardi Great Bay Distributors, established in 
1993, awared on the basis of need and merit to 
students involved in community volunteer activi- 

GTE, provides scholarships to minority students 
on the basis of financial need. 

Hoerner Family Scholarship, awarded annually 
to church and campus scholars with first prefer- 
ence to students from First Prebyterian Church 
of St. Petersburg. 

George W. Jenkins Scholarship, established in 
1988, awarded on the basis of demonstrated fi- 
nancial need. 

Keller Family Scholarship, first awarded in 
1993. Provides assistance to students from north- 
ern Pinellas County, Florida, majoring in ma- 
rine science, mathematics, or education. 

Linvatec, first awarded in 1993, based on merit 
to a student(s) planning to major in medicine or 
pursue a career in medical research. Preference 
is to be given to students from Florida. 

Marriott Management Service, awarded in 
memory of Colleen Barry, Kristin Riley, and 
Stacey Stamatiades, Freshmen at Eckerd College 
who lost their lives in a 1985 automobile acci- 

Merchants Association, established in 1988, 
awarded on the basis of need and merit to stu- 
dents involved in community volunteer activities. 

Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, provides annual 
scholarships for students with financial need. 

Raymond James and Associates, first awarded 
in 1986, provides annual scholarships for stu- 
dents majoring in business. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 1968, to out- 
standing students from Florida, with preference 
given to residents of Sarasota and Manatee Coun- 

George and Karla Sherburne, first awarded in 
1986, provides grants to needy students with 
preference given to residents of Sarasota County. 

Simmons Family Scholarship, established in 
1993 by G. Ballard and Deedie Simmons to pro- 
vide church and campus scholarships with first 
preference to students from Arlington Presbyte- 
rian Church in Jacksonville, Florida. 

Women of Rotary, first awarded in 1988, for 
female students. 


Joseph C. Beck, established in 1987, provides 
loans to students with financial need. 

Helen Harper Brown, established in 1988 pro- 
vides loans to students with financial need. 



Sidney N. Trockey, established in 1979, pro- 
vides a loan yearly to a Jewish student with fi- 
nancial need based on academic performance. 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to stu- 
dents on the basis of specific criteria or skills 
within the limits of demonstrated financial need. 
Two important sources of grant funds are the 
federal government and state governments. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds by 
the Office of Education. Awards are based on 
need and range from approximately $400 to 
$2,300 depending on federal funding. Applica- 
tion is made through the submission of the 
FAFSA. The student will receive the Student Aid 
Report at the student's home, and must submit 
all pages of the Student Aid Report to the Eck- 
erd College Financial Aid office. The student's 
account will then be credited for the amount of 
the student's eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional fi- 
nancial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAFSA. 



Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and de- 
pendents of veterans eligible for benefits under 
the various V.A. educational programs. Students 
who may be eligible for V.A. benefits are urged 
to contact their local V.A. Office as soon as ac- 
cepted by the college, and must file an applica- 
tion for benefits through the Office of the Regis- 
trar. No certification can be made until the ap- 
plication is on file. Since the first checks each 
year are often delayed, it is advisable for the vet- 
eran to be prepared to meet all expenses for about 
two months. There are special V.A. regulations 
regarding independent study, audit courses, stan- 
dards of progress, special student enrollment, 

dual enrollment in two schools, and summer 
enrollment. It is the student's responsibility 
to inquire to the V.A. office concerning spe- 
cial regulations and to report any change in 
status which affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
terminated if he/she remains on probation for 
more than two consecutive semesters/terms 
as mandated by The Department of Veterans 


The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) 
are awarded on the basis of demonstrated finan- 
cial need to one-year residents of Florida who 
attend college in the state. These grants average 
approximately $1,100 per year, depending on the 
demonstrated need of the applicant and the avail- 
ability of funds. For renewal the recipient must 
earn a 2.0 cumulative grade point average and 
complete 24 credit hours during the prior aca- 
demic year. Application is made through the sub- 
mission of the Free Application for Federal Stu- 
dent Aid by answering the State questions. 


The State Tuition Voucher program was estab- 
lished by the State of Florida for residents of the 
state who enroll in private colleges or universi- 
ties in Florida. The program provides approxi- 
mately $1 ,000"per year regardless of financial need 
to help defray the cost of tuition at Eckerd Col- 
lege. To qualify, a student must have resided in 
Florida for at least one year and must maintain a 
2.0 cumulative grade point average and complete 
24 credit hours during the prior academic year. 
An application upon enrollment must be sub- 
mitted to the Financial Aid office. 


For a complete listing of Florida scholarship, 
grant, and teacher education programs, includ- 
ing eligibility criteria and application procedures, 
please contact the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
Office. Applicants must be Florida residents. 


In order to be eligible to receive financial aid as 
Juniors and Seniors under programs funded by 
the State of Florida (Florida Student Assistance 
Grants, State Tuition Vouchers, etc.), students 
who are Florida residents must pass the College 
Level Academic Skills Test (CLAST) by the end 


of the Sophomore year. More detailed informa- 
tion about CLAST is available from the Educa- 
tional Assessment office. 


These grants are available to students who rank 
in the upper one-half of their graduating class 
and demonstrate financial need. Achievement in 
various curricular and co-curricular activities is 
considered. Special consideration is given to the 
sons and daughters of Presbyterian ministers or 
missionaries in recognition of the institution's 
Presbyterian heritage and relationships. Renewal 
of Eckerd College Grants requires a 2.0 cumula- 
tive grade point average. 


Many families whose current income and savings 
are not sufficient to finance college expenditures 
borrow funds through low interest educational 
loans to supplement their financing plans. 


(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans) 

Federal Stafford loans are available from local 
banks and lending agencies. Depending upon 
eligibility, Freshmen may borrow up to $2,625 
per year; Sophomores may borrow up to $3,500 
per year, and Juniors and Seniors may borrow 
up to $5,500 per year not to exceed $23,000 in 
their undergraduate work for educational ex- 
penses. Students must submit a Free Application 
for Federal Student Aid to establish eligibility. 
The interest rate is variable yearly not to exceed 
8.5 percent, and new borrowers have a six months 
grace period following termination of at least 
half-time school attendance before repayment 
must begin. During the time the student is in 
school and during the grace period, the federal 
government will pay the interest on behalf of the 
student to the lender. Withdrawal from college 
for one semester will cause the six months grace 
period to lapse and repayments to fall due. Re- 
payment following the termination of the grace 
period will be at least $50 per month. Defer- 
ment from payment is allowed for the return to 
school at least halftime enrollment for new bor- 
rowers, or for other specified conditions. Fami- 
lies interested in the program should contact the 
Financial Aid office or their local bank for a loan 
application and current information. The pro- 
cessing of Stafford Loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 



Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans may be avail- 
able to students who do not qualify for need-based 
Stafford Loans. Unsubsidized Federal Stafford 
Loans carry the same yearly loan limits for de- 
pendent students, interest rate, aggregate limit, 
and deferment provisions for new borrowers as 
do the Federal Stafford Loans (see above). Inde- 
pendent students may borrow a larger sum if 
otherwise eligible. However, with the 
Unsubsidized Federal Stafford, interest will ac- 
crue following the loan disbursements, and the 
student is responsible for the interest while the 
student is in school and during the grace period. 
During these periods, the interest may be capi- 
talized (added to the principal). The principal 
payments may be deferred (postponed) while the 
student is in school and during the grace period. 
Students might qualify for a partial Federal 
Stafford loan on the basis of demonstrated need 
and receive the remainder up to the yearly limit 
(see above) in a Unsubsidized Federal Stafford. 
Students interested in the program should con- 
tact the Financial Aid office. The processing of 
Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan applications 
requires twelve to sixteen weeks. 


The Federal Perkins Loan (formerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program) is administered 
by the college from federal and college funds. To 
qualify for a Federal Perkins Loan, the student 
must apply to the college and demonstrate finan- 
cial need. No interest will accrue until the begin- 
ning of the repayment period, nine months for 
new borrowers, following termination of at least 
half-time school attendance. Interest charges dur- 
ing the repayment period are only five percent 
per year on the unpaid balance. 


Under this program parents may borrow for 
educational purposes up to the cost of education 
without regard to need, but other assistance 
awarded the student will be taken into account. 
The college recommends that the parent(s) bor- 
row no more than is absolutely necessary. A sepa- 
rate application is required for certification by 
the Financial Aid office and submission to your 
lending institution. The interest rate is variable 
yearly but cannot exceed 9 percent and repayment 
begins within sixty days of disbursement of the 
proceeds of the loan. Additional information and 
applications are available in the Financial Aid 


Monthly payments may be arranged by the fam- 
ily through one of four different companies. Con- 
tact the Financial Aid offfce, Eckerd College for 
current information. 


Eckerd College has limited institutional loan 
funds available, usually for exceptional need situ- 
ations. For details, contact the Financial Aid of 


In many local communities, scholarships are pro- 
vided each year by various church, civic and busi- 
ness organizations to children of members, citi- 
zens, and employees. Students are encouraged to 
seek private scholarships. Information is avail- 
able at your local library and in the Eckerd Col- 
lege Career Services and Financial Aid offices. 


The Career Services office assists students in find- 
ing part-time employment on or off campus. Pref 
erence is given to students who demonstrate fi- 
nancial need. Campus employment opportuni- 
ties include work as a clerk or secretary, a food 
service employee, a custodian or maintenance 
worker, lifeguard, or a laboratory assistant. Infor- 
mation on offcampus jobs is available through 
the Career Services office. 


Students may qualify for this program on the 
basis of need by submitting a Free Application 
for Federal Student Aid, and may work on cam- 
pus seven to ten hours per week. Eligible stu- 
dents may have the opportunity to perform com- 
munity service through the work-study program. 
Students should contact the Career Services of- 
fice concerning available commimity service jobs. 


A student who is a Florida resident, enrolled at 
least half-time, and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are available 
off campus and must be career related. Wages 
and hours may vary; the State of Florida will re- 
imburse the student's public school employer for 
one hundred percent of the wages, or other em- 
ployers, seventy percent of the wages. The Ca- 
reer Services office will assist with placement and 
with the completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College may 
be renewable on an annual basis. All Eckerd col- 
lege grants and most aid from other sources re- 
quire a minimum cumulative grade point aver- 
age of 2.0 for renewal. A need analysis must be 
completed each year prior to March I for the 
following academic year. All students who are 
eligible to return for a subsequent year (except 
international students requiring 1-20 forms) are 
eligible for consideration for need-based finan- 
cial aid. Awards from all sources may vary from 
year to year based upon criteria established by 
the college and other private or public agencies. 


Appeals for financial aid awards or any financial 
aid question, may be made in writing. To facili- 
tate the appeal process, the student may obtain 
and return an appeal form from the Financial 
Aid office. Appeals are reviewed by the Finan- 
cial Aid Appeals Committee. 


Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of do- 
nors, the balance of costs is paid from endow- 
ment income and gifts from individuals, the Pres- 
byterian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal ex- 
penses and regulations concerning the payment 
of fees for the academic year 1994-95. All fees 
and expenses listed below are those in effect at 
the time of publication of the catalog. They are 
subject to change by the action of the Board of 
Trustees. When such changes are made, notice 
will be given as far in advance as possible. 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 
1994-95 academic year include two semesters and 
one short term (autumn term for Freshmen, win- 
ter term for upperclass students). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $15,360' $15,360 

Room and Board 4,080^ 

Total $19,440 $15,360 


'The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations plus one short term 
during the academic year provided that no more 
than five courses are taken per semester. Students 
registering for more than five courses per semes- 
ter or ten courses per year plus a short term will 
be charged an additional tuition of $1,654 per 
course. A student registering for a year-long course 
may register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

^Students with home addresses outside the im- 
mediate vicinity of the college are requested to 
live on campus. Exceptions to the requirement 
may be made with the approval of the Director 
of Housing. Since resident students are required 
to participate in the board plan, all resident stu- 
dents will be charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately 
$160 per academic year is collected in addition 
to the above charges. Cost of books and supplies 
will be approximately $500 per semester. 


Tuition (full-time per semester: $6,853 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: 1 ,654 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: 1 60 



Fall and 
short term 


Double occupancy, each $1,045 $820 

Double room 

single occupancy 2,090 1,640 

Single room 1,460 1,135 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in 
excess of the deposit, the balance will be charged 
to the student's account. Any balance left of the 
deposit will be refunded to the student upon leav- 
ing college. 

Fall and 


Short Term 


21 meal plan 



15 meal plan 



10 meal plan 




Tuition per course: $ 1 ,654 

Students are considered part-time when they en- 
roll for fewer than three courses per semester. 


Tuition per course: $1,654 

Fee for students enrolling in more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year plus 
a short term. 


Tuition per course: $405 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 



Base room rate ($1,045 and $820) has been in- 
cluded in Comprehensive Charges. Charges above 
the base rate for single occupancy of double room 
or for single room will be added to Comprehen- 
sive Charges. 

A fee assessed all students participating in a 
scientific laboratory. 


Late payment after registration day: 

A financial charge will be assessed on all out- 
standing balances after registration date. The 

rate will be variable quarterly to 4.5% above the 
1 3-week Treasury Bill rate. 

Late physical examination (for new students who 
have not had physical examination by registration 
day): $50. 



A fee assessed to all students not participating 
in the Registration/Financial Clearance held in 
the library for fall and spring terms. 


Acceptance Fee (new students): $100. 

A fee required of new students upon acceptance 
by Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and 
will be applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Application Fee (new students): $25. 

This fee accompanies the application for admis- 
sion submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $830. 

A fee for an examination to determine proficiency 
in a particular subject to receive course credit. 

Health and Accident Insurance 

All students must have health and accident in- 
surance coverage in order to be enrolled in the 
college. They must either show proof of insur- 
ance or sign up for the student insurance plan 
available to them through the college for a fee. 
All coverage must be with an insurance company 
based within the United States. 

Lost Key Fee: $40. 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 

Orientation Fee: (Freshmen only): $100. 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for Fresh- 

Re-Examination Fee: $200. 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2. 

There is a $2 charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $40. 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons are 
not taken for credit, and are fees in addition to 
regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $520 $1 ,040 

One half hour per week $260 $520 


All students must provide proof of health/ acci- 
dent insurance coverage that is written by an 
insurance company that is based in the United 
States. This proof must be provided by registra- 
tion day. If proof of coverage is not provided you 
will be required to purchase the school insur- 
ance which will be charged to your student ac' 
count automatically after registration. 


Students should come prepared to pay all charges 
on the day of registration or should have pay- 
ments from home mailed to reach the Eckerd 
College business office at least two weeks prior 
to the date of registration. No student shall be 
permitted to register for a given semester until 
all indebtedness for prior terms has been paid in 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college are 
subject to dismissal from the college and, as long 
as such payments remain unpaid, may not re- 
ceive transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a deferred payment 
plan. Students desiring monthly payment plans 
must make arrangements through the following 

American Management Services, Inc. 
50 Vision Boulevard 
East Providence, RI 02914 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and the tuition financing 


The college has limited funds for emergency 
short-term loans up to $50. These loans must be 
paid within a maximum thirty day period. Students 
should apply to the Business office for such loans. 


If a student does not enroll for the winter or 
autumn short term, the Federal Pell Grant and 
the Eckerd College grant and scholarship awards 
will be reduced by 1 2 percent of the yearly award. 
Also, as the cost of education will be reduced, it 
may be necessary to reduce other need-based as- 
sistance. These policies will stand even though 
the student may make up the winter or autumn 
term credit in another term or semester. 




Any student withdrawing before the end of the 
school year must follow these procedures: 

1. Complete a withdrawal form in the Student 
Affairs office and have an interview with the 
Dean of Students. 

2. Have the withdrawal form signed by the 
Director of Housing. 

3. Go to the Student Accounts office to deter- 
mine the status of the account (see pertinent 
information in sections below). 

4. Go to the Student Loan office to ascertain 
the status of the loan accounts and partic- 
ipate in an exit interview, if applicable. 

5. Students who have been awarded the Federal 
Stafford or Federal SLS Loan must go to the 
Financial Aid office for an exit interview for 
those loans. 

6. Submit the withdrawal form to the Registrar's 

Special Guidelines for New Students at Eck- 
erd Withdrawing Who Have Federal, State or 
Eckerd College Financial Aid 

It is important to note that a new student who with- 
draws during a semester will typically owe a balance 
to the college because of the loss of aid and because 
only a certain percentage of the charges are cancelled. 

If a new student at Eckerd with financial aid with- 
draws during the semester, the guidelines listed 
below will apply: 


• Florida aid will be granted only if the with- 
drawal occurs after the first 25 days of the se- 

• Whether federal aid is granted is dependent 
on a specific formula which is applied to new 
students at Eckerd through 60 percent of the 
billing period. The charges and credits for 
tuition, fees, room, and board will be gener- 
ally proportioned through 60 percent of the 
billing period. Then the federal formula is 
applied to determine whether federal funds 

must be returned from the student's account 
to the federal aid accounts in the following 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal PLUS Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 
Other federal programs 

Special Guidelines for Continuing Students 
Withdrawing Who Have Federal, State, or 
Eckerd College Financial Aid 

It is important to note that a continuing student who 
withdraws during a semester will typically owe a bal- 
ance to the college because of the loss of aid and 
because only a certain percentage of charges are can- 
celled during the first 25 days of the semester. 

If a continuing student with financial aid with- 
draws during the semester, the guidelines below 
will apply. 


• Florida aid will be granted only if the with- 
drawal occurs after the first 25 days of the se- 

• Whether or not federal aid is granted is depen- 
dent on a specific federal formula which is 
applied, for continuing students, through the 
first 25 days of the semester. Federal funds 
which must be returned from the student's 
account to federal aid accounts will be re- 
turned in this order: 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal PLUS Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 
Other Federal programs 

Charges and Credits for All Students With- 
drawing Except New Students With Federal 
Financial Aid 

Students withdrawing from Eckerd College, ex- 
cept new students at Eckerd with federal finan- 
cial aid, will receive financial credit for tuition 
for the semester as follows: 


Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days No Credit 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days 
of the first class day of any short term (autumn 
term or winter term), except new students at Eck- 
erd with federal financial aid, will receive tuition 
refunds for that term as follows: 

Within 7 calendar days 50% 

Within 15 calendar days 25% 

After 15 days No Refund 

Room charges for resident students will not be 
cancelled for the semester of withdrawal. 

Any portion of a meal ticket will he credited on a pro 
rata basis (whole weeks only). 

Policies for Students With Federal Assistance 
Who Received a Cash Disbursement Before 

If a student withdraws from school with federal 
assistance and has received a cash disbursement 
before withdrawing, special rules apply. Eckerd 
College will determine whether the cash disburse- 
ment made to the student for non-institutional 
living expenses amounts to an overpayment of 
Federal Title IV funds. 

Through the first 25 days of the semester, the 
school will determine if the cash disbursement 
was proportionately greater than the student's 
non-institutional living expenses up to the with- 
drawal date. If so, the student must repay the 
excess amount to the appropriate federal 

In determining whether an excess amount has 
been provided for non-institutional living ex- 
penses, the school will use a specified federal 
formula to prorate those expenses. Federal aid 
awarded the student which the student may have 
to repay to the federal accounts are the follow- 

1. Federal Perkins Loan 

2. Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 

3. Federal Pell Grant 

A book and supply allowance is permitted to the 
student and will be excluded from the federal 
formula. Also, extenuating circumstances may be 
taken into account. 

However, after the first 25 days of the semester, 
no further proration will be applied and all cash 
disbursed will be considered fully needed for the 
student's non-institutional expenses. 

Withholding of Transcripts for Students Who 
Default on Loans or Owe a Student Account 

Students who default on any Federal Title IV 
Loan or an Eckerd College institutional loan will 
have their academic transcript at Eckerd college 
withheld. The Registrar may not release the aca- 
demic transcript until the college receives notifi- 
cation from the applicable guarantee agency, the 
Department of Education, or other holder of the 
defaulted loan, that the default status has been 

Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy are 
as follows: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Supplemental Loan for 

Students (SLS) (prior borrowers) 
Federal PLUS Loan 

Institutional loans affected by this policy are as 





Ben Hill Griffin 


Helen Harper Brown 

Beck Donor 


Students in default status on any Federal Title 
IV Loan who request a financial aid transcript 
will have the default status reported on the fi- 
nancial transcript Students in default on any Fed- 
eral Title IV Loan may receive no additional fed- 
eral assistance at any school until the default sta- 
tus is resolved. 

To resolve the default status, the borrower hold- 
ing a Federal Perkins Loan or institutional loan 
should contact the Eckerd College Student Loan 
office. The borrower holding a defaulted Stafford, 
SLS or PLUS Loan should contact the lender and 
guarantee agency. Provisions may be obtained for 
satisfactory arrangements for repayment to resolve 
the default status. 

The Registrar's office will also withdraw the aca- 
demic transcript for the students who withdrew 
or graduated from Eckerd College owing a bal- 
ance on their student account. To resolve the debt, 
the student should contact the Student Accounts 


Professor Ken Keeton (German language and literature) and Professor Martha Nichols (French) 

Head Baseball Coach Bill Mathews and Athletic Director/Head Basketball Coach Jim Harley 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

Diana L. Fuguitt 

Chair, Behavioral Science Colk^um 

Associate Professor ofEcor\omics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Professor of Political SciexKe 

B.A., University of California, Davis 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 
Salvatore Capobianco 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Mark H. Davis 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B. A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
Michael G. Flaherty 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 

Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Edward T. Grasso 

Associate Professor of Decision Sciences 

B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 

Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and 
State University 
Jennifer Anne Hall 

Assistant Professor of Psychobgy 

B.S., Trinity College 

M.A., University of Connecticut 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
James R. Harley 

Professor of Physical Education 

Director of Athletics 

B.S., Georgia Teachers College 

M.A., George Peabody College 
John Patrick Henry 

Associate Professor of Sociology 

B.S., University of South Carolina 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Jeffery A. Howard 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Linda L. Lucas 

Associate Professor of Economics 

B.A., University of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Mary K. Meyer 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Tom Oberhofer 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., Fordham University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 

David H. Satterwhite 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Friends World College 

M.A., University of Washington 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A., Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., PhD., Tulane University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Kenneth E. Keeton 

Chair, Comfjarative Cultures Collegium 

Professor of German Language and 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.A., University of Kentucky 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Victoria J. Baker 

Associate Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., Sweet Briar College 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of Leiden, 
Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor of Marketing and 
International Business 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.B.A., Columbia University 
Thomas J. DiSalvo 

Associate Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Hillsdale College 

M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Douglas P. Fry 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 

B.A., University of California 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 
John M. Guarino 

Assistant Professor of Management and 
International Business 

B.A., State College of Bridgewater, 

M.A., Dartmouth College 

M.B.A., University of Connecticutt 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
Lee B. Hilliker 

Assistant Professor of French 

B.A., University of Florida 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., Duke University 
Sheila M. Johnston 

Assistant Professor 0/ International Studies 

B.A., Northern Counties Teacher's 
College, United Kingdom 

M.A., Pennsylvania State University 
Margarita M. Lezcano 

Associate Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Florida International University 

M.A., University of Florida 

Ph.D., Florida State University 

Naveen K. Malhotra 

Assistant Professor 0/ Management and 

M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Martha B. Nichols 

Assistant Professor of French 

B.A., Centre College 

M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 

B.A., Brandeis University 

M.A.T, Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 

Professor of History and Russian Studies 

B.A., Grinnell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
William Pyle 

Harold D. Holder Professor of Management 
and International Business 

B.B.A., University of Notre Dame 

M.A., Butler University 

Ph.D., The University of Michigan 
Hendrick Serrie 

Professor of Anthropology and InterriationaJ 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Claire A. Stiles 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 

Associate Professor of Human Devebpment 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State University 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Thomas E. Bunch 

Associate Professor of Theatre 

B.A., Northeastern State University 

M.A., University of Virginia 

Ph.D. University of Florida 
Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative Literature and 

B.A., University of Chicago 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Professor of Humanities 

B.A., Susquehanna University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Sarah K. Dean 

Professor of Human Development 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

M.A., George Peabody College 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Associate Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School of Music 
Sandra A. Harris 

Assistant Professor of Human Development 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Virginia 
Coinmonwealth University 


Nancy G. Janus 

Associate Professor of Human Development 

B.A., Wells College 

M.Ed., University of Hartford 

Ed. D., University of Massachusetts 
Molly K. Ransbury 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of New York 

Ed.D., Indiana University 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Keith Sadko 

Assistant Professor of Music 

B. Mus., L. Mus., M. Mus., McGiU 

M.A., Harvard University 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Marion Smith 

Associate Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis 
Cynthia Totten 

Assistar\t Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.EA., Southern Illinois University 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
Kirk Ke Wang 

Assistar\t Professor of Visual Arts 

B.EA., M.EA., Nanjing Normal 
University, China 

M.EA., University of South Elorida 
D. Scott Ward 

Assistant Professor of Creative Writing aiid 

B.S., Auburn University 

M.A., University of South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Professor of Literature and Creative Writing 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of Florida 

Faculty of the Collegium of 

Robert C. Wigton 

Chair, Letters Collegium 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A. State University of New York, 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University of 

New York, Buffalo 
Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 

Timothy K. Beal 

Assistant Professor of Relipous Studies 
B.A., Seattle Pacific University 
M. Div., Columbia Theological Seminary 
Jewel Spears Brooker 
Professor of Uterature 
B.S., Stetson University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Florida 
David J. Bryant 

Associate Professor of Religious Studies 
B.A., Harding College 
M.A., Abilene Christian College 
M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton Theological 
Julienne H. Empric 
Professor of Lterature 
B.A. Nazareth College of Rochester 
M.A., York University 
Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Associate Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., Sonoma State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
B.A., M.A., Louisiana State University 
Ph.D., Emory University 
Patricia M. Handy 

Assistant Professor of Literature 
B.A., University of Exeter, Great Britain 
M.A., Ph.D., Bowling Green State 
M. Suzan Harrison 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Florida State University 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 
B.A., Samford University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of California 
William B. Kelly 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 
B.S., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of Florida 
Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Associate Professor of History 
B.A., Louisiana State University 
M.A., Ph.D., Stanford University 
George P. E. Mcese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Professor of Rhetoric 
B.A., Wittenberg University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Gregory B. Padgett 

Assistant Professor of History 
B.A., Stetson University 
M.A., Ph.D., Florida State University 
Peter A. Pav 

Pro/es5or of Philosophy 

B.A., Knox College 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 
Professor of Computer Science 
B.Sc, University of Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of Southwestern 
W. Guy Bradley 

Assistant Professor of Molecular Physiology 
B.A., Eckerd College 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 
College of Medicine 
Gregg R. Brooks 

Assistant Professor of Marine Science 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Harry W. Ellis 
Professor of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
John C. Ferguson 
Pro/essor of Biology 
B.A., Duke University 
M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 
Mark B. Fishman 

Associate Professor of Computer Science 
B.A., Temple University 
M.A., University of Texas 
John. A. Goodwin 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Transylvania University 
Ph.D., Rice University 
David D. Grove 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., California State University, San 

Ph.D., University of California, 
Los Angeles 
Sheila D. Hanes 
Professor of Biology 
B.A., Baylor University 
M.S., University of Illinois 
Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 
Professor of Chanistry 
B.A., Pfeiffer College 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc, Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
M.Sc, Ph.D. University of Victoria, 
David Kerr 

Assistant Professor 0/ Mathematics 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Laurie Kovalenko 

Assistant Professor of Physics 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado 
Billy H. Maddox 

Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., Troy State College 
M.Ed., University of Florida 
Ph.D., University of South Carolina 


Peter A. Meylan 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Florida 
John E. Reynolds, III 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., Blackburn College 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Alan L. Soli 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Susan M. Stanczyk 

Assistant Professor of Biochemistry 

B.S., Trinity College 

M.S., St. Joseph College 

Ph.D., Wesleyan University 
John H. Stewman 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 

B.A., Duke University 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of South 
William A. Szelistowski 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of Southern California 
Joel B. Thompson 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geochemistry 

B.S., M.S., California State University 

B.S., Ph.D., Syracuse University 
Walter 0. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium 

Tom Oberhofer 

Foundations Collegium Chair 
Be/iavioral Science Collegium 
George R E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters CoUe^um 

Library Faculty 

Larry Hardesty 

Director, Library Services 


B.A., M.S., Kearney State College 

M.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.S., Ph.D., Indiana University 
D. Russell Bailey 

Instructional Services Librarian 

Assistant Professor 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Kentucky 

M.Ed., Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Technical Services Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., The State University of New York, 

M.L.S., Kent State University 

David W. Henderson 

Instnictiorml Services and Collection 

Development L'lTrarian 

B.A., University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Florida State University 

Intercollegiate Athletics 

James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 
Professor of Physical Education 
William J. Mathews 
Head Baseball Coach 
Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
M Ed., University of South Florida 


Clark L. Allen 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 

Ph.D., Duke University 
Wilbur E Block ■ 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social Research 
Richard R. Bredenberg 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

Ph.D., New York University 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

Ph.D., Georgetown University 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities and 

Ph.D., Yale University 
James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus of Visual Arts 

M. E A., Michigan State University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus o/Ant/iropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University Teachers 
Trying G. Foster 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Language and 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
E. Ashby Johnson 

Professor Enieritus of Phibsophy and Religion 

Th.D., Union Theological Seminary, 
Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor Emeritus 0/ Asian Studies and 

Ph.D., Harvard University 

George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., Brown University 
William F. McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor Emeritus of Literature 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor Emeritus 0/ Chemistry 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
Felix Rackow 

Professor Emeritus of Political Science 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
George K. Reid 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of Christian 
Robert B. Tebbs 

Professor Emeritus of Industrial and 
Organizational Behavior 

Ph.D., University of Wyoming 
Pedro N. Trakas 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

Litt.D., Wofford College 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 

B.A., University of Kentucky 
J. Thomas West 

Professor Emeritus of Psychology and 
Human Development 

Ph.D., Vanderbuilt University 
William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 



Awarded each year at Commencement 

1980 - William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 
1981- Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 
1982-J. Thomas West 

Professor of Psychology and 

Human Development Services 

1983 - A. Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 
Literature and Humanities 

1984 - Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Professor of Economics 

1985 - Molly K.Ransbury 

Professor of Education 

1986 - John E. Reynolds, III 

Associate Professor of Biology 


' James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 
• Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 
' Kathryn J. Watson 
Professor of Education 
1990 - J. Peter Metnke 

Professor of Literature 
1991- Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 
Diana Fuguitt 

Associate Professor of Economics 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 
' Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Associate Professor of History 






Professor Arthur Skinner, 1 993 Robert A. Staub Outstanding Teacher Award recipient, 
discusses photography with some of his students. 




Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
David B. Cozad 

Director of Church Relariom 

B.A., Eclcerd College 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary, 

M.S.P., Florida State University 
Joan B. Fry 

Executive Assistant to the President 

B.A., M.A., University of California 


Walter F. Conner 


B.S., Florida State University 

M. Div., Fuller Theological Seminary 


William Pyle 


Harold D. Holder Professor 0/ Management 


Edward 1. Stevens 


Professor of Information Systems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M. Div., Harvard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Sharon M. Stacy 

Coordiruitor of Educational Assessment 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.B.A., University of South Florida 


Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President aiid Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Phibsophy and Religion 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Tom Oberhofer 

Associate Dean of Faculty for General 

Professor of Economics 
Sheila M. Johnston 

Director, /niematioiial Education arui 
Off-Campus Programs 

Assistant Professor of Jntemat/oiial Studies 
K. Russell Kennedy 


B.S., Northeastern University 

M.Ed., Suffolk University 

Sharon Setterlind 

Director of t/ie Computer Center 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.S., National-Louis University 
Larry E. Wood 

Director of Media Services 

B.S., M.S., Kansas State University 


James E. Deegan 

Dean of Special Programs 

B.S., State University of New York, 

M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 
James J. Annarelli 

Assistant Director, Program for Experienced 

B.A., M.A., St. John's University 

M. Phil., Ph.D., Drew University 
Joan M. Byrne 

Director, Continuing Education Center 

B.A., Fontbonne College 

M.A., University of St. Thomas 
Jacqueline Barton 

Director of Marketing, Management 
Development Institute 

B.S., Wright State University 

M.B.A., University of Notre Dame 
Margaret Cooley 

Director, Program Development 

B.A., Rhodes College 

M.A., University of Chicago 
Dana E. Cozad 

Director, Program for Experienced Learners 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S.W., Florida State University 
Cheryl Chase Gold 

Director, Conferences and Summer School 

B.A., City College of New York 
Linda Blalock Johnston 

Director of Marketing, Program for 
Experienced Learners 

B.A., Pennsylvania State University 

M.A., Emerson College 


Joan B. Fry 

Vice President for Public Relations 
Patricia L Baldwin 

Director of Media Relations 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Assistant to Vice President for Public 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Dennis Sercombe 

Director of Publications 

B.S., M.A., University of Florida 

Ed.S., University of Virginia 


S. Steven Barefield 


B.A., Eckerd College 


Richard T. Haskins 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Point Park College 

M.A., George Washington University 
Samuel A. Banks 

Director of Foundation Relations 

B.A., Duke University 

M.Div., Emory University 

Ph.D., University of Chicago 

D.Litt., College of Charleston 
Cathy Duvall 

Director of Research 
K. Murray Fournie 

Director of Annual Giving 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Gordon Leffingwell 

Director of Planned Giving 

B.S., Western Michigan University 
Catherine McGarry 

Director of Community and 
Corporate Relations 

B.S., M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Bruce L. Robertson 

Vice President 

B.A., University of Florida 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary 
K. Susan Stevens 

Director of Records and Development 
Computer Support Services 

B.A., Eckerd College 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 
University, England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Kathy Sue Duntnire Ralph 

Associate Dean of Admissions and 

Coordinator of New Student Financial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Michele R. Webb 

Associate Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M. Kemp Talbott 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Andrew J. Joseph 

Admissions Counselor 

B.S.,Eckerd College 


Jennie O'Flanagan 

Adt7ii«iom Cownsebr 
B.A., Eclcerd College 

Margaret W. Morris 


B.S., University of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Robin Famiglietti 

Assistant Direcwr 

B.A., Wesleyan University 

M.A., University of South Florida 
M. }oan Kaplan 

Assistant Director 

B.A., Eckerd College 


James A. Christison 

Vice President for Finance 

B.A., University of Cotmecticut 
Alan W. Bunch 


B.A., University of South Florida 
Joanne DiBlasio 

Director of Personnel 
J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Physical Plant and Services 


Roger W. Sorochty 

Vice President for Student A^airs 

Dean 0/ Students 

Ph.D., University of Ottawa 
Lillie M. Collins 

Director ofMidticukurd Affairs 

B.A., University of South Florida 
William C. Covert 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara J. Ely, R.N. 

Director 0/ Nursing Services 
James R. Harley 

Director, Athletics 

Prof. Physical Education 

M.S., Peabody College 
Stephen D. McConnell 

Associate Dean, ResidcTitial Life 

M.Ed., University of South Carolina 
Christopher J. Roby 

Director, Campus Activities 

M.S., National-Louis University 
Una Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director, Career Services 

M.A., University of South Florida 
Sharon Younkin 

Director 0/ Counseling Center 

PhD., The Ohio State University 


Arthur L. Peterson 


Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Yale University 

M.S.P.A., University of Southern 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 


Miles C. Collier 

Grover C. Wrenn 

Vice Chairman 
Peter H. Armacost 

Deedie Simmons 

James A. Christison 

Joan B. Fry 

Assistant Seaeiary 


Mr. Payton F. Adams 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President, Eclcerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. A. Glenn Bass 

Faidi Presbyterian Church 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mr. Carroll Cheek 

CWC Companies, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 

Collier Enterjmses 

Naples, Florida 
Dr. Gay Culverhouse 

President, Tampa Bay Bmcaneers 

Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Susan Dobbs 

Lakeside Presbyterian Church 

West Palm Beach, Florida 
Mr. Daniel M. Doyle 

Danka Industries 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Russell Edgerton 

American Association for Higher Education 

Washington, D C. 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Rhode Island College 

Providence, Rhode Island 
The Hon. David J. Fischer 

Mayor, City of St. Petersburg 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Jeffrey L. Fortune 

Resort Inns of America, Inc. 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 

Mr. John Wm. Galbraith 

Golbroith Properties, Inc. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Gould'Linne 
Color Corporation of America 
Tampa, Florida 
Mrs. Royce Haiman 

St. Petenburg, Florida 
Mrs. Joanne Hinch 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mrs. Anne Hoemer 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. W. Langston Holland 

St. Petersburg, Florifii 
Mr. Fred C. Jackson 
Fred Jackson and Associates 
Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. James Malone 

Anchor Glass Container Corporation 
Tampa, Ffarida 
Mrs. Mari Sabusawa Michener 

St. Petersburg, Fkjrida 
Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 
O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Inc. 
North Haven, Connecticut 
Mr. Helmar Nielsen 
Carolina Profile 
Galax, Virginia 
Mr. John H. O'Heam 
St. Petenburg Times 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Eugene Oliver 
SouthTrust Bank 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. E. Leslie Peter 
Leslie Peter and Company 
Brandon, Florida 
Dr. Jane Arbuckle Petro 

Westchester County Medical Center 
ValhoUa, New York 
The Rev. Dr. Bruce Porter 
Church 0/ the Palms 
Sarasota, Florida 
Dr. Roger J. Porter 
Wyeth-Ayerst Research 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 
Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Steven Raymund 
Tech Data Corporation 
Clearwwter, Florida 
Mr. Lance C. Ringhaver 
Ringhaver Equipment Company 
Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William Ripberger 
Metropolitan Life 
New York, New York 
Mr. P.N. Risser, III 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Maurice Rothman 
Kane Furniture Company 
Pinellas Park, Florida 


Mr. Dennis Ruppel 

M T. D. Technologies, Inc. 
Pinellas Park, Florida 
The Rev. Carl L. Schlich 
Peace River Presbytery 
North Port, Florida 
The Hon. Mel Sembler 
The Sembler Company 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville, Fbrida 
Mr. Harry Singletary 

Florida Department 0/ Corrections 
Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. Jean Johannessen Smoot 
North Carolina State University 
Rdeigh, North Carolina 
Mr. Les R. Smout 
Jack Eckerd, Inc. 
Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. Barbara J. Staros 
Florida Education Center 
Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. Joseph E. Thompson 
Atlantic University Center 
Atlanta, Geor^ 
Mr. Stewart Turley 
Jack Eckerd Inc. 
Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. Ann Van Den Berg 
Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida 
Mrs. John P. Wallace 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 
The Whitcomb Associates 
Sun City, Fbrida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 
Wittner Companies 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn 

Applied BioscietKe Intematioruil, Inc. 
Arlington, Virginia 


The Rev. Dr. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longuiood, Fbrida 
The Rev. Dr. Clem E. Bininger 

Fort Lauderdale, Fbrida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 
Greenw'Ue, South Carolina 
The Rev. Thomas J. Gumming 

Fort Lauderdale, Fbrida 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Paul M. Edris 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 
St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

Charbtte, North Carolina 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Naples, Fbrida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

Tampa, Fbrida 
Mr. William R. Hough 
St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Althea Jenkins 

Chicago, Illinois 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

Brooksi'ille, Fbrida 
Mr. William E O'Neill 

Osf>re>, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz 
Gainesi'ille, Florida 
Mrs. Wyline Chapman Sayler 

St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 
St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Fbrida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 
Leesburg, Virginia 
Mr. W.H. Zemp 
Crystal River, Fbrida 


Dr. Michael M. Bennett 

St. Petersburg, Fbrida 
Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach, Fbrida 
Mr. Frank Byars 

Redington Beach, Fbrida 
Mr. J. Webster Hull 

North Miami Beach, Florida 
Mr. Roland S. Kennedy 

St. Petersburg, Florida 

It IS the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, creed, race or color or 
national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment policies as required by federal and state 
legislation. Inquiries regarding compliance with discrimination laws may be directed to Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College 
4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1 81 3/8671166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer ' 







^ ♦ ^ 

t Ji. '-• 

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1NL)EX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5 

Academic Credit 21 

Academic Exemption Petitions 16 

Academic Minor 27 

Academic Policies 16 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 23 

Academy of Senior Professionals 16 

Accreditation 1 

Administration 1 38 

Admission 115 

Early Admission 116 

Equivalency Certificates 116 

Freshman 115 

International Students 117 

Procedures after Acceptance 116 

Transfer Students 115 

Adult Education 14 

Advanced Placement 117 

Aesthetic Pers()ective Courses 27 

Afro-American Society 112 

American Studies 29 

Anthro()ology 30 

Area of Concentration/Major 20 

Art 32 

Athletics 114 

Auditing Classes 24 

Autumn Term 5, 109 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biology 35 

Board of Trustees 139 

Calendar, Academic 5 

Calendar of Events, 1994-95 144 

Calendar of Events, 1995-96 145 

Campus Life 110 

Career Services Program 13 

CLAST 125 

Chemistry 38 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Transcript 9 

College Entrance Examinations 115 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 117 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Literature 40 

Com()osition 40 

Comprehensive Examinations 17 

Computation Competency Requirement 16 

Comf>uter Science 41 

Costs 127 

Counseling Services 113 

Course and Major Descriptions 27 

Course Requirements 21 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 27 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creative Writing 43 

Credit, Academic 21 

Cross-Cultunil Perspective Courses 45 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment Ill 

Dance 104 

Day Students 114 

Dean's List 24 

Deferred Admissions 116 

Degree Requirements, B.A 16 

Degree Requirements, B.S 17 

Demonstrated Proficiency 21 

Directed Study 21 

Directed Study Courses 45 

Dismissal, Academic 23 

Early Admissions 116 

East Asian Area Studies 46 

Economics 47 

Employment on Campus 127 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 11 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities Ill 

Environmental Perspective Courses 49 

Environmental Studies 50 

Examination, Comprehensive 17 

Expenses 127 

Experienced Learners, Program for 14 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 23 

Faculty and Administration 134 

Fees 127 

Financial Aid 118 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 119 

Employment 127 

Grants 1 25 

Loans 1 26 

Renewals 1 27 

Scholarships 1 20 

Veterans' Benefits 125 

Withdrawal Refund 131 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement 1 7 

Foundations Collegium 7 

French 79 

Gender and Women's Studies 106 

General Education 6 

Geography 52 

German 80 

Global Affairs and International Relations 62 

Grade Reports 22 

Grading System 22 

Graduation/Retention Rates 17 

Graduation Requirements 16 

Grants 125 

Greefc 95 

Health Form 114 

Health Services 113 

History 52 

Honors at Graduation 24 

Honors Program 18 

Honor Societies 19 

Humanities 58 

Human Development 56 

Human Resource Institute 10 

Incomplete Grades 22 

Independent Study 21 

International Business 59 


INL/E-X (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

International Education 12 

International Education Courses 61 

International Students 1 3 

International Student Admission 117 

International Relations and Global Affairs 62 

International Studies 64 

Insurance 1 29 

Interview, Admission 1 16 

Italian 80 

Japanese 80 

Judaeo - CKristion Perspective Course 64 

Latin 40 

Letters, GjUegium of 8 

Library 9 

Linguistics 64 

Dterature 65 

Loans 1 26 

London Offerings 61 

Major/Area of Concentration Requirements 20 

Major and Course Descriptions 27 

Management 69 

Marine Science 73 

Mathenoatics 75 

Medical Technology 78 

Mentors 5 

Minor, Academic 27 

Minority Students 114 

Mission Statement 1 

Modern Languages 78 

Music 82 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Organizations and Clubs 112 

Payment Methods 129 

Personnel ami Human Resource Management 84 

Perspective Courses 1 7 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 16 

Philosophy 85 

Philosophy/Religion 87 

Physical Education 88 

Physics 88 

Policies, Academic 16 

Politicol Science 90 

Pre-Pro/essional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 23 

Program for Experienced Learners 14 

Psychology 92 

Readmission of Students 118 

Refunds 1 31 

Registration 24 

Religious Life 112 

Religion/Philosophy 87 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 94 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 16 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 17 

Computation Competency 16 

Foreign Language Competency 17 

Major/Area of Concentration 17 

Perspective Courses 17 

Residency 1 6 

Requirements for Degree (cont.) 

Senior Seminars 17 

Transfer Students 17 

Western Heritage 17 

Winter Term 16 

Writing Competency 1 6 

Residency Requirement 16 

Resident Adviser Internship 97 

Room and Board 127 

ROTC 12 

Russian Studies 97 

Sl Petersburg, the City HI 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 23 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Fmancial Aid 119 

Scholarships 1 20 

Sea Semester 98 

Semester Abroad 12 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 17 

Senior Seminars 99 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 100 

Sociology 101 

Spanish 81 

Special Academic Programs 10 

Statistics 103 

Student Activities Ill 

Student Government Ill 

Student Ufe 110 

Student Publications 112 

Student Record Policy 25 

Summer Term 14 

Theatre 103 

Theses, Senior 17 

Transfer Admission 115 

Transfer of Credit 116 

Transfer Student Requirements 17,115 

Tuition and Fees 128 

Veterans' Benefits 125 

Veterans' Benefits, Winter Term 6 

Visual Arts 32 

Waterfront Program 112 

Western Heritage 17,105 

Winter Term 109 

Winter Term Abroad 12 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 1 30 

Withdrawal from College 24 

Withdrawal Grades 22 

Women's and Gender Studies 106 

Writing Center 12 

Writing Competency Requirement 16 

Writing WotJcshop 43 

Year Abroad 12 




Fri., Aug. 12 
Sat., Aug. 13 
Wed., Aug. 24 

Tues., Aug. 30 
Wed., Aug. 31 
Fri., Sept. 2 


Thurs., Sept. 1 
Thurs., Sept. 1 
Fri., Sept. 2 
Mon., Sept. 5 
Wed., Sept. 7 
Thurs., Sept. 15 
Fri., Oct. 7 

Mon., Tues., Oct. 10-1 1 
Fri., Oct. 14 

Fri., Oct. 28 

Wed., Nov. 9 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 24-25 
Fri., Dec. 9 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 12-16 
Sat., Dec. 17 


Mon., Jan. 2 
Tues., Jan. 3 

Wed., Jan. 4 
Thurs., Jan. 5 

Mon., Jan. 16 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 26-27 
Fri., Jan. 27 


Sun., Jan. 29 
Mon., Jan. 30 

Tues., Jan., 31 
Thurs., Feb. 9 
Sat., Mar. 25 
Sun., April 2 
Mon., April 3 
Fri., Apr. 7 

Thurs., Apr. 6 
Wed., Apr. 12 

Fri., Apr. 14 
Thurs.-Fri., Apr. 20-21 
Fri., May 12 
Mon.-Fri., May 15-19 
Sat., May 20 

Sun., May 21 
Mon., May 22 


May 29-July 21 
May 29-June 23 
June 26-July 21 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 
Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 
Orientation for new students 
End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Family Weekend 

Midterm Holiday 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 
Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit . 
All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation 

for winter term. Returning students are not registered until they check 

in with Registrar 
Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 
Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
Martin Luther King day, no classes 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

Residence houses open at noon 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 
Spring recess begins. 
Students return 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1995-96 
All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1995 and 

return them to the Registrar 
Good Friday, no classes 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. for non-Seniors who are not attending 

Residence houses close at 4:00 p.m. for all students 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 




Fri., Aug. 11 
Sat., Aug. 12 
Wed., Aug. 23 

Tue., Aug. 29 
Wed., Aug. 30 
Fri., Sept. 1 


Thurs., Aug. 31 

Thurs., Aug. 31 

Fri., Sept. 1 

Mon., Sept. 4 

Wed., Sept. 6 

Thurs., Sept. 14 

Fri., Oct. 6 

Mon., -Tues., Oct. 9-10 

Fri., Oct. 13 

Fri., Oct. 27 

Wed., Nov. 8 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 23-24 
Fri., Dec. 8 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 11-15 
Sat., Dec. 16 


Tues., Jan. 2 
Wed., Jan. 3 

Thurs., Jan. 4 
Fri., Jan. 5 

Mon., Jan. 15 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 25-26 
Fri., Jan. 26 


Sun., Jan. 28 
Mon., Jan. 29 

Tues., Jan. 30 
Thurs., Feb. 8 
Sat., Mar. 23 
Sun., Mar. 31 
Mon., April 1 
Thurs., Apr. 4 
Fri., April 5 
Wed., Apr. 10 

Fri., April 12 

Thurs.-Fri., Apr. 18-19 
Fri., May 10 
Mon.-Fri., May 13-17 
Sat., May 18 

Sun., May 19 
Mon., May 20 


May27-July 19 
May 27-June 21 
June 24-July 19 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 
Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 
Orientation for new students 
End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at noon 

New Students: Mentor assignment, registration 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Family Weekend 

Midterm Holiday 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 
Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 
Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation 

for winter term. Returning students are not registered until they check 

in with Registrar 
Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 
Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 

project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
Martin Luther King day, no classes 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

Residence houses open at noon 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 
Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 
End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 
Spring recess begins. 
Students return 
Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 
Mentor conferences and contracts for 1996-97 
Good Friday, no classes 
All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1996 and 

return them to the Registrar 
Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 
Second comprehensive examination period 
Last day of classes 
Examination period 
Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. for non-Seniors who are not attending 

Residence houses close at 4:00 p.m. for all students 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



Coretta Scott King 

Benazir Bhutto 

Jimmy Carter 

Ed Bradley 


Lesley Stahl 

Terry Anderson 


Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school 
and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class visit with our 
professors and students, and take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the 
academic calendar before planning your visit. We ask 
only one thing of you: give us some advance notice of 
your arrival a few days is fine. Call us or drop us a line— 
the Admissions staff will be happy to work with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 
p.m. on weekdays, from 9:00 a.m. to noon on Saturday; 
summer hours are weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all correspondence prior 
to your acceptance to the Dean of Admissions. 









1 mAm 







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For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs Dean of Faculty 

Adult Programs Dean of Special Programs 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Relations Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs Vice President for Finance 

Church Relations Director of Church Relations 

Events at the College Director of Public Relations 

Financial Aid to Students Director of Financial Aid 

Financial Assistance to the College Vice President for Development 

Payment of Fees Student Accounts 

Student Housing Student Interests and Counseling Dean of Students 

Summer School Coordinator, Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement Registrar 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the staff are urged to make appointments in advance. 


4200 - 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 337 11 
Telephone (813) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 (Admissions)